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Section VI: Concept 16 Stress and Health. Presentation Package for Concepts of Physical Fitness 14e. Mental and physical health are affected by an individual’s ability to avoid or adapt to stress. Stress Facts.

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section vi concept 16 stress and health
Section VI: Concept 16

Stress and Health

Presentation Package for Concepts of Physical Fitness 14e

Mental and physical health are affected by an individual’s ability to avoid or adapt to stress.

Concepts of Physical Fitness 14e

stress facts
Stress Facts
  • The American Academy of Family Physicians estimates that 60% of the problems brought to physicians in the U.S. are stress related. Many are the result of stress; others are made worse or last longer because of it.

Concepts of Physical Fitness 14e

sources of stress
Sources of Stress
  • The first step in managing stress is to recognize the causes and to be aware of the symptoms.

Concepts of Physical Fitness 14e

types of stressors
Click for info

on Lab 16a

Types of Stressors
  • Environmental
  • Physiological
  • Emotional*(psycho-social)

See 16-01 for info on stress among college students

Concepts of Physical Fitness 14e

stressors
Stressors
  • Major - create emotional turmoil or require tremendous amounts of adjustment.
    • PersonalCrises (major health problems, death in the family, divorce, financial problems, etc.)
    • Job/School-relatedpressures
    • Majorage-relatedtransitions (college, marriage, career, retirement)
  • Minor - shorter-term or less severe
    • Traffic hassles, peer/work relations, time pressures, family squabbles

Concepts of Physical Fitness 14e

characteristics of stressful events
Characteristics of Stressful Events
  • Negative
  • Uncontrollable
  • Ambiguous

Concepts of Physical Fitness 14e

reactions to stress
Reactions to Stress
  • All people have a general reaction to stress.
  • Walter Cannon’s Fight-or-Flight response
    • Non-specific stress response
  • Hans Selye’s General Adaptation Syndrome
    • Alarm
    • Resistance
    • Exhaustion

Concepts of Physical Fitness 14e

the stress target zone
BURN

RUST

OUT

OUT

(Distress)

(Hypostress)

EUSTRESS

(The optimal amount of stress)

The Stress Target Zone

Concepts of Physical Fitness 14e

responses to stress
Responses to Stress
  • Physiological
  • Cognitive
  • Emotional
  • Behavioral

Concepts of Physical Fitness 14e

contemporary views of the nature of stress
Contemporary Views of the Nature of Stress

The Process of Stress

Appraisal

Coping

Stressor

Stress

Outcome

Concepts of Physical Fitness 14e

appraisal of stressors
Appraisal of Stressors

High Stress

See stressor as a threat

Stressor

Stress

Appraisal

See stressor as a challenge

Low Stress

Concepts of Physical Fitness 14e

health problems with excessive stress
Health Problems with Excessive Stress
  • CHD and stroke
  • Gastrointestinal problems such as ulcers
  • Impaired immune system
  • Insomnia

Concepts of Physical Fitness 14e

how stress promotes illness
How Stress Promotes Illness
  • Direct effect
    • Raises blood pressure
    • Impairs immune system
  • Indirect effect
    • Less positive behaviors (exercise, healthy diet, lack of sleep)
    • More negative behaviors (drinking, smoking, unhealthy diet)

Concepts of Physical Fitness 14e

stress prone personalities
Stress-Prone Personalities
  • Type A
    • Time-urgency
    • Competitive
    • Anger and hostility
  • Type D – “Distressed”
    • “Negative Affectivity” or negative emotion
    • “Social Inhibition,” or the tendency not to express negative emotions in social interactions.

Concepts of Physical Fitness 14e

hardiness
Click for Lab 16b InfoHardiness
  • Commitment
  • Control
  • Challenge

Individuals high in “Hardiness” have fewer stress related problems due to the way they perceive stress and the coping mechanisms they use (“approach” coping instead of “avoidance” coping)

Web16-03

Concepts of Physical Fitness 14e

additional favorable stress styles
Additional Favorable Stress Styles
  • Optimism
  • Locus of control

Concepts of Physical Fitness 14e

summary of stress
Summary of Stress

You may not be able to smooth out the surf, but you can learn to ride the waves!

Concepts of Physical Fitness 14e

web resources
Web Resources

Online Learning Center

“On the Web” pages for Concept

Concepts of Physical Fitness 14e

supplemental graphics

Supplemental Graphics

Lab Information

lab 16a information evaluating your stress level
Lab 16a InformationEvaluating Your Stress Level

Return to presentation

  • Complete the life experience survey.
  • Summarize your current level of stress. in comparison with the survey scores.

Note: The life experience surveys assume that stressors affect everyone in the same way and therefore may not yield highly accurate indicators of stress.

Concepts of Physical Fitness 14e

lab 16b information evaluating your hardiness
Lab 16b InformationEvaluating Your Hardiness

Return to presentation

  • Complete the Hardiness survey.
  • Summarize the score for each dimension of Hardiness.
  • Discuss whether you feel the scores are useful indicators of your response to stress.

Web16-03

Concepts of Physical Fitness 14e

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