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CD9: Health, Safety and Nutrition for Young Children Ch 9 and 10: Safety and Accident Management Why Do We Manage Safety? Unintentional injuries are leading cause of death in children Accidents are preventable!! Different needs at each age and stage Equipment Controlling the environment

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cd9 health safety and nutrition for young children

CD9: Health, Safety and Nutrition for Young Children

Ch 9 and 10:

Safety and Accident Management

why do we manage safety
Why Do We Manage Safety?
  • Unintentional injuries are leading cause of death in children
  • Accidents are preventable!!
  • Different needs at each age and stage
    • Equipment
    • Controlling the environment
    • Developing self discipline
    • Chart, pg 219-210
how do we manage safety
How Do We Manage Safety?
  • Identify and Manage risks
  • Quality Supervision
  • Relevant Safety Education
managing risks
Managing Risks
  • Plan the environment
  • Prepare, pre-judge and test activities
  • Follow safety rules (chart pg 224)
  • Use safe (non-broken) toys and materials
quality supervision
Quality Supervision

Dionne’s “Three Point Playground” strategy

Flexible, team-based supervision plan

Make supervision decisions based on

materials used and available

activity type

activity location

children’s age

children’s choices of equipment

playground supervision
Playground Supervision

What decisions would you make?

What would you train your staff to do if this was your play ground?

relevant safety education
Relevant Safety Education
  • Structured safety activities
    • Fire and Earthquake
    • Playground and fieldtrips
    • Food safety
  • Parent workshops
  • Community Resources
  • Safety “Teachable Moments”
  • Re-educate if the environment changes
how do we assess safety
How Do We Assess Safety?
  • Toys and learning materials
  • Outdoor play equipment (pg 228)
  • Art materials (pg 235)
  • Size and quality of available toys

(pg 229)

  • Weekly inspections of all equipment
    • Remove all broken or questionable items
    • Safety Checklist (pg 232 – 233)
what are the legal issues of safety
What are the Legal Issues of Safety?
  • Fieldtrips
  • Animals in the classroom environment
  • Sign-in & sign-out / emergency consent
  • Accident and injury documentation
  • Accident and injury reporting to parent
  • Liability and negligence (pg 237)
safety resources
Safety Resources
  • National Center for Injury Prevention and Control
  • National Program for Playground Safety
  • MedLine
  • US Consumer Product Safety Commission
  • McGruff Homepage
managing accidents and injuries
Managing Accidents and Injuries
  • Preventing accidents
    • Supervision
    • Quality environment environment
    • Fire chief inspections
    • Know each child
      • Health enrollment forms give you information about potential safety issues
      • Daily observations and interactions
slide12
Once an accident has occurred
    • Care for the child
    • Document
    • Report to parents
document document document
Document, document, document!

What changes would you make to this form?

talking with parents
Talking with Parents
  • What do you say?
  • What do you show them?
  • What care do you suggest they provide?
  • Do you have them sign the documentation?
handling injuries or accidents in the classroom
Handling injuries or accidents in the classroom
  • ABCs of first aid…
    • __________
    • __________
    • __________
    • __________
    • __________
    • __________
    • __________
    • __________
  • ABCs of first aid!
    • Asthma
    • Diabetes
    • Seizures
    • Choking
    • Head injury
    • Poisoning
    • Burns
    • Bleeding

Call 911 for everything life threatening or if you are unsure of what to do

barriers to accident care
Barriers to Accident Care
  • Lack of knowledge
  • Lack of training
  • Fear of consequences
the role of the teacher
The Role of the Teacher
  • What is your commitment to preventing accidents and injuries?
  • What skills and knowledge do you need?
  • What can you do to improve the quality of your center or home to reduce accidents and injuries?
  • What will you do to promote safety to the kids? Give two examples.
  • What will you do to promote safety to the parents? Give two examples.