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Green Building Technologies Corporate Experience March 20, 2008 Philip Calabrese, Director Engineering and Construction IBM Environmental Affairs Policy Established in 1971 Currently includes the following commitments to environmental affairs leadership in all its business activities:

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green building technologies corporate experience march 20 2008

Green Building TechnologiesCorporate ExperienceMarch 20, 2008

Philip Calabrese, Director Engineering and Construction

ibm environmental affairs policy
IBM Environmental Affairs Policy
  • Established in 1971
  • Currently includes the following commitments to environmental affairs leadership in all its business activities:
    • Provide a safe and healthful workplace
    • Be an environmentally responsible neighbor
    • Conserve energy and natural resources
    • Deploy manufacturing processes that do not adversely affect the environment
    • Help develop solutions to environmental problems
    • Meet or exceed all government regulations and voluntary requirements to which IBM subscribes
    • Strive for continual improvement
    • Conduct rigorous audits and self-assessments

Green Building Technologies - US Chamber of Commerce

ibm environmental goals
IBM Environmental Goals
  • Conservation
    • 3.5% annual energy conservation savings
    • 75% non-hazardous waste sent for recycling
  • Climate Change
    • Reduce CO2 emissions by 12% from 2005 to 2012 through:
      • Energy conservation
      • Renewable energy
      • Energy efficiency practices for use in all facilities globally

Solar panels on IBM building in Austin, TX

Green Building Technologies - US Chamber of Commerce

office buildings owned
Commercial office

New Construction category

200 KSF, 90 acres

5-story, 44.5 KSF / floor

Urban setting

Completed: January 2002

Office Buildings – Owned

Tivoli Systems – Austin, Texas LEED Certified

Key Features:

  • "Smart Growth" Development Zone
  • Large areas of land left undisturbed
  • Planted native trees, minimized irrigation
  • Recycled >50% construction waste
  • "Energy Star" roof
  • Daylight and exterior views for all office areas

Green Building Technologies - US Chamber of Commerce

office buildings leased
Office Buildings - Leased
  • In 2007 IBM initiated a collaborative effort with other major companies:
    • CitiGroup, Dupont, Fluor, Grubb & Ellis, Pitney Bowes, PWC, UTC, Wachovia
  • Developed checklist to determine which buildings under consideration for lease qualify as “green”
    • The checklist includes items under the following 4 categories:
      • Sustainable Site
      • Water Efficiency
      • Energy & Atmosphere
      • Materials & Resources
  • Mission
    • Promote the availability of competitively priced leased space that provides energy efficient and environmentally preferable attributes

Hearst Tower, NYCLEED GoldSept 2006

Green Building Technologies - US Chamber of Commerce

data centers
Data Centers
  • Energy use in USA data centers doubled from 2000 to 2006, per August 2007 EPA report to Congress

Green Building Technologies - US Chamber of Commerce

data center energy use optimization
Data Center Energy Use Optimization
  • Cooling Systems
  • Relax environmental condition requirements
    • ASHRAE recommended range: 68 to 77 °F, 40 to 55 % relative humidity
    • ASHRAE allowable range: 59 to 90 °F, 20 to 80 % relative humidity
  • Adjust room temperature and humidity settings seasonally
  • Raise temperature of chilled water supply
  • Install variable speed control for fans, chillers and pumps
  • Effectively segregate air streams
  • Maximize “free” cooling opportunities
    • Install plate and frame heat exchangers
    • Air side economizer
  • Install water cooled equipment and racks
    • For an equal volume water can remove 3600 times more heat than air

Green Building Technologies - US Chamber of Commerce

data center energy use optimization8
Data Center Energy Use Optimization
  • Power Systems
    • Install high efficiency UPS and substations
    • Promote use of higher voltage DP equipment
  • Lighting systems
    • High efficiency lamps / low watt/sf design
    • Lighting control systems / automatic shut-off
  • Operations
    • Install energy monitoring systems / Detect anomalies
    • Recommission infrastructure systems periodically
  • Integration of IT and facilities equipment control systems
    • Capability to modulate cooling supply to match equipment demand

Green Building Technologies - US Chamber of Commerce

data center efficiency dce
Data Center Efficiency, DCE

IT equipment power

Total data center power

  • DCE is a metric defined by GreenGrid =
  • Ave. DCE today ~ 0.5
  • ‘08 IBM Data Center
    • Summer = ~ 0.7
  • Winter = ~ 0.85
  • Energy efficiency increase of ~ 50% in cooling & power supply systems

LBNL: Lawrence Berkley National Laboratory

Green Building Technologies - US Chamber of Commerce

it equipment energy performance metrics
IT Equipment Energy Performance Metrics

Use of high performance IT equipment with optimization of facility systems effciency allows computing capacity to double without increasing total data center power requirement

Green Building Technologies - US Chamber of Commerce

environmental impact reduction technologies
Environmental Impact Reduction Technologies
  • Construction waste recycling
  • Regional and/or recycled content materials
  • “Green Label Plus” carpet
  • Highly reflective or vegetative roofs
  • Water conservation techniques
    • Ultra low flow restroom fixtures
    • Rain water harvesting
    • Grey water and industrial wastewater reuse
    • Native, drought tolerant landscaping

Green Building Technologies - US Chamber of Commerce

conclusions
Conclusions
  • Energy cost is likely to continue to increase
  • Energy demand and CO2 emissions will increase if aggressive action is not taken
  • Cost effective “Green” technologies exist
  • Comprehensive approach to sustainable design, construction and operations can mitigate environmental impact, rising energy demand and cost

Green Building Technologies - US Chamber of Commerce

leadership in climate protection

THE

CLIMATE

GROUP

2005

2005

Awards & Recognition

Leadership in Climate Protection

Early Results

Early Results

Between 1990 and 2006, IBM

s global

44%

energy conservation actions reduced or

’98, 99, 01

avoided CO

emissions by an amount

SmartWay2007

2

equal to 44% of its 1990 emissions.

Climate Protection Award

1998

1998

USEPA

Become the first

Became the first

1998 and 2006

600

semiconductor company to

semiconductor company to

set a numerical target for

set a numerical target for

500

PFC emissions reduction

PFC emissions reduction

400

2 0 0 8

Green Power Purchaser Award

Green Power Purchaser Award

300

55%

58%

2 0 0 6

2 0 0 6

200

Present Goal

100

FORTUNE 500

0

2006

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2000

Top 20 (’04 - 06)

Collaboration and Partnership

Charter

Charter

member

member

2000

2000

Early Support for Disclosure

Business Environmental

Leadership Council

Computer

Computer

Program

Program

CHARTER

S i n c e i n c e p t i o n

Charter

Charter

MEMBER

member 1992

member 1992

2002

1605(b) voluntary

Charter member 2003

WRI GREEN POWER MARKET

emissions reporting

THE CLIMATE GROUP

DEVELOPMENT GROUP

S i n c e 1 9 9 5

Charter member 2000

Green Building Technologies - US Chamber of Commerce