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golden oldies. re-enactment. Star Trek conventions (simulacra?) museums. Tim Dant ... architecture, art, advertising,fashion, television, pop music...

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teaching sociology today what is postmodernism and how do you teach it

Teaching Sociology TodayWhat is Postmodernism and how do you teach it?

Tim Dant

Sociology, University of Lancaster

Tim Dant - Sociology - Lancaster

introduction
introduction
  • postmodernism: cultural movement
  • Jencks 1987
  • key ideas:
    • simulation (Baudrillard)
    • nostalgia (Jameson)
    • loss of grand narratives (Lyotard)

Tim Dant - Sociology - Lancaster

modernism
modernism
  • forward looking:
    • progressive, new, designed, human principle, iconoclastic (James Joyce)
    • architecture: rectangular, glass + steel
  • rational:
    • calculative, powerful, systematic
  • undecorative:
    • manmade materials, hard lines, functional

Tim Dant - Sociology - Lancaster

slide4

Seagram Building,

New York

1958

Mies van der Rohe

Tim Dant - Sociology - Lancaster

slide5

Herbert F. Johnson

Museum of Art at

Cornell University

1973

I.M.Pei

Tim Dant - Sociology - Lancaster

slide6

World Trade Centre

1970

Minoru Yamasaki

Tim Dant - Sociology - Lancaster

slide7

Vanna Venturi House

  • Robert Venturi
  • 1961-64
  • unsymmetrical
  • classic references

Tim Dant - Sociology - Lancaster

postmodernism
postmodernism
  • nostalgic references back
    • classical, modern, traditional
  • simulation of modernism
    • borrows modernist forms
  • playful – no grand narrative
    • mix of styles, references

Tim Dant - Sociology - Lancaster

slide9

AT&T headquarters

International Style

‘Chippendale’ pediment

1984

Philip Johnson

Tim Dant - Sociology - Lancaster

slide10

New York,

New York Hotel

Las Vegas

1997

Tim Dant - Sociology - Lancaster

modernity postmodernity
modernity + postmodernity
  • modern-ism, postmodern-ism
    • cultural movements
  • modern-ity, postmodern-ity
    • periods of history
  • critique of modernity  postmodernity
    • inhumanity of rationality, system

Tim Dant - Sociology - Lancaster

postmodernity
postmodernity
  • a development of modernity
    • incoporation of critique
  • sociology:
    • globalisation
    • complexity
    • knowledge
    • surveillance

Tim Dant - Sociology - Lancaster

economy and culture
economy and culture
  • new economy
    • based on taste, ideas, aesthetics?
    • production of knowledge
    • new technologies, new bureacracies
    • flows of resources, information, products
    • liquid, mobile, complex

Tim Dant - Sociology - Lancaster

postmodernism simulation
postmodernism: simulation
  • simulation - Baudrillard
    • imitation, copy, appearance of reality
    • substitution for the real
      • brick façade simulating brick building
      • ceramic tiles simulating limestone or wood
    • ‘precession of simulacra’
      • simulation precedes the real - Disneyland
  • fakery, feigning, pretending…

Tim Dant - Sociology - Lancaster

real or copy
real or copy?
  • signifier of something?
  • Disneyworld, “Celebration”
  • New York, New York hotel
  • war: war games, video games, video images
  • cloning, genetic modification
    • who is the real human?
  • Twin Towers… in Beijing

Tim Dant - Sociology - Lancaster

slide17

World Park

Beijing, China

Tim Dant - Sociology - Lancaster

postmodernism nostalgia
postmodernism: nostalgia
  • nostalgia: Jameson
  • repackaging the past,
    • pop culture replayed
    • Elvis - 1997 concert…
    • Elvis impersonators…

Tim Dant - Sociology - Lancaster

slide19

Elvis in Las Vegas (late ‘60s)

Tim Dant - Sociology - Lancaster

reliving the past
reliving the past
  • cultural logic
    • economics of recycling culture
    • golden oldies
  • re-enactment
    • Star Trek conventions (simulacra?)
    • museums

Tim Dant - Sociology - Lancaster

slide22

Marquess of Winchester’s regiment of the English Civil

War Society – Pike attack – Cliveden 2007

Tim Dant - Sociology - Lancaster

slide23

Jorvik Centre York

Tim Dant - Sociology - Lancaster

slide24

York ‘Shambles’

Tim Dant - Sociology - Lancaster

loss of grand narratives
loss of grand narratives
  • postmodernism as mix and match,
    • old and new, parody, pastiche
    • fashion: ‘supermarket of style’
  • plurality of knowledges (Lyotard)
  • grand narratives:
    • religion, political system as legitimation
    • …. but not science

Tim Dant - Sociology - Lancaster

little narratives
little narratives
  • medicine:
    • bio-medicine + alternative healing
  • no foundation, no essential principles
    • crystals…

Tim Dant - Sociology - Lancaster

slide27

Healing crystals…

Silk bag of crystals healing stones contains:

Red Jasper for Bronchitis, Cancer, Diabetes and Wasting Disease

Green Aventurine for Fever, Stress, Eczema and as a General Tonic

Sodalite for Blood Pressure(high or low) Burns, Sinus and Impotence

Hematite for Anemia, Neck Tension, Depression and Muscles

Moonstone for PMS, Fertility, Menopause and Reproductive System ….

Etc!

Tim Dant - Sociology - Lancaster

conclusions
conclusions
    • simulation
    • nostalgia
    • end of grand narratives
  • ‘pomo’ as a cultural movement
    • architecture, art, advertising,fashion, television, pop music…
    • cultural practices: design, medicine, business

Tim Dant - Sociology - Lancaster