Biochemistry. Lysozyme – a protein. Chemical Bonds. Covalent bonds form between atoms of nonmetals by sharing of electrons - Molecules bond covalenty. Ionic bonds form between oppositely charged ions after the transfer of electrons - Salts bond ionically. Organic Molecules.
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Covalent bonds form between atoms of nonmetals by sharing of electrons
- Molecules bond covalenty
Ionic bonds form between oppositely charged ions after the transfer of electrons
- Salts bond ionically
Organic molecules are molecules composed of carbon and hydrogen, and often containing other elements such as phosphorus, sulfur, oxygen and nitrogen
Six elements make up 96% of your mass!
There are two types of carbohydrates:
Starch (below) is a polymer of the monosaccharide glucose (n is the number of repeating glucose units and ranges in the 1,000's).
Starches and cellulose are complex carbohydrates used by plants for energy storage and structural integrity.
When 2 amino acids bond together, water is released as the carboxyl end of one amino acid bonds to the amine end of the adjacent one forming a peptide bond, as illustrated at the left.
When many amino acids bond together to create long chains, the structure is called a protein (it is also called a polypeptide because it contains many peptide bonds).
Fats are a sub-group of compounds known as lipids that are found in the body and have the general property of being hydrophobic (meaning they are insoluble in water).
Other lipids include waxes, and steroids, such as cholesterol.
Fats are also known as triglycerides, molecules made from the combination of one molecule of glycerol with three fatty acids.
“R” is a long chain of carbon and hydrogen