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The Great War

The Great War

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The Great War

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Presentation Transcript

  1. The Great War

  2. Europe at its peak • Technologically advanced • Industrial sectors: steel, coal, railways • 25% of world’s population • Domination of Africa & Asia (imperialism) • Modernization promoted Social Darwinism

  3. Nationalism • Idea that one nation is superior to others • Ethnic tension • Homogeneous populations united • Slavic people, German people, Italian people

  4. Leaders & Their Empires • Emperor and King of Austria-Hungary • Franz Josef • Nephew to rule next • Franz Ferdinand • Domestic discontent in Austria-Hungary

  5. King George of England • Britain had largest navy in the world • Empire 140 x’s the size of the island • Uneasy about growing military in Germany and with German ties to the Ottoman Empire

  6. Tsar Nicolas II of Russia • Not industrialized • 6 million troops • Russia protector of the Slavs • Diverse population • Jews, Poles, Ukrainians

  7. Cousins in Alliance • Triple Entente: France, Russia, England (1907)

  8. Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany

  9. Kaiser Wilhelm IIVision for Germany • Respectable Germany 1871 • Strong Military and Trade System • Tension with France over Alsace Lorraine (5/11/1870) • Franco-Prussian War • Triple Alliance: Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy (1882) • Goal to isolate France

  10. Peter I King of Serbia

  11. The Balkans: The Powder Keg • Diverse group and strong nationalism • Ottoman receded and new nations born • Bosnia-Herzegovina, Serbia, Albania • Russia and Austria-Hungary competed for control of new nations • Austria-Hungary annexed Bosnia in1908 • Serbia resented this action because they had a large ethnically Serbian population

  12. The Shot: June 28, 1914 • Archduke Francis Ferdinand of Austria • Wedding anniversary • Anniversary of Ottoman invasion • Parade planned in Sarajevo, Bosnia • 7 Serbian nationalists • Black Hand plot

  13. Gavrilo Princip • Bomb thrown at Parade • Rush to hospital • Café corner • Gavrilo Princip shot the Archduke and his wife Sophie - killing them both

  14. Austria-Hungary’s Ultimatum • Germany gave “blank check” of military support to Austria-Hungary • Austria- Hungary gave severe ultimatum to Serbia • Serbia refused to let Austria-Hungarian officials run an investigation in Serbia • Austria-Hungary declare war on Serbia

  15. Russia supported Serbia France and Britain in alliance with Russia Britain declares war on Germany Germany supported Austria-Hungary Germany declares war on Russia and France The War to End all Wars begins Alliances