Backlash by Chechen rebels using terrorist tactics against Russian cities ... Chechen females have participated in many of the terrorist bombing ...
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Geography 308 (Russia and Eastern Europe)
Professor Zoltan Grossman
University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire
Tension, Disilutionment, and Hope in the Age of Uncertainty
Chuvash in Chuvashia
Tartars in Tartarstan
Bashkirs in Bashkortostan
Main Ethnic Republics in Russia
These Republics Have Their Own Autonomy (not
independence) And Live At Peace With Russia. However, “Threats” Persist From The Muslim South
These woman themselves are said to have lost everything in the
Chechen war. With their husbands and male family members dead,
some of these women extremists have taken vengeance for their family.
40 armed terrorist, 18 of which
were woman took 900 people
hostage in Moscow Theater
Russian Special Forces pumped
a narcotic gas in the theater.
After the gas was used they
raided the theater…….
passed out due to the gas were shoot In the head
because of the danger of explosives strapped to
them. Others were killed or seized in a shootout.
Two Female Suicide Bombers
kill 16 people at a rock festival
Two Airplane Crashes
August 25 2004
90 people dead after terrorist bombs
crashed two airplanes. Two female
Chechen passengers believed to have brought explosives onboard.
August 31 2004
A female Suicide Bomber Kills Ten People
Russian Reaction to Terrorism
Europe Which NATO Could Counterbalance
World: Europe“Russia's army: Demoralized
Low morale taking its toll on the armed forces
Borders only Antagonizes Russia.
Ivanov Questions NATO's Air Patrols
ST. PETERSBURG -- Defense Minister Sergei Ivanov on Saturday criticized NATO's expansion into three former Soviet states on the Baltic Sea and warned that NATO warplanes flying patrols over those countries create a risk of accidental incidents.
The Moscow Times.com Monday, August 16, 2004. Page 1.
Russian Border Brings into Question
If NATO is Positioning itself Against
Russia Instead of Maintaining Internal
Stability in the Bordering Republics.
Protest against NATO Bombing In Serbia, 1999
Protest against war in Iraq, 2003
This Could Obstruct Democratic Development
and Aid in Arousing Russian Nationalism?
Increased Threat of Nuclear Conflict in Europe
Both the Drained Military Strength and Antagonism Over Deployment of NATO Troops Near Its Borders Could Necessitate Russia to Depend on Its Stockpile of Nuclear Weapons
Thursday, April 29, 1999 Published at 15:16 GMT 16:16 UK
“Russia re-affirms nuclear commitment”
Did sign Moscow Treaty in 2002
Nuclear Complex’s of Russia
Make Russia a Member of NATO
Remove the outdated divisions of
The Cold War By Expanding NATO
CAPITALISM TO AUTHORITARIANISM
“The Russian president is losing popular support over
his pension reforms and 'managed democracy”
The Christian Science Monitor
April 20th 2005
U.S. Ambassador to Russia, Alexander Vershbow’s
View on Piracy in Russia
Is T.A.T.O. too Provocative
for Russian’s ?
Or is Western Influences?
Health Minister Yurii Sevchenko:
"Only about 20 percent of the population is healthy,"
“Chechen Based Terrorist,” Council on Foreign Relations, 2004 http://cfrterrorism.org/groups/chechens.html (Date last accessed 4/14/05).
“Chechen Terrorist Actions,” Public Opinion Foundation Database, 2003
http://bd.english.fom.ru/cat/societas/problem_soc/terrorism_criminality/act_terrorism (Date last accessed 4/14/05).
Splidsboel-Hansen, Flemming. “The Official Russian Concept of Contemporary Central Asian Islam: The Security Dimension.” Europe-Asian Studies 49, no. 8 (1997) : 1501-1517
“Russian Siege Footage: Your reaction,” BBC News, 2004.
http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/talking_point/3624494.stm (Date last accessed 4/14/05).
Cornell, Svante E. “International Reaction to Massive Human Rights Violations: The Case of Chechnya.” Europe-Asia Studies 51, no. 2 (1999) : 85-100
Blagov, Sergei. “Russia Views N.A.T.O Expansion as Strategic Threat,” PINR, 2004
(Date last accessed 4/15/05).
McCalla, Robert B. “NATO’s Persistence after the Cold War.” International Organization 50, no. 3 (1996) : 445-475
http://www.csmonitor.com/2005/0119/p01s03-woeu.html (Date last accessed 4/12/05).
“Travel to Europe,” (sic, Rice’s Russian and Europe trip) U.S. Department of State, 2005 http://www.state.gov/secretary/trvl/44482.htm(Date last accessed 4/22/05).
Herd, Graeme P. “Russia and the Politics of Putinism.” Journal of Peace Research 38,no. 1 (2001) : 107-112
“Vershbow Urges Russia to Enforce Intellectual Property Rights,” International Information Programs, 2003 http://usinfo.state.gov/ei/Archive/2004/Jan/08- 244490.html (Date last accessed 4/12/05).
Population statistics (growth, birth, death, and fertility rate) derived from CIA World Fact Book http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/rs.html
Rural famines, war, and abortion statistics derived from: “Country Studies,” Library of Congress, 1996 http://lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/rutoc.html (Date last accessed 4/30/05).
“Only 20 percent of Russians Healthy,” CDI Russian Weekly, 2003 http://www.cdi.org/russia/271-21.cfm
(Date last accessed 4/23/05).
Photos taken from google.com, yahoo.com, and msn.com image sites. Examples of headings used to find images were “Russia,” “terrorism in Russia,” “NATO expansion,” etc. I also copied pictures from news articles pertinent to issues in my presentation.