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Challenges & Opportunities Of ICT In Developing Countries. Desta Mengistu Motebaynor. Agenda. ICT Introduction ICT Development and Deployment . Challenges . Opportunities Conclusion and Recommendation Discussion. UN Statistics - Millennium Indicators.

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Challenges & Opportunities

Of ICT In Developing Countries

Desta Mengistu Motebaynor

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  • ICT Introduction

  • ICT Development and Deployment

    . Challenges

    . Opportunities

  • Conclusion and Recommendation

  • Discussion

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UN Statistics - Millennium Indicators

% of population bellow $1 per day consumption

Finland 0% Egypt 3.1% Ethiopia 81.9%


Education enrolment ratio primary level

Finland 100% Egypt 92.6% Ethiopia 46.7%


IMR – (0-1) year per 1000 live birth

Finland 4 Egypt 37 Ethiopia 117

Infant Mortality Rate

Source: UN Statistics-Millennium Indicators

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UN Statistics - Millennium Indicators

% of population with access to clean water

Finland 100% Egypt 97% Ethiopia 24%


Forested land area as % of total land area

Finland 70% Egypt 0.1% Ethiopia 4.2%


Undernourished as % of total population

Finland 0% Egypt 4% Ethiopia 44%


Source: UN Statistics-Millennium Indicators

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UN Statistics - Millennium Indicators

lines and cellular subscription per 100 population

Finland 135.14%

Egypt 14.69%

Ethiopia 0.48%


Internet users per 100 population (2002)

Finland 50.89%

Egypt 0.93% (2001)

Ethiopia 0.07%


Personal Computers per 100 population

Finland 42.35%

Egypt 1.55%

Ethiopia 0.15%


Source: UN Statistics-Millennium Indicators

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Maximum utilization



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What is ICT

ICT – Is a generic term used to express the convergence of information technology, (IT) communications and broadcasting.

IT – Is a term that encompasses all forms of technology used to create, store, exchange, and use information in its various forms (Networks, data, voice, still images, multimedia presentations, human resources, messages and other forms, including those not yet conceived).

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The application of ICT

  • ICT can be used in a wide variety:

  • To access information and knowledge.

  • To gather and disseminate information.

  • To educate and learn.

  • To develop Knowledge Management.

  • To Organize and control business process.

  • For Messaging and collaboration.

  • For Research and development.

  • For Networking to share ICT resources.

  • Can be applied in economic sectors, science and technology. etc…

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The Bottom Line

  • If properly developed & deployed ICT will:

  • overcome poverty;

  • accelerate socio-economic development


  • improve democracy and governance

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ICT Challenges for Developing Countries

  • ICT Development & Deployment will not come easy ! ! ! !

  • ICT development readiness

    • - Identifying priorities

    • - Creating enabling environments

    • - Developing flexible policy framework

  • Creating ICT awareness

  • Developing ICT Architecture and Standards

  • Government demands are becoming bigger and more complex – needs for high impact & expectations

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ICT Challenges contd.

  • Aligning Government regulations with new


  • IT skills development

  • Securing investment costs

  • Developing infrastructure

  • Developing applications

  • Identifying the right technology

  • Content development in various languages

  • Retaining skilled professionals (Brain drain)

  • Managing ICT resources

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ICT Challenges contd.

  • Identifying the right technology.

  • Developing ICT infrastructure.

  • Building high bandwidth communication


  • Technology complexity and its rapid pace.

  • Developing ICT applications.

  • Optimizing the value of ICT investment.

  • Managing technology refresh for continuity

    and growth.

  • Developing & working with the private


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ICT Challenges contd.

  • Manage and optimize scarce IT resources

    now and in the future.

  • Developing IT as an economic sector.

  • Improving customs for IT related imports.

  • Overcoming inequalities (urban/rural,

    gender etc..).

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The Standish Group Survey





















This chart depicts the outcome of the 30,000 application projects in large,

medium, and small cross-industry U.S. companies tested by The Standish

Group since 1994.

Source: The Standish Group International, Extreme Chaos,

The Standish Group International, Inc., 2000



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Root Causes of Failure

  • Separation of ICT goals and actual

    operational functions.

  • Separation of wish list and available


  • Processes that are inflexible to change.

  • Lack of IT skilled manpower (Knowledge

    transfer and continuity).

  • Lack of adequate project management

    methodologies, etc…

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How To Overcome these Obstacles?

  • By understanding Government's

    directions, goals, and opportunities.

  • By ensuring that ICT goals support

    overall Government goals.

  • By fostering a proactive organizational

    environment (Planning, Organizing…).

  • By organizing teams to work efficiently

    and effectively.

  • By adopting reputable and workable

    project development and deployment


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ICT Opportunities

  • Historic moment to catch up the ICT fast

    moving wagon.

  • Major tool for poverty reduction, accelerated

    socio-economic development & good govern.

  • Government focus to realize ICT initiatives.

    Support Programmes – WB, UN, NEPAD etc..

  • Favourable opportunities for inward

    investment (70 M. People, 40% educated work

    force, etc…).

  • Now will have perfect means to expedited.

    information and knowledge exchange (Internet,

    e-mail, multi-media, video conferencing …).

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ICT Opportunities Contd.

  • Huge potential to improve Government services.

  • Create a wealth of opportunities for various

    forms of education – tele-education, tele-

    medicine, virtual laboratories, etc.

  • Create opportunity for emergence of ICT as a

    new economic sector.

  • Manageable technology for deployment.

  • Tremendous opportunity for indigenous experts

  • Affordable prices for IT investment.

  • Political stability in the country.

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Conclusion and Recommendation

  • Recognition of ICT as a tool for prosperity.

  • Telecom sectors, Power sectors, to play leading roll in ICT Capacity Building Programmes and align their strategies accordingly.

  • Any Infrastructure building activities to focus on solutions that is reliable, scalable, affordable and manageable.

  • Liberalization of Telecom Services

  • Utilization of indigenous experts to validate technology

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Ultimate Objective

  • ICT development towards the

    creation of Information Society

  • Develop knowledge based economy

  • Access to information from any

    where by anyone at any time