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What about la Francophonie?. Dr. Will Thompson The University of Memphis TFLTA 2008. What is the present socio-economic reality of those countries and regions that comprise “La Francophonie”, especially in terms of their place in a global economy?

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what about la francophonie

What aboutla Francophonie?

Dr. Will Thompson

The University of Memphis

TFLTA 2008

slide2
What is the present socio-economic reality of those countries and regions that comprise “La Francophonie”, especially in terms of their place in a global economy?

How can we use this information as the basis for classroom discussion and/or student projects on la Francophonie?

what is la francophonie
What is “La Francophonie”?
  • Term first used in 1871
  • Vague and unofficial concept
  • Historical, geographical, political, and cultural implications
  • Its definition can fluctuate depending on the context in which it is used
  • “La Francophonie est une communauté de peuples très divers vivant sur les cinq continents et unis par la langue française.”
what is la francophonie4
What is La Francophonie?
  • Those countries where French is the official language [or one of them]
  • Those countries where French is the native language of a significant percentage of the population
  • Those countries in which French is a major language of communication
  • Those countries in which the French language has important cultural and historoical significance
why la francophonie
Why “La Francophonie”?
  • EDUCATE students about the diversity of the French-speaking world
  • ADVOCATE for the importance of French as a global language
  • EXTRAPOLATE from this information to expose students to a myriad of social and economic issues affecting the world today
la francophonie
ALGERIE

BELGIQUE

BENIN

BURKINA FASO

BURUNDI

CAMBODGE

CAMEROUN

CANADA [QUEBEC]

COMORES

CONGO

CONGO [Rép. Dém.]

COTE D’IVOIRE

DJIBOUTI

FRANCE

GABON

GUINEE

GUINEE EQUATORIALE

HAITI

LIBAN

LUXEMBOURG

MADAGASCAR

MALI MAROC

MAURICE

MAURITANIE

MAYOTTE

MONACO

NIGER

REPUBLIQUE CENTRAFICAINE

RWANDA

SENEGAL

SEYCHELLES

SUISSE

TCHAD

TOGO

TUNISIE

VANUATU

VIETNAM

La Francophonie
les dom rom or drom d partments et r gions d outre mer
+ les “DOM-ROM” (or DROM)[Départments et Régions d’Outre-Mer]
  • GUADELOUPE
  • GUYANE FRANÇAISE
  • MARTINIQUE
  • MAYOTTE
  • NOUVELLE CALEDONIE
  • POLYNESIE FRANCAISE
  • REUNION
  • SAINT-BARTHÉLÉMY
  • SAINT-MARTIN
  • SAINT-PIERRE ET MIQUELON
  • WALLIS ET FUTUNA
organisation internationale de la francophonie
ORGANISATION INTERNATIONALEDE LA FRANCOPHONIE

55 États et gouvernements membres et 13 observateurs.

ALBANIE ANDORRE ARMENIE [observateur]

AUTRICHE [observateur] BELGIQUE BENIN

BULGARIE BURKINA FASO BURUNDI

CAMBODGE CAMEROUN CANADA

CANADA, N. BRUNSWICK CANADA, QUEBEC CAP-VERT

CENTRAFRIQUE CHYPRE [membre associé] COMM FRAN DE BELGIQUE

COMORES CONGO CONGO RD

COTE D’IVOIRE CROATIE [observateur] DJIBOUTI

DOMINIQUE EGYPTE EX-REP YOUG. DE MACEDOINE

FRANCE GABON GEORGIE [observateur]

GHANA [membre associé] GRECE GUINEE

GUINEE BISSAU GUINEE EQUATORIALE HAITI

HONGRIE [observateur] LAOS LIBAN

LITUANIE [observateur] LUXEMBOURG MADAGASCAR

MALI MAROC MAURICE

MAURITANIE MOLDAVIE MONACO

MOZAMBIQUE [observateur] NIGER POLOGNE [observateur]

REP TCHEQUE [observateur] ROUMANIE RWANDA

SAINTE-LUCIE SAO TOME ET PRINCIPE SENEGAL

SERBIE [observateur] SEYCHELLES SLOVAQUIE [observateur]

SLOVENIE [observateur] SUISSE TCHAD

TOGO TUNISIE UKRAINE [observateur]

VANUATU VIETNAM

slide9
WHAT ARE SOME OF THE WAYS THAT WE CAN OBTAIN SOME PERSPECTIVE ON THIS LARGE NUMBER OF COUNTRIES AND REGIONS [MOST OF WHICH WE HAVEN’T VISITED AND PROBABLY WON’T ANY TIME SOON!]?
global rankings
Global Rankings
  • Population
  • Gross Domestic Product
  • GDP per capita
  • UN Human Development report
  • Global Competitiveness
  • Corruption Perceptions
population the top 12
Population [The Top 12]
  • FRANCE [INCL. OVERSEAS] 64,102,140 19
  • CONGO [DR] 62,636,000 21
  • CANADA 32,956,000 36
  • MADAGASCAR 19,683,000 55
  • COTE D’IVOIRE 19,262,000 57
  • CAMEROUN 18,549,000 58
  • BURKINA FASO 14,784,000 63
  • NIGER 14,226,000 65
  • SENEGAL 12,379,000 70
  • MALI 12,337,000 71
  • TCHAD 10,781,000 75
  • BELGIQUE 10,457,000 77
slide12
GDP
  • A region's gross domestic product, or GDP, is one of the ways for measuring the size of its economy. The GDP of a country is defined as the market value of all final goods and services produced within a country in a given period of time. It is also considered the sum of value added at every stage of production of all final goods and services produced within a country in a given period of time. [Source: www.wikipedia.org]
  • IN MILLIONS OF US DOLLARS, 2005
  • SOURCE: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND
  • OUT OF 181 COUNTRIES
slide13
GDP
  • FRANCE 2,234,631,000,000 6
  • CANADA 1,269,096,000,000 8
  • BELGIQUE 393,590,000,000 17
  • SUISSE 377,240,000,000 20
  • LUXEMBOURG 40,577,000,000 65
gdp cont d
GDP [cont’d.]
  • CAMEROUN 18,372,000,000 88
  • COTE D’IVOIRE 17,339,000,000 91
  • SENEGAL 9,242,000,000 109
  • GUINEE EQUATORIALE 9,135,000,000 110
  • GABON 9,124,000,000 112
  • CONGO [REP. DEM.] 8,543,000,000 115
  • CONGO 7,399,000,000 119
  • TCHAD 6,547,000,000 122
  • MAURICE 6,402,000,000 124
  • MALI 6,191,000,000 128
  • BURKINA FASO 6,055,000,000 130
  • MADAGASCAR 5,489,000,000 132
gdp cont d15
GDP [cont’d.]
  • BENIN 4,760,000,000 134
  • HAITI 4,473,000,000 135
  • NIGER 3,550,000,000 137
  • GUINEE 3,317,000,000 140
  • RWANDA 2,397,000,000 149
  • TOGO 2,210,000,000 151
  • REP CENTRAFRICAINE 1,488,000,000 155
  • BURUNDI 908,000,000 163
  • DJIBOUTI 768,000,000 165
  • SEYCHELLES 749,000,000 166
  • COMORES 402,000,000 172
  • VANUATU 387,000,000 173
gdp per capita 2007 international monetary fund
GDP per capita [2007][International Monetary Fund]
  • LUXEMBOURG 79,660 2
  • SUISSE 39,963 6
  • CANADA 35,729 12
  • BELGIQUE 34,458 14
  • FRANCE 33,414 18
  • GUINEE EQUAT. 30,610 22
  • GABON 15,177 41
  • SEYCHELLES 14,412 44
  • MAURICE 11,276 56
gdp per capita 2
GDP per capita [2]
  • VANUATU 3,695 106
  • CONGO 3,512 109
  • CAMEROUN 2,124 124
  • DJIBOUTI 2,061 126
  • COTE D’IVOIRE 1,673 133
  • SENEGAL 1,666 134
  • TCHAD 1,478 138
  • BENIN 1,312 142
  • HAITI 1,311 143
  • COMORES 1,149 147
  • GUINEE 1,140 148
gdp per capita 3
GDP per capita [3]
  • BURKINA FASO 1,124 149
  • MALI 1,084 150
  • MADAGASCAR 935 153
  • RWANDA 867 154
  • TOGO 809 155
  • REP CENTRAFRICAINE 714 160
  • NIGER 628 162
  • BURUNDI 341 166
  • CONGO [REP. DEM.] 298 167
human development
Human Development
  • The United Nations Human Development Report compiles the human development index that looks beyond GDP to a broader definition of well-being. The HDI provides a composite measure of three dimensions of human development: life expectancy, education, and standard living (measured by purchasing power parity, income).

[Information adapted from the UNHD website]

human development20
Human Development
  • CANADA 4
  • SUISSE 7
  • FRANCE 10
  • BELGIQUE 17
  • LUXEMBOURG 18
  • SEYCHELLES 50
  • MAURICE 65
human development21
GABON 119

VANUATU 120

GUINEE EQUAT. 127

COMORES 134

CONGO 139

MADAGASCAR 143

CAMEROUN 144

HAITI 146

DJIBOUTI 149

TOGO 152

SENEGAL 156

GUINEE 160

RWANDA 161

BENIN 163

COTE D’IVOIRE 166

BURUNDI 167

R.D. CONGO 168

TCHAD 170

REPUBLIQUE CENTRAFRICAINE 171

MALI 173

NIGER 174

BURKINA FASO 176

Human Development
global competitiveness
Global Competitiveness

The World Economic Forum’s Global Competitiveness Report rankings are drawn from a combination of hard data and the results of the Executive Opinion Survey, a comprehensive annual survey conducted by the World Economic Forum, together with its partner institutes in the countries covered by the Report. This year, over 11,000 business leaders were polled in a record 125 economies worldwide.

[Information from WEC website]

global competitiveness 2008 2009
Global Competitiveness[2008-2009]
  • SUISSE 2
  • CANADA 10
  • FRANCE 16
  • BELGIQUE 19
  • LUXEMBOURG 25
  • MAURICE 56
  • SENEGAL 95
  • BENIN 104
  • CAMEROUN 111
  • MADAGASCAR 121
  • MALI 114
  • BURKINA FASO 123
  • BURUNDI 126
  • TCHAD 130
corruption perceptions
Corruption Perceptions

TRANSPARENCY INTERNATIONAL

CORRUPTION PERCEPTIONS INDEX

The Transparency International Corruption Perceptions Index ranks countries in terms of the degree to which corruption is perceived to exist among public officials and politicians. It is a composite index, a poll of polls, drawing on corruption-related data from expert and business surveys carried out by a variety of independent and reputable institutions. The CPI reflects views from around the world, including those of experts who are living in the countries evaluated.

[Information from Transparency International website]

corruption perceptions25
Corruption Perceptions

TRANSPARENCY INTERNATIONAL

CORRUPTION PERCEPTIONS INDEX 2007

COUNTRY RANKINGS [OUT OF 163]

  • SUISSE 7
  • CANADA 9
  • LUXEMBOURG 12
  • FRANCE 19
  • BELGIQUE 21
  • MAURICE 53
  • SEYCHELLES 57
  • SENEGAL 71
  • GABON 84
  • MADAGASCAR 94
corruption perceptions26
Corruption Perceptions
  • VANUATU 98
  • BURKINA FASO 105
  • RWANDA 111
  • MALI 118
  • BENIN 118
  • NIGER 123
  • BURUNDI 131
  • CAMEROUN 138
  • TOGO 143
  • CONGO 150
  • COTE D’IVOIRE 150
  • REP CENTRAFRICAINE 162
  • GUINEE 168
  • GUINEE EQUATORIALE 168
  • CONGO [REP. DEM.] 168
  • TCHAD 172
  • HAITI 177
us trade with francophone countries
US Trade with Francophone Countries
  • TOTAL TRADE WITH US [2006]
  • The Big Four [or Five]
  • CANADA [INCL. QUEBEC] 536,000,000,000
  • QUEBEC 82,000,000,000
  • FRANCE 61,360,000,000
  • BELGIQUE 35,700,000,000
  • SUISSE 28,600,000,000
us francophone trade 2006
US-Francophone Trade 2006
  • CONGO 3,230,000,000
  • GUINEE EQUAT. 2,290,000,000
  • TCHAD 1,980,000,000
  • GABON 1,490,000,000
  • HAITI 1,310,000,000
  • LUXEMBOURG 1,130,000,000
  • COTE D’IVOIRE 849,000,000
us francophone trade 200629
CAMEROUN 394,000,000

MADAGASCAR 326,000,000

MAURICE 254,000,000

NIGER 252,900,000

POLYNESIE FRANÇAISE 166,000,000

GUINEE 158,500,000

CONGO [R.D.] 155,800,000

SENEGAL 118,400,000

BENIN 116,100,000

TOGO 112,200,000

NOUVELLE CALEDONIE 94,200,000

MARTINIQUE 76,000,000

GUADELOUPE 67,700,000

US-Francophone Trade 2006
us francophone trade 200630
US-Francophone Trade 2006

MONACO 65,500,000

MALI 51,000,000

DJIBOUTI 51,000,000

GUYANE FRANÇAISE 33,800,000

REP CENTRAFRICAINE 29,400,000

RWANDA 20,600,000

SEYCHELLES 19,600,000

BURKINA FASO 19,100,000

VANUATU 11,400,000

REUNION 11,400,000

BURUNDI 8,400,000

COMORES 1,600,000

MAYOTTE 300,000

WALLIS & FUTUNA 200,000

total trade with us 2002 ranking of francophone countries
Total Trade with US [2002]Ranking of Francophone Countries

OUT OF 251 Countries and Territories

  • CANADA [INCL. QUEBEC] 1
  • FRANCE 9
  • BELGIQUE 16
  • SUISSE 24
  • GABON 66
  • HAITI 76
  • LUXEMBOURG 80
  • GUINEE EQUATORIALE 83
  • COTE D’IVOIRE 89
total trade with us 2002 ranking of francophone countries32
CAMEROUN 101

MAURICE 104

GUYANE FRANCAISE 109

CONGO 110

MADAGASCAR 115

CONGO [REP. DEM.] 116

GUINEE 130

TCHAD 131

POLYNESIE FRANCAISE 133

SENEGAL 151

DJIBOUTI 158

GUADELOUPE 160

NOUVELLE CALEDONIE 163

NIGER 166

BENIN 170

SEYCHELLES 171

MONACO 177

MARTINIQUE 180

BURKINA FASO 182

TOGO 189

MALI 190

RWANDA 192

REP. CENTRAFRICAINE 197

COMORES 206

REUNION 208

VANUATU 211

BURUNDI 214

WALLIS ET FUTUNA 227

MAYOTTE 232

Total Trade with US [2002]Ranking of Francophone Countries
what does the u s import from france for 2007
What does the U.S. import from France? [$ for 2007]
  • Civilian aircraft 4.82 billion
  • Medical equipment 4.68 billion
  • Aircraft engines 3.62 billion
  • Artwork/antiques 2.70 billion
  • Petroleum products 2.03 billion
  • Alcohol [other than wine] 1.58 billion
  • Wine 1.47 billion
  • Toiletries and cosmetics 1.36 billion
  • Automobile parts 1.00 billion
us direct investment in francophone countries
US Direct Investment in Francophone Countries

US DIRECT INVESTMENT ABROAD 2005

[IN MILLIONS OF DOLLARS]

[RANKS OVERALL ARE FOR THE YEARS 1997-2000]

TOTAL 2,069,983

CANADA 234,831 RANK: 2

SWITZERLAND 83,424 RANK: 5

LUXEMBOURG 61,615

FRANCE 60,860 RANK: 8

BELGIUM 36,733

AFRICA 24,257

AFRICA* 14,950

*NOT INCL. EGYPT, NIGERIA, SOUTH AFRICA

foreign investment in us
Foreign Investment in US

FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT IN THE US 2005

IN MILLIONS OF DOLLARS

RANKS ARE FOR THE YEARS 1997-2000

  • TOTAL 1,635,291
  • FRANCE 143,378 RANK: 5
  • CANADA 144,033 RANK: 6
  • LUXEMBOURG 116,736 RANK: 7
  • SWITZERLAND 122,399 RANK: 8
  • BELGIUM 9,712
  • AFRICA 2,564
us aid to francophone countries 2004 2005 average source oecd
CONGO [R.D.] 166,000,000

HAITI 123,000,000

MADAGASCAR 61,000,000

RWANDA 57,000,000

MALI 52,000,000

BURUNDI 49,000,000

GUINEE 47,000,000

SENEGAL 45,000,000

COTE D’IVOIRE 32,000,000

BENIN 26,000,000

NIGER 25,000,000

BURKINA FASO 19,000,000

REP. CENTRAFR. 15,000,000

DJIBOUTI 7,000,000

TOGO 3,250,000

GABON 2,300,000

VANUATU 1,700,000

MAURICE 700,000

COMORES 15,000

GUINEE EQUAT. 15,000

US Aid to Francophone Countries [2004-2005 average]Source: OECD
issues with individual countries
Issues With Individual Countries

Using the previous indicators as a starting point, what can further investigation into the current socio-economic reality of the individual countries mentioned above reveal to us?

sources used
Sources Used
  • BBC Country Profiles
  • U.S. Department of State

[Background Notes]

  • CIA World Factbook
  • U.S. Department of Commerce

[Country Commercial Guides]

belgique
Belgique
  • Headquarters for EU and NATO
  • U.S. is #5 trading partner
  • 31.7% of population in Wallonie
  • Highest per capita employment in world in terms of car assembly
  • U.S. is #3 destination for Belgian tourists
burkina faso
Burkina Faso
  • Significant gold reserves
  • Cotton is mainstay of economy
  • 90% of workforce in agriculture
  • China is the major trading partner, along with France
comores
Comores
  • Important exporter of vanilla, cloves, and perfume oil
  • World’s #2 producer of vanilla
  • Tourism potential?
  • 20+ coups and attempted coups since independence in 1975
congo brazzaville
Congo [Brazzaville]
  • Oil production accounts for 39% of GDP and 89% of export earnings
  • Oil industry dominated by Total, but also Chevron and Texaco
  • Workforce is still two-thirds agricultural
cote d ivoire
COTE D’IVOIRE
  • Very good infrastructure for a developing country
  • Produces 40% of world’s cocoa
  • Oil production growing substantially
gabon
Gabon
  • Prosperous due to oil
  • Developing eco-tourism
  • Petroleum accounts for 43% of GDP and 81% of exports; U.S. is 53% of export market
  • #2 in world for manganese deposits [used in steelmaking]
and interesting facts about some other francophone countries
And interesting facts about some other Francophone countries:
  • Guinée: has perhaps one-half of world’s reserves of bauxite [for aluminum]
  • Luxembourg: 79% of GDP is related to banking
  • Maurice: 90% of cultivated land is dedicated to sugar cane
  • Nouvelle Calédonie: has one-fourth of world’s nickel deposits
and some more facts
And some more facts…
  • Niger: #3 in world for uranium deposits
  • Rwanda: tea accounts for 60% of exports
  • Sénégal: Dakar, with its new airport, is an increasingly important transportation hub
  • Seychelles: the highest GDP per capita in Africa; Heinz is the largest employer [tuna processing plant]
  • Togo: #4 world exporter of phosphates
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