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Assessment of the computer, website, Internet, library usage, and NLM awareness and ... Assessing the technology, library usage, and NLM awareness/knowledge ...

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Coppin State University

e-Health Project



eHealth Conference

June 10, 2008

Coppin State University eHealth Education Project

Professor Betsy D. Simon, M.S., CHES, CPP

Principal Investigator/Project Director

Scott Jackson Dantley, Ph.D., Project Evaluator

Coppin eHealth Educators


coppin state university ehealth presentation overview
Coppin State University eHealth Presentation Overview

Overarching Goal & Supportive Goals

Statement of Problem

Student Assessment Component

CSU’s NLM Solution

Community Partnering

Project Activities


Project Deliverables


coppin ehealth project goals
Coppin eHealth Project Goals
  • Overarching Goal: Increase awareness of, access to, and use of the National Library of Medicine (NLM) online health resources.
  • Goal 1: Train Train-Of-Trainer Groups on NLM.
  • Goal 2: Increase utilization and dissemination of NLM in all undergraduate health education syllabi.
  • Goal 3: Increase awareness, access, and dissemination of NLM databases to campus and intended communities.
  • Goal 4: Measure awareness and use of NLM among campus and community participants.
CSU eHealth Project FociDiabetes, Overweight, Obesity, & Physical ActivityCharts Retrieved from NLM databases by T. Carter

Statement of the Problem(As We Began)

Diabetes affectsONE IN FOUR

African-American women

over 55-years-old.

Diabetes affects TWENTY-FIVE PERCENT of African-Americans between ages 65 and 74.



Statement of the Problem (National)

African-Americans are more likely than other ethnic

and cultural group to be diagnosed with diabetes.



Statement of the Problem (National)

African-Americans are


more likely than non-Hispanic white adults to have been diagnosed with diabetes by a physician.

African-Americans are


more likely than non-Hispanic white adults to die from diabetes.

Non-Hispanic White Males


Non-Hispanic White Males


Source: NLM, 2006

statement of problem state
Statement of Problem (State)
  • In Maryland, 9.5 percent African-American residents have diabetes, compared to 6 percent of Whites.
  • Many of those African-Americans are unable to receive the necessary health care.
  • Approximately one in every 400 to 500 children and adolescents has Type I diabetes.
  • Type II diabetes is becoming more common in among African-American children and adolescents.

Sources: MD BRFSS, 2002; USRDS Data, 2001

statement of problem local
Statement of Problem (Local)
  • Coppin State University (CSU) and Coppin Academy High School students, families, peers, and neighbors mirror the Baltimore community which is disproportionately affected by chronic diseases such as diabetes.
  • African-Americans in Baltimore City are 15 percent more likely to die from heart disease than white City residents. In Baltimore County, African-Americans are twice as likely to die from a diabetes-related illness than whites (BCHD, 2008).
  • The prevalence of diabetes in Baltimore City is being addressed as a city health crisis as indicated in City Council Resolution number 03.1177 (2003).
student assessment component
Student Assessment Component
  • Assessment of the computer, website, Internet, library usage, and NLM awareness and knowledge levels among consenting CSU HEED students.
  • Baseline – April 2008
  • Post-Intervention – August/September 2008
  • Follow-up – December 2008
research procedures
Research Procedures



The population of interest for this study consists of a convenient sample of 194 undergraduate and 4 graduate health education students from Coppin State University

research procedures continued
Research Procedures continued


The survey instrument was designed to gather information in six domains:

Demographic Information

Computer Skills and Usage

Internet and Web experience

Use of the CSU Parlett Moore or other Libraries

Use of NLM Databases

Diabetes and other Health Issues

research procedures continued13
Research Procedures continued

Measures continued

The survey included 86 multiple choice question and 10

open-ended question testing students’ knowledge of diabetes,

obesity and the importance of physical activity.


Trained Assessors administered the survey to a convenient sample of 15 health education classes selected to participate; course levels include 100, 200, 300 and 400 level courses.

research procedures continued14
Research Procedures continued


The survey was administered from April 8, 2008 to April 23, 2008. Follow ups will be done in September 2008 and December 2008. SPSS 13.0 and Microsoft Excel were used to analyze data collected. SPSS 13.0 was used to construct frequency distribution tables and the single variable analysis approach was used to illustrate overall findings.

Descriptive Statistics were used to present quantitative data collected from the questionnaire. Data was collected from ten open-ended questions into Microsoft Excel and used to measure the student’s basic knowledge of diabetes and obesity and the importance of physical activity.

sample findings computer skills internet web experience n 198
Sample Findings: Computer Skills & Internet/Web Experience (N=198)
  • Fifty-one (51%) percent (101 students) identified themselves as having good computer skills, while 31% (62 students) viewed themselves as having excellent computers skills.
  • Twenty-five (25%) percent (50 students) spent 15-30 hours per week on the Internet, while the majority, 42% (84 students) spent 6-15 hours per week on the Internet.
  • Thirty-nine (39%) percent (78 students) used the Internet daily for studying, while 48% (94 students) used the web weekly for studying.
sample findings use of the csu parlett moore or other libraries n 198
Sample Findings: Use of the CSU Parlett Moore or Other Libraries (N=198)
  • Thirty-nine (39%) percent (78 students) used the Library for studying once a week each academic semester.
  • Seventeen (17%) percent (34 students) referenced online resources at least once a month while 44% (88 students) never referenced online resources.
  • Eleven (11%) percent (22 students) used periodicals twice a semester while the majority 58% (115 students) never use periodicals.
  • Seventeen (17%) percent (34 students) used E-Databases/Indexes/E-journals twice a semester; 50% (99 students) never used E-Databases/Indexes/E-journals.
  • 9.6% (19 students) used electronic classrooms weekly each semester; 62% (123 students) never used electronic classrooms.
sample findings use of nlm databases n 198
Sample Findings: Use of NLM Databases (N=198)
  • Seventy-seven (77%) percent (154 students) never heard of the National Library of Medicine databases prior to taking the survey.
  • Seventy-three (73%) percent (145 students) identified the BMI as a method to estimate critical fat values.
  • Fifty-three (53%) percent (104 students) identified Google as their main online source.
  • Twenty (20%) percent (40 students) identified WebMD as their main online source.
  • Eleven (11%) percent (21 students) of participants identified Yahoo as their main online source.
  • Sixteen (16%) percent (29 students) used others sources.
sample findings diabetes and physical activity n 198
Sample Findings: Diabetes and Physical Activity (N=198)
  • Seventy (70%) percent (138 students) listed at least one sign of diabetes, while 30% left this section of the survey blank.
  • Seventy-five (75%) percent (148 students) listed one or more types of diabetes.
  • Fifty-one (51%) percent (100 students) identified the importance of the releasing of insulin into the blood stream.
  • Seventy-three (73%) percent (145 students) identified the BMI as a method to estimate critical fat values.
sample findings diabetes and physical activity n 19820
Sample Findings: Diabetes and Physical Activity (N=198)
  • Fifty-seven (57%) percent (113 students) identified 30 minutes as the amount of physical activity recommended for adults by the Guidelines for Americans (CDC).
  • Thirty-one (31%) percent (62 students) identified 60 minutes as the amount of physical activity recommended for children by the Guidelines for Americans (CDC).
  • Thirty-four (34%) percent (68 students) identified 26.6-29.9 as a body mass index considered overweight.
  • Twenty (20%) percent (40 students) identified the percentage of Americans who report no physical activity according to CDC.
  • Seventy-five (75%) percent (148 students) identified that the health status of minorities has a direct impact on the health of the majority.
in summation
In Summation

These preliminary findings support our original premise that students are not aware of the massive resources offered by the National Library of Medicine Databases.

Further analysis of the data will enable us to design a needs based awareness and knowledge transfer service model that will improve NLM databases access and utilization by students at Coppin State University.

coppin state university and nlm databases a part of the solution
Coppin State University and NLM Databases A Part of the Solution

NLM Databases are being used by persons trained through the UNCFSP/NLM ACCESS Project, sponsored by the CSU eHealth Project, and designed to train others.

NLM on-line resources are being accessed for academic, personal, and familial purposes; proving to be an empowering experience.

Coppin State University uses its role as the leader of the educational corridor for the surrounding communities (Baltimore City Data Collaborative, 2006) to partner with key stakeholders.

Coppin students are being introduced to NLM in health education classes and through campus-wide activities.

The VMC Model of Engagement enables an equal partnering with underserved communities which will help to ensure long term sustainability.


community partnering examples a sustaining tool
Community Partnering (examples)A Sustaining Tool

Addie Johnson, Principal

The Woodbourne Center

Walter O. Ginn, Placement Coordinator

Baltimore City Department of Social Services

Michelle N. McEachern, Executive Director

Coppin Heights Community Development Corporation

Tonya Johnson, Director

Baltimore City Health DepartmentHealth Education & Outreach

William Howard, Principal

Coppin Academy High School

the village model the participants engagement plan
The Village ModelThe Participants Engagement Plan

The Village Model of Engagement is being used to increase the utilization of NLM Databases by the Coppin family and community residents.

The Model is a highly structured ecological program that is termed the Village Model of Care (VMC) founded and developed by Betsy Simon (Simon, Owens, 1995 UP), and guided by the African concept, “It Takes a Whole Village to Raise a Child” (Dickerson, 1995; Daley, et al., 1995).

VMC had been used in community, faith-based, and school-based settings for a number of years prior to its use as a research and program evaluative model for youth and their families from at-risk communities (seamless funding-NIDA, CSAP, NINR via Friends Research Institute 1993 to the present).

project activities phase i start up nlm awareness training highlights
Project Activities Phase I Start-Up, NLM Awareness & Training Highlights

July – September 2007

  • eHealth Grant Proposal Review Session
  • Infused health disparities and NLM Databases into HEED Syllabi
  • Conducted NLM Sessions for Health Education faculty
  • Recruitment and Training of Student eHealth Educators
  • UNCFSP/NLM Orientation and Grant Award Announcement Program
  • Health Education NLM infused course syllabi distributed to students

October 2007

  • Campus Meetings/Trainings with CSU eHealth Educators
  • ORISE NLM On-Site Training for eHealth Team (30 participants)

November – December 2007

  • eHealth Team and eHealth Educators Trainings and Meetings
  • End of Semester Student Led NLM Awareness & Health Education Forum
  • Video Teleconference-Dr. Dantley, Dr. Powell, et al
project activities phase ii research training assessment and intervention highlights
Project Activities Phase II: Research, Training, Assessment, and Intervention Highlights

February -April 2008

  • CSU eHealth Educators Trainings-D. Curbeam, Instructional Technologist
  • Webnair Teleconference with Dr. Powell, et al
  • CSU eHealth Team/Educators Trainings and Meetings
  • Site Visit from Dr. Powell (March 12, 2008)
  • IRB Approval for Assessment (March 31, 2008)
  • Training Session and OJT for Assessors by FRI (April 8, 2008)
  • Fifteen HEED Classes Assessed (April 8, 2008 – April 21, 2008)
  • Thirteen In-Class NLM Databases Presentations by eHealth Educators
  • Professor Simon, PI, and Kamilah Dickens, eHealth Educator, presented NLM/eHealth for Faculty Research Committee at Brown Bag Lunch
project activities phase iii campus sharing community out reach training and ehconference
Project Activities Phase III: Campus Sharing, Community Out-Reach, Training, and eHConference

May 2008 – July 2008

  • 4th Annual CSU Students Mentor for a Day with VMC/ALC (May 7, 2008)
  • End of Semester Student Led HEED Forum supported by NLM Databases (May 7, 2008-evening and May 8, 2008-day)
  • Final examination with permission to use NLM online resources (group exam/two upper level HEED classes, May 13, 2008)
  • Next Phase eHealth Team Luncheon Meeting (May 27, 2008)
  • Mini-Training Institute for eHealth Educators (June 4, 2008)
  • eHealth Conference in Bethesda Maryland (June 9-10, 2008)
project activities phase iv interventions and sustainability highlights
Project Activities Phase IV: Interventions and Sustainability Highlights
  • NLM information/facts mailing to participants (July 2008)
  • Launch eHealth Website & continued Marketing (July 2008)
  • NLM Awareness & Factual session (campus-wide, August)
  • Post-Assessment for Coppin HEED student participants
  • eHealth NLM Sessions for Community (September 2008)
  • Campus/Community eHealth Conference (September)
  • Community Presentations Continue
  • Follow-up Assessment for Coppin HEED student participants
  • National Diabetes Goal Champion Activities Begin (CSU invited)
  • COPPIN GOES FLAT by Eliminating Belly Fat Campaign
  • December 2008 & Beyond – Sustainability Initiatives continue.
csu ehealth project deliverables
CSU eHealth Project Deliverables
  • VMC Peer eHealth Educators Manual
    • Youth through older adults teams
    • How to Establish, Train, and Monitor teams
  • NLM Peer eHealth Educators Presentation PowerPoint *
  • NLM infused Health Education Course Syllabi (lower and upper level courses)
  • NLM HEED Faculty Presentation PowerPoint **
  • eHealth Campus Community NLM Awareness Conference Proceedings
csu ehealth project deliverables30
CSU eHealth Project Deliverables
  • Publications
    • Feasibility of using urban HBCU undergraduates and eHealth Technology as a strategy for campus to community outreach
    • Assessing the technology, library usage, and NLM awareness/knowledge levels of urban HBCU undergraduates
    • eHealth baseline, post, and follow-up survey
  • Annotated Timeline for NLM infusion on an HBCU campus and surrounding communities

*Special Appreciation to Dionne Curbeam, Instructional Technologist, OIT, for CSU Peer eHealth Educators PowerPoint Presentation, design, development, and training.

**Special Appreciation to Professor Antoinette W. Coward, Health Education Instructor, CSU, for HEED Faculty PowerPoint Presentation, design and development.

nlm conference testimonies csu student ehealth educators
NLM Conference Testimonies*CSU Student eHealth Educators

Sherrie Alford

Christin Braswell

Tierra Carter

*Onsite at June 10, 2008 eHealth Conference

  • Kamilah Dickens
  • Lakiesha Williams
  • Joyce Castro


special acknowledgements and appreciation to
Special Acknowledgements and Appreciation To:

Dr. Sadie Gregory

University Provost and Vice President of Academic Affairs

Dr. Reginald Avery

University President


All Persons that supported the eHealth Project

csu ehealth educators
Sherrie Alford

Christin Braswell

Tierra Carter

Joyce Castro

Shante’ Corbitt

Yvette Davis

Kamilah Dickens

Eyituoyo Ebigbeyi

Taneka Lee

Candice Sewell

Paul Williams

Lakiesha Williams

CSU eHealth Educators
project staff
Project Staff

Professor Betsy D. Simon, M.S., CHES, CPP

Principal Investigator and Project Director

Scott Jackson Dantley, Ph.D.

Project Evaluator

Sherrie Alford

Administrative Assistant

Professor Antoinette W. Coward

Process Recorder

Carolyn McGlotten

Budget Manager and Public Forum Facilitator


project staff35
Project Staff

Robernette Smith

Head of Reference Services, Parlett Moore Library

Emanuel Owusu-Sekyere

Director, Information Technology Services

Abby Byrnes

Instructional Technology Trainer

Dionne Curbeam.

Instructional Technology Trainer

Tahira Rashid

Assessment Facilitator


consulting and resource personnel
Consulting and Resource Personnel

Edna Simmons, Ed.D., Chairperson

Department of Health, Physical Education, Recreation & Dance

Mary Wanza, Ph.D., Director

Parlett Moore Library

Scott Jackson Dantley, Ph.D., Interim Associate Provost

Office of Academic Affairs and Office of Planning and Accreditation

Ahmed El-Haggan, Ph.D., Vice President

Division of Information Technology

Joann Christopher-Hicks, Ed.D., Associate Vice President

Division of Student Affairs

James Roberts, Acting Vice President

Division of Institutional Advancement

community partnerships
Community Partnerships

William Howard, Principal

Coppin Academy High School

Walter O. Ginn, Placement Coordinator

Baltimore City Department of Social Services

Michelle N. McEachern, Executive Director

Coppin Heights Community Development Corporation

Tonya Johnson, Director

Baltimore City Health Department, Reproductive Health

Health Education & OutreachDepartment

Addie Johnson, Principal

The Woodbourne Alternative Learning Center