gmo s in the developing world l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
GMO's in the Developing World PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
GMO's in the Developing World

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 9

GMO's in the Developing World - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 590 Views
  • Uploaded on

Presentation looks at GMO's role in helping developing countries

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'GMO's in the Developing World' - guest618


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
outline
Outline
  • GMO’s and what they are
  • World hunger/poverty – Problem?
  • GMO Positives
  • GMO Negatives
  • GMO’s role in helping with hunger
  • Conclusion
what are gmo s and where did they come from
What are GMO’s and where did they come from
  • GMO – Genetically Modified Organism
    • A living organism that has been genetically altered using molecular genetics techniques such as gene cloning or protein engineering.
  • History
    • 1973 1st recombinant DNA organism
    • 1986 1st field tests of genetically engineered plant (tobacco in Belgium)
    • 1992 Flavr Savr tomato approved by USDA
    • 1997 GMO soybeans become widely used
    • 2002 128 million acres planted to GMO crops
  • Currently
    • GMO’s have continued to play a large role in crop production
    • In 2005 52% of corn, 79% of cotton, and 87% of soybean acres were planted to GM seed.
world hunger issues
World Hunger Issues
  • Over 850 million people worldwide are undernourished
  • This number is expected to increase (especially in developing countries)
    • Increase in food prices
    • Biofuels production
  • Poverty leads to hunger which ultimately leads back to poverty
  • 75% of people living in poverty/hunger live in rural areas
  • Overall lack of food security in underdeveloped countries
    • Government
    • Can’t produce enough themselves
    • Increasing population

Can GMO’s Help This Problem?

gmo benefits positives
GMO Benefits/Positives
  • Declining area of land for production
    • New technologies needed to increase crop yield
  • GMO’s proven to reduce harmful pesticide use
    • HT soybean – 10% reduction
    • BT cotton – 60% reduction
  • Average yield increase
    • Plant architecture
    • Enhancing fertilizer, pesticide, and water efficiencies
    • Molecular hybridization
  • Improved nutritional value (golden rice)
  • Higher levels of oil – boost feed efficiency
  • Cost savings – boost farm incomes for rural farmers
  • Pest control (Bt)
gmo concerns negatives
GMO Concerns/Negatives
  • Risk of invasiveness to the environment
  • Risk of losing biodiversity
  • Possible allergens
  • Ethical issues
  • Over-dependence on seed companies
  • Loss of foreign markets (EU)
  • Inadequate research opportunities in developing countries
  • Government policies
  • Opinions of biotechnology
gmo s in the developing world7
GMO’s in the Developing World
  • GMO’s scale neutral
  • Contribute higher yields
  • Dependable
  • Less environmental pressure
  • Safety
  • Food Security
  • Better nutrition
  • Growth
  • Developing countries showing growth
    • 1996 – 2001 2.8 million hectares to about 19 million hectares
conclusion
Conclusion
  • Biotech has both positive and negative aspects
  • Could improve food security of developing countries
  • More research and education needed
  • Has come a long way and likely will continue to grow in the future
  • Has hurdles to jump yet
references
References

"History of Genetic Engineering". American Radio Works. 2-26-09 <http://americanradioworks.publicradio.org/features/gmos_india/history.html>."Biotechnology".

USDA. 2-26-09 <http://www.usda.gov/documents/BIOTECHNOLOGY.pdf>.

Chaturvedi, Sachin, S.R. Rao. "Biotechnology and International Trade Regime: Options before Developing Countries". Asian Biotechnology and Development Review 9-31.

TOLLENS, Eric, Matty DEMONT and Rony SWENNEN. "AGROBIOTECHNOLOGY IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES:". Katholieke University Leuven December 2003:

Phipps, R.H., and J. R. Park. "Environmental Benefits of Genetically Modified Crops: Global and European Perspectives on Their Ability to Reduce Pesticide Use". Journal of Animal and Feed Sciences, 2002. Vol.11, pages 1-18