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Using a model for instructional design . Process models Use of models Using an ID model in this class. Announcement. Teams need to come and talk to their facilitators right after the class. But, first of all tell me. How can a civil engineer build a building?

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Using a model for instructional design

Process models

Use of models

Using an ID model in this class


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Announcement

  • Teams need to come and talk to their facilitators right after the class


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But, first of all tell me

  • How can a civil engineer build a building?

  • Which steps does he/she follow?


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Using a model for instructional design

Process models

Use of models

Using an ID model in this class


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Process models

  • What is a process model?

    • Identifies major types of activities and provides definitions for them

    • Describes the primary sequencing of activities during the development and completion of a design

    • Illustrates the relationships between activities during the development and completion of a design

    • Organizes the view of an activity for the purpose of those involved in that activity


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Process models

  • Activities can be identified by means of a list …

    • Analysis … collecting data that will impact the design of instruction

    • Design … creating the "blueprints" of the instructional experience

    • Development … turning the plans of the design phase become the reality of instructional materials and activities

    • Implementation … the instruction in practice

    • Evaluation … certifying that learning has actually occurred and identifying ways to improve future applications of the instructional activities and materials


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Process models

  • … but a list does not show sequencing or relationships.


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Process models

relationships

direction

connection


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Using a model for instructional design

Process models

Use of models

Using an ID model in this class


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Use of models

  • Models help to teach and to learn. Using models …

    • Simplifies the view of a complex activity

    • Gives structure to the actions of a novice team working together

    • Ensures that important activities are not overlooked or grossly misplaced

    • Connects experienced action to abstract understanding

    • Shapes prior knowledge into accepted forms


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Use of models

  • Models help to answer these questions:

    • What should we do first? Next?

    • What have we overlooked?

    • Which activities are needed in order to provide information for other activities?

    • How do we know when we should move from one activity to another?

    • What do we need to know at certain times in a project?

    • How can we communicate efficiently with each other about our design activities?


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Use of models

  • Models help experienced designers …

    • Communicate efficiently with each other about their design activities

    • Discriminate between activities that may look and feel similar to one another, to avoid getting stuck or distracted

    • Explain what they do to others who need to understand it (clients, participants, other professionals, learners)


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Use of models

  • ASSURE

    • Analyze learners

    • State objectives

    • Select Methods, Media, Materials

    • Utilize Media-Materials

    • Require learner participation

    • Evaluate and revise

  • ADDIE – Analyze, Design, Development, Implementation, Evaluation


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Use of models

  • Other design process models … Corporate Design Foundation* – Graphic Design

    • Research Phase 

    • Conceptualization

    • Architecture of Materials

    • Iteration

    • Production

    • Evaluation

*http://www.cdf.org/what_is_design.html


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Use of models

  • Other design process models … Unknown lecturer on creative design model in engineering *

    • Recognizing the need

    • Defining the problem

    • Planning the project

    • Gathering information

    • Conceptualizing alternative approaches

    • Evaluating the alternatives

    • Selecting the preferred alternative

    • Communicating the design

    • Implementing the preferred design

  • *http://www.mech.utah.edu/~me1000/lectures/Creativity_files/frame.htm#slide0029.htm


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Using a model for instructional design

Process models

Use of models

Using an ID model in this class


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Using an ID model in this class

  • Rapid Prototyping: A very popular model among instructional technologists

  • ***Very important***: Read the following article

    http://www.metu.edu.tr/~kursat/ceit420/rapid.pdf

    • Rapid prototyping: An alternative instructional design strategy. Steven Tripp and Barbara Bichelmeyer. Educational Technology Research and Development, Vol 38, No.1, pp. 31-44

    • Quiz: Next week (ask me at the end of the class)