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U. S. Studies II Chapter 16 Review Game. A devotion to the interests and culture of one’s nation. . Nationalism . A1. Small privately owned farms were combined into large government owned farms. . Collectivization . A2. Elimination of anyone who threatened power. . Purge. A3.

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U. S. Studies II Chapter 16 Review Game

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    1. U. S. Studies II Chapter 16 Review Game

    2. A devotion to the interests and culture of one’s nation. Nationalism A1

    3. Small privately owned farms were combined into large government owned farms. Collectivization A2

    4. Elimination of anyone who threatened power. Purge A3

    5. In the years between the two world wars, what happened to most of the new democracies? Failed due to lack of experience A4

    6. A political philosophy that advocates a strong, centralized, nationalistic government headed by a powerful dictator. Fascism A5

    7. Characteristic of a political system in which the government exercises complete control over its citizens. Totalitarianism A6

    8. Why would many middle to upper-class people support the Fascist movements in their countries? Middle and Upper classes feared Communism more than they disliked the Fascists. A7

    9. After the League of Nations condemned the aggressive acts of Japan and Germany, what did both Japan and Germany do? Both Japan and Germany quit the League of Nations. A8

    10. What caused militarist leaders to gain control of the Japanese government in the early 1930s? Hideki Tojo’s appointment as prime minister. A9

    11. How did Germany’s actions in Europe inadvertently assist Japanese expansionists in Asia? French, Dutch, and British colonies lay unprotected in Asia. A10

    12. Political phrase for the “Third German Empire.” Third Reich B1

    13. What were the two main points of Hitler’s Mein Kampf? Racial Purity and National Expansion B2

    14. Why did Britain and France adopt a policy of appeasement toward Germany? Wished to avoid war with Germany. B3

    15. Pictorial Daily Double Actress: Julia Roberts B4

    16. Pictorial Daily Double Entertainment: The Grinch B5

    17. According to Mein Kampf, what groups cold be considered as “inferior”? Jews, Slavs, and nonwhites B6

    18. In Germany, what effect did the Nuremberg Laws have? German Jews were stripped of citizenship, jobs, and property. B7

    19. For German Jews wishing to emigrate out of Germany, what problems did they run into? Other nations set quotas on the number of German Jews they would accept. B8

    20. In following a policy of appeasement, what did Britain and France do? Submitted to Hitler’s demands. B9

    21. Concerning the groups the Nazis targeted, why were Jehovah Witnesses considered as enemies of the state? Due to religious beliefs, this group refused to serve in the army and to salute Hitler. B10

    22. German Air Force Luftwaffe C1

    23. Sudden and massive attack with combined air and ground forces, intending to achieve a quick victory. Blitzkrieg C2

    24. Which nation (s) signed a nonaggression pact with Germany that led to the invasion and division of Poland? Soviet Union C3

    25. What happened during the Battle of Britain? Germany bombed Britain for two months C4

    26. How did Hitler rationalize the taking of the Sudetenland to the German people and the world? Czechs were abusing German-Speaking people C5

    27. How did Italy follow the aggressive actions of its neighbor Germany? Italy invaded one of the last independent nations in Africa, Ethiopia. C6

    28. How did the Axis Powers hope to keep the United States out of the war? By forming an alliance, the Axis Powers created a “two ocean war” for the United States. C7

    29. Pictorial Daily Double Actor: Russell Crowe C8

    30. Pictorial Daily Double Musician: Cheryl Crow C9

    31. To what was Winston Churchill referring to when he was quoted, “Never in the field of human conflict, was so much owed by so many to so few.” Battle of Britain C10

    32. Opposition to political and economic entanglements in other countries. Isolationism D1

    33. How can you accurately reflect Roosevelt’s feelings toward the war? He wanted to help the Allies, but had to appease U.S. citizens who opposed entering the war. D2

    34. What was the Lend-Lease Act? A policy allowing the president to provide arms to certain foreign countries. D3

    35. Audio Daily Double Entertainer: Madonna D4

    36. What was the Atlantic Charter? A statement of war aims compiled by President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill. D5

    37. Who or what did President Roosevelt describe as the “rattlesnakes of the Atlantic”? German U-Boats and their crews. D6

    38. How did Congress prepare the United States for war? Congress boosted defense spending and ordered the institution of a military draft. D7

    39. Why did President Roosevelt risk war the Axis Powers with his “unneutral acts” trying to aid Britain and the Soviet Union? If the U.S. did not support Britain and the USSR, the U.S. would be alone against the Axis Powers. D8

    40. What new technology helped to protect U.S. convoys in the Atlantic Ocean? Convoys and Sonar D9

    41. How might the U.S. embargo pushed Japan to attack the United States at Pearl Harbor? By cutting of oil to Japan, Japan could not feed its war machine. D10

    42. Political leader of the United States at the beginning of World War II: Franklin D. Roosevelt E1

    43. Leader of the Fascist government in Italy. Benito Mussolini E2

    44. Leader whose totalitarian regime was based on a communist philosophy. Joseph Stalin E3

    45. Leader whose political philosophy was based on both nationalism and racism. Adolph Hitler E4

    46. British leader that made concessions to Hitler in hopes of ending German aggression. Neville Chamberlain E5

    47. French general that set up a government in exile after the fall of France. Charles de Gaulle E6

    48. Japanese Prime Minister that pushed for Japanese Expansion. Hideki Tojo E7

    49. British leader who opposed a policy of appeasement with Germany. Winston Churchill E8