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ITS in the United Kingdom. Neal Skelton Head of Professional Services ITS United Kingdom. UK ITS Activities - Overview. Scope of Presentation ITS development in UK Current and Future Activities Impacts and Evaluation Policy Implementation issues. ITS Development in United Kingdom.

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ITS in the United Kingdom

Neal Skelton

Head of Professional Services

ITS United Kingdom


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UK ITS Activities - Overview

  • Scope of Presentation

    • ITS development in UK

    • Current and Future Activities

    • Impacts and Evaluation

    • Policy

    • Implementation issues


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ITS Development in United Kingdom

  • 1960’s

    • Early coordinated Traffic Control

  • 1970’s

    • Urban Traffic Control (TRANSYT) in major cities

    • Motorway monitoring and CCTV

  • 1980’s

    • SCOOT dynamic control

    • Variable message signs

  • 1990’s

    • Mobile information services to vehicles

    • Passenger information systems introduced in major cities

    • Freight vehicle fleet management including vehicle tracking

    • Driver assistance systems developed

  • 2000’s

    • Driver assistance systems available

    • Congestion charging introduced in London – 2003 and 2006

    • Commercial information systems available

    • Wide area integrated traffic management schemes


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What is ITS?

  • ITS = Intelligent Transport Systems

    • Combined Information Technology & Telecommunications

  • Applicable to road, rail, air and sea transport

    • Improves travel security and journey safety

    • Efficient transport using electronic systems to improve traffic control & enforcement of traffic regulations

    • Effective management of vehicle fleets

    • ‘On-line’ information - bus/train passengers


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ITS Technologies

  • ANPR = Automatic Number Plate Recognition

    • Terrorism / Crime / Intelligence

  • EVI = Electronic Vehicle Identification

    • Crime Reduction / Road User Charging

  • CCTV = ‘intelligent’ CCTV / EPOS / Facial Recognition / VOIP / WiIP


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ITS Technologies

  • ‘Speed’ cameras – road safety

  • ‘On–line’ travel booking

  • VMS = Variable Message Signs

    • Motorway Signs

    • Public Transport Displays

  • ‘Smart’ Ticketing

    • ‘Oyster’ Card

    • ‘Near Field’ Communication

  • Onboard ‘on-line’ technologies

    • ‘Real time’ - ‘in vehicle’ reports on status/location


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Role of ITS Technology in UK

  • Improve safety

  • Extend traveller information

  • Increase integration

  • Manage congestion

  • Improve journey time reliability

  • Reduce vehicle emissions


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UK - Passenger Kilometres Statistics

Source – ‘Integrated Transport’ White Paper (1997) – Office of National Statistics


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Travel Modes (1980 – 2005)

  • Source - ‘Transport Trends 2006’ - UK Department for Transport Publication


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Interurban Controland Monitoring

  • 6,500 miles - Motorways and Trunk Road Network

  • Motorway connects major population centres

  • Trunk roads provide

    • Regional links

    • Access to motorway

  • 1740 miles proposed - £10Bn p.a.


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(MIDAS) - MotorwayAutomatic Incident Detection

  • Notifies congestion on motorways

  • Aims to reduce collisions by 18%

  • Messages automatically removed once normal traffic flow restored

  • Ten-year plan to extend use of MIDAS to all congested motorways


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Incident management

  • Early Detection

    • CCTV, MIDAS

  • Reaction

    • VMS, Media Report

    • Internet/WAP/3G

  • Liaison

    • Emergency Services

    • Agencies

  • Analysis

    • ‘Post-Event’ review


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M25 MotorwayLane Signalling/Speed Control

Better use of Lanes Less driver stress

Improved Safety More Reliable Journeys


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Active Traffic Management and Tools

  • ATM Management

    • Infrastructure - road used safely and efficiently

    • Real-time traffic monitoring - CCTV

  • ATM Tools

    • Access management (ramp-metering)

    • Lane signalling & speed control

      • ‘Hard shoulder running’ during peak periods

    • Integrated incident response


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National Traffic Control Centre

  • Public and Private Partnerships

  • Fully operational - 2003

  • Collects ‘real-time’ data

  • Provides information to drivers

    • Variable Message Signs

    • Telephone, internet, media

    • Value Added Service Providers (VASPs)

  • National and Regional Centres

  • Decision support tools and traffic models


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Traffic Management & Control

  • National /Regional Control Centres linked to Urban Traffic Management Control systems

    • UTC, SCOOT, MOVA

  • Active monitoring

    • ‘Red Light’ & ‘Speed’ Cameras

    • CCTV camera systems

  • ‘Park & Ride’ schemes

  • Systems Integrated with Interurban Control

  • Web-site Information Services

    • Mobile Phones, Internet, Broadcast, 3rd party Suppliers


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Total Journey Information

  • Value Added Service Providers (VASPs)

    • Traveller information via own market routes

    • Pre-journey, En-Route, Destination

  • Widespread Roadside Information

    • VMS (bilingual and pictorial information)

    • Kiosks

  • Internet Protocols

  • Mobile Data

    • In-vehicle systems

    • WiFi /Wireline

    • WAP/3G /4G terminals

    • GSM

  • Broadcast Media

    • Digital TV/Radio - RDS-TMC

    • DAB


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ITS Impacts and Evaluation

  • ‘Transport Direct’

  • Traffic and Travel Information Centres

  • Integration of modes

  • ‘Real-Time’ web-based information

  • ‘In-vehicle’ Information

  • Multi-Modal Mobile Information

  • Interactive TV Services


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Road Traffic – Vehicle Types

  • Volumes - Billion vehicle kilometres

  • Source – Department for Transport - Transport Statistics Great Britain (2006)


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Key issues and future considerations

  • EU Initiatives

    • 7th Framework Programme

    • CO2 Emissions

    • ‘Galileo’ – EU GNSS Satellite Network

    • ‘EU Transport Policy for 2010’ - Sustainable Mobility

  • Congestion – cost £17Bn p.a.

    • Road User Charging

  • Environment – ‘carbon footprint’

  • Government publications

    • ‘Stern’ Report – environmental impact

    • ‘Eddington’ Report – sustainable transport

    • ‘Intelligent Infrastructure Systems’ - Foresight Project


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ITS in the United Kingdom

Thank you for your attention

Neal Skelton

ITS United Kingdom