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Birds. Part II. B. External parasites. 1. Red mites – appear as tiny red specks . Symptoms: restlessness and scratching and picking at their feathers. Red mite. 2. Feather mite – small, gray -colored moving specks. Symptoms: restlessness, severe

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Birds l.jpg


Part II

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1. Red mites – appear as tiny red specks. Symptoms: restlessness and scratching and

picking at their feathers.

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2. Feather mite – small, gray-colored moving specks. Symptoms: restlessness, severe

scratching, feather picking, and skin irritation.

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3. Scaly face – tunnel into the soft tissues around the beak and face. Symptoms: severe


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4. Leg mites – tunnel under the scales on the legs.

Symptoms: scaly deposits that become thickened, enlarged, and encrusted.

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1. Parrot fever – also called chlamydiosis or psittacosis. Symptoms: nasal discharges,

closing of the eyes, listlessness, appetite loss, weight loss,

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greenish-colored diarrhea, and labored breathing.

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Can try to treat with antibiotics in feed or injections. Have to protect yourself, you can get it>>pneumonia

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2. Pullorum disease – caused by the bacteria Salmonella pullorum. Symptoms: not

eating, sleepiness, white pasting of feces around the vent.

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3. pullorum. Symptoms: notColibacillosis – caused by the bacteria Escherichia coli. Symptoms: depends on

form; air sac produces cheese like inflammations over the heart, liver and air sacs,

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navel infections causes a reddening, swelling, mushiness or wetness around the navel, oviduct infections cause a swelling of the oviduct and a foul smelling discharge.

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4. Pasterurellosis – also called fowl wetness around the navel, oviduct infections cause a swelling of the oviduct and a foul smelling discharge.cholera. Symptoms: joint, sinus, nasal, middle ear

or skull infections, fever, depression, anorexia

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ruffed feathers, mucous discharges, and difficulty breathing. Can be transferred to humans. Treated with antibiotics.

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5. breathing. Can be transferred to humans. Treated with antibiotics. Bumblefoot – associated with staphylococcal infections. Symptoms: feet and joints

become hot and swollen with a thick, grayish white fluid,

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and not walking or clasping onto perch. breathing. Can be transferred to humans. Treated with antibiotics.

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6. Tuberculosis – caused by breathing. Can be transferred to humans. Treated with antibiotics. Mycobacterium avium. Usually doesn’t show outward signs, just slow weight loss and deterioration of condition.

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D. Viral Disease breathing. Can be transferred to humans. Treated with antibiotics.

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1. Psittacine Beak and feather disease – also called breathing. Can be transferred to humans. Treated with antibiotics. French molt, viral disease attacks

the immune system.

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Symptoms: new breathing. Can be transferred to humans. Treated with antibiotics. feathers do not emerge or may be deformed,

beak and nails may be soft, overgrown, and lose their pigment

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2. Newcastle disease – viral disease, respiratory difficulty, tremors, wing droop, twisted


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3. Pacheco Parrot’s disease – difficulty, tremors, wing droop, herpes virus. Symptoms: may become lethargic, regurgitate, and have diarrhea.

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E. Nutritional Problems difficulty, tremors, wing droop,

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1. Goiter – difficulty, tremors, wing droop, iodinedeficiency. Symptoms: swelling of the thyroid glands in the neck and

interfere with breathing.

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2. Rickets – calcium, phosphorus, or Vitamin difficulty, tremors, wing droop, D3 deficiency. Symptoms: lameness, stiff-legged gait, or a constant resting in the squatting position, and decreased growth.

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Good natural sources of Vitamin D: difficulty, tremors, wing droop, * Cod liver oil (only very tiny amounts needed)

Good natural sources of Calcium:* Cuttlebone* Oyster shells* Bone meal* Spinach* Broccoli

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3. difficulty, tremors, wing droop, Candidiasis – Vitamin A deficiency. Early sign: playing with food but not eating.

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4. Obesity – too much food, not enough activity or seeds high in fat. Exercise and go to pellets

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F. Other Problems high in fat. Exercise and go to pellets

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1. Overgrown claws-Use emory board or clippers to trim. high in fat. Exercise and go to pellets

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2. Feather plucking – high in fat. Exercise and go to pelletsboredom, diet, needs mate, lack of bathing

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Toys help high in fat. Exercise and go to pellets

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G. Symptoms of Problems high in fat. Exercise and go to pellets

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1. Sleeping on high in fat. Exercise and go to pelletstwo legs, normally sleeps on only one leg

2. Feathers are fluffed out, could be chilled

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3. A digestive ailment, if feces is runny high in fat. Exercise and go to pellets

4. Not flying around, no activity

5. Eye discharges or continually closed are an indication of a cold.

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6. Problem breathing either irregular, wheezing or noisy high in fat. Exercise and go to pellets

7. Not eating, or very little eating

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Discuss the treatment of bird diseases. high in fat. Exercise and go to pellets

p. 249

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1. Select a healthy bird ailments.

2. Place bird in a dry, warm, draft-free place

3. Subject the bird to little stress


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4. No other animals should be around ailments.

5. Quarantine and observation period of at least 3-4 weeks before introducing to other birds.

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6. ailments.Sanitation is extremely important – should provide fresh food and water

7. Keep perches and cage clean.

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Flight Cages ailments.

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B. Internal parasites ailments.


1. Treat with drugs

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C. External parasite ailments.

1. Dust with pyrethrum powder or dipped in an appropriate insecticide

2. Cages and equipment cleaned and disinfected thoroughly.

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D. Bacterial Diseases ailments.

1. Feeding antibiotic treated seed or medicine in feed to treat depending on bacteria.

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E. Viral Diseases ailments.

1. Depending on disease there are no treatments for some and other need vaccination for


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F. Nutritional Problems ailments.

1. Goiter deficiency of iodine in diet feed iodine blocks

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2. Rickets deficiency/ imbalance of calcium or phosphorous, feed oyster shell or coarse limestone and supplement of Vitamin D3

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3. Candidiasis- deficiency of Vitamin A. give vitamin supplements

4. Obesity- change of diet and exercise.

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Scaly leg mite supplements treatment

  • Apply vaseline over encrusted deposits to seal air holes used by mites

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How to encourage preening its feather fluffed out.

  • Preening = to clean, straighten and fluff feathers

  • Removes feather dust and dirt, prevents feather plucking

  • Can be encouraged by spraying a mist of water over the bird

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Training birds to talk its feather fluffed out.

  • Important to keep stress to a minimum

  • Training sessions lasting about 15 minutes at the same time every day

  • Should be conducted by one person

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Clipping Wings its feather fluffed out.

  • Clip flight feathers to keep birds from escaping when out of cage

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cockatiel its feather fluffed out.

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Common Pet Birds its feather fluffed out.

Note that like most other pets, the manner in which the animal is raised, handled, and kept has a profound effect on the temperament of the animal.

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Budgerigars its feather fluffed out. (Parakeets)

  • Native to Australia

  • Can be taught to mimic sounds and words & to do tricks

  • Live 5-15 years

  • small but are very active, energetic, and lively birds.

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RingNeck Parakeet its feather fluffed out.

  • Native to India, Asia

  • Size: Small – 17 inches (including tail)

  • Lifespan: 25-30 years

  • Smart & active

  • Ringnecks have the potential to speak with amazing clarity. Additionally, they are adept at learning a great number of words and phrases, making them true masters at mimicry.

  • Ranked in the top five of talking birds

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Cockatoo its feather fluffed out.

  • Over 40 species

  • Native to Australia, Indonesia & New Guinea

  • Cockatoo’s make exceptional companion birds, if their needs and requirements are adequately met.  They are affectionate, funny, comical, mischievous and generally easy to get along with

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Sulphur-Crested its feather fluffed out.


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Black Palm its feather fluffed out.


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African Grey its feather fluffed out.

  • Native to the Rainforest in

    Central & South Africa

  • High-maintenance pets

    • At least 3 hours of out of cage


Bird: $800-$2000

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African Grey its feather fluffed out.

  • Irene Peperberg’s extensive research with captive African Greys, especially the one known as Alex, have provided evidence that these parrots are capable of associating human words with their meanings

  • some believe that they have the equivalent understanding of a human toddler and the cognitive ability of a 12-year-old human child.

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Einstein: its feather fluffed out.


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Cockatiel its feather fluffed out.

  • smallest of the Cockatoo family

  • Native to Australia

  • Live 10-20 years

  • Can be demanding of attention from owner

  • Whistle and mimic noises

Bird: $75 - $200

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Sun Conure its feather fluffed out.

- Medium-sized brightly colored

parrot native to northeastern

South America

  • Popular pets due to bright color & ability to talk.

  • Inquisitive temperaments demand a great deal of attention from their owners, and can sometimes be loud

Bird: $600-$1200

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Amazon Parrot its feather fluffed out.

  • Large parrot

  • Native habitat: South America, Mexico and Caribbean

  • Predominantly green

  • Can mimic human speech and other sound

  • Lifespan: 40-80 years

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Macaw its feather fluffed out.

  • Native to: Mexico, Central & South America

  • Most species are associated with the Rainforest

  • Live 50-100 years

  • thrive on frequent interaction and attention from their owners, and a lack of this can lead to their mental and physical suffering.

Scarlet Macaw

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Finches its feather fluffed out.

  • Small, beautiful, active birds that make great pets for someone who likes birds but doesn't have time for the social interaction that a parrot demands

  • Social – must be kept with other finches

  • Lifespan: 5-10 yrs

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$$$$$ its feather fluffed out.

Parakeets: $10 - $25

Canaries: $25 - $150

Finches: $10 - $100

African Grey: $800 - $2000+

Cockatoo: $800 - $5000+

Cockatiels: $75 - $200

Macaws: $1200 - $5000+

Amazons: $800 - $2000+

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The End its feather fluffed out.