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Upgrading PC Operating Systems: Win 95/98. Questions to be addressed. When do we upgrade? Deployment Priorities: What constituencies first?: students, labs, classrooms, faculty, administrative offices? What applications will no longer run with an XP upgrade? Are they critical?

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questions to be addressed
Questions to be addressed
  • When do we upgrade?
  • Deployment Priorities:
    • What constituencies first?: students, labs, classrooms, faculty, administrative offices?
  • What applications will no longer run with an XP upgrade?
    • Are they critical?
    • Are there upgrades available?
Questions to be addressed
  • What User Interface? Custom or Classic?
  • What global user settings and group policies need to be established?
  • What should be available for user customization?
  • When is the best time to upgrade faculty?
  • How should training be offered to faculty and staff?
what are our options
What are our options?
  • Move to Windows XP
  • Stay at Windows 98
why must we upgrade
Why must we upgrade?
  • Microsoft will no longer support Win 95 as of December 2001 and Win 98 as of July 2002: no patches or improvements
  • Software developers are creating products that will take advantage of Win XP features and they will not run on Win 95/98
  • Hardware vendors support only new OS
  • 3rd party vendor device driver support for older OS disappears
what happens if we do nothing
What happens if we do nothing?
  • Future software upgrades may not run on our network
  • No technical support from Microsoft after July 2002 for Win 98 and December 2001 for Win 95
  • Service support levels will remain the same: no patches, improvements, etc.
what are the benefits of upgrading the operating system
What are the benefits of upgrading the operating system?



  • Reduced incidents of the ‘blue screen of death”: reduces the need to reboot
  • Remote support enabled
  • Integrated services to manage software installation, removal, and repair
  • Additional features
more benefits
More benefits ……
  • More stable platform
  • Increased product life
  • Improved login security for wireless and traditional networks
  • Increase performance and productivity
  • Decrease support costs and lower TCO
other windows xp benefits
Other Windows XP benefits
  • Addresses application/hardware compatibility issues (e.g. eliminates .dll conflicts)
  • Fastest Windows Yet
    • Boots faster, runs applications quicker, and resumes from hibernate/standby more rapidly than previous versions of Windows
  • Enables users to access their machine from anywhere (field offices, home, etc.)
  • For Laptop users: improved battery life, performance improvements, and device support (ie. Wireless networking)
  • Enables a remote support infrastructure
what is the difference between win xp and win 2000
What is the difference between Win XP and Win 2000?
  • Technically, Windows XP is the next version of Windows 2000, but it is positioned as an upgrade for Windows 98, 2000
  • Key component of Microsoft’s dot.net strategy
what is the difference between win xp home edition and professional
What is the difference between Win XP Home edition and Professional?
  • Windows XP Home is designed as an upgrade for Windows 9x/ME and therefore ships with the same type of consumer features found in Windows ME.
  • No robust networking features
  • Not designed for corporate networks
new features in windows xp
MSN (Instant) messenger

Copyright encoding of music

Remote access

CD burning

Audio encoding software

Digital Audio player

Video player- Win Media Play 8

Fully integrated Internet browser- IE 6.x


Data compression



New features in Windows XP
enhanced user interface
Enhanced User Interface

New Visual Design or Classic Mode

    • Designed to allow users to get the most out of their PC
    • Can retain the ‘classic’ Windows 9x interface
    • More end user customizations

Adaptive User Environment

  • Smarter Start Menu
    • Displays the most frequently used apps
    • More accessibility features for persons with disabilities
  • Taskbar Grouping
    • Multiple windows from the same application are consolidated into a single task bar button
built in utilities
Built-In Utilities
  • CD Burning
    • Easily burn CD-R and CD-RW’s from within Explorer
  • Compressed File Support
    • Create and extract compressed file folders (e.g. .zip files)
XP Control Panel - Better Knowledge Of Your Hardware

The Control Panel is organized differently than earlier versions. Related adjustments are grouped into nine categories.

if you prefer the previous version view you can choose classic view of the control panel in xp
If you prefer the previous version view, you can choose "Classic View“ of the Control Panel in XP

Windows XP:

Easy-to-use User Interface for

My Computer

remote assistance for help
XP enables you to let other people take control over your computer remotely. You can choose remote help from someone you trust, and you give them them the same level of control over your computer as if they were present in your office. To use this feature they also need to run Windows XPRemote Assistance for Help
When you invite someone to help you they are notified by email or an instant message (Windows Messenger). It is actually very fast and easy to set up a connection. First you choose whom to ask for help.

When contacting the assistant with Windows Messenger the connection is set up as soon as he/she clicks on a link reading "Accept" in the message. If email is used a small file is attached, and opening it let him/her set up the connection. You must provide the password in the email.


Change and configuration management tool in Windows XP

  • centrally-managed software installation, repair, updating, and removal;
  • user data management;
  • user settings management; and
  • Remote Installation Services (RIS), which allows administrators to remotely install the OS on client systems.
what needs to be done to upgrade from win95 98 to windows xp
What needs to be done to upgrade from Win95/98 to Windows XP?
  • Review the current infrastructure to determine all areas that will be impacted by this change
  • Create a Desktop Configuration(an image) for the office and the classrooms
  • Create new software distribution for selected OS
  • Create a Mobile Configuration
what needs to be done to upgrade from win95 98 to windows xp26
What needs to be done to upgrade from Win95/98 to Windows XP?
  • Review security issues and concerns
  • Test / Modify Configurations
  • Inform Hofstra Community
  • Provide training
  • Deploy New Operating System
  • Troubleshoot conflicts
review the current infrastructure
Review the current infrastructure
  • Software and Hardware inventory
    • Determine hardware upgrades required
    • Determine the software applications compatibility
  • Identify Interoperability issues with NetWare, and other systems on campus
  • Check version of BIOS on all systems
  • Identify all custom software applications
    • Users that install software locally on their machines will have to verify compatibility
check for system requirements and compatibility
Check for System Requirements and Compatibility

Minimum requirements

Recommended requirements

Intel Pentium (or compatible) 233 MHz or higher processor

Intel Pentium II (or compatible) 300 MHz or higher processor.

128MB of RAM

256 MB (4 GB maximum) of RAM

2-GB hard disk with 650 MB of free disk space (additional disk space required if installing over a network)

2 GB of free hard disk space

VGA-compatible or higher display adapter

SVGA display adapter and Plug and Play monitor

Keyboard, mouse, or other pointing device

Keyboard, mouse, or other pointing device

CD-ROM or DVD-ROM drive (required for CD installations)

CD-ROM or DVD-ROM drive 12x or faster

Network adapter (required for network installation)

Network adapter

check for system requirements and compatibility29
Check for System Requirements and Compatibility
  • Check the all computers have the latest BIOS that is compatible with XP
  • Advanced Configuration and Power Interface (ACPI) functionality is required
  • January through June 2002, all Hofstra PC systems will be upgraded to 256 MB of memory
application compatibility
Application Compatibility

New technologies in Win XP require that all applications be tested:

  • SCT/Banner and Novell Netware
    • Currently ONLY a Windows 2000 client available
    • Win XP client available in April 2002
  • Custom applications
  • Operational and administrative tools
  • Back-up software
applications that cannot be upgraded to win xp professional
Applications that cannot be upgraded to Win XP Professional

new versions must be purchased

  • Applications that depend on file-system filters such as antivirus software, disk tools and disk quota software
  • Custom plug and play solutions
  • Custom power-management solutions and tools
  • Network clients and services
examples of new software required
Examples of New Software required

What software products will not run with Win XP?

  • McAfee Anti-Virus
  • Many DOS applications
  • Norton Utilities
  • Others to be determined
upgrade campus equipment
Upgrade Campus equipment
  • All HP must be replaced – 315 systems = $378,000
  • 1620 systems will need memory upgrades = $36,500
design a desktop configuration
Design a Desktop Configuration

1) Create core image for a specific machine

2) Create specific image for each user type:


Lab users

Student users

Custom users

Laptop users

3) Test each image in a variety of locations

4) Test network distribution of software against the image

design a mobile computer configuration
Design a Mobile Computer configuration

Determine user settings:

  • for faculty who bring laptops to classrooms
  • Remote connect to office system
  • Develop a pilot and test
test os images in a variety of settings
Test OS Images in a variety of settings
  • In the classroom
  • In faculty, staff and administrative offices
  • With specialized software applications
determine the appropriate security strategy
Determine the appropriate security strategy
  • Many new network based services must be studied and tested for security implications
  • Full TCP/IP stack like UNIX, and susceptible to hacking and denial of service attacks
inform the hofstra community
Inform the Hofstra Community
  • Develop project plan
    • Establish User settings
    • Create Group Policy settings
    • Establish Deployment Process and Procedures
    • Develop and Implement Pilot
  • Staged migration schedule as resources and staff become available
  • ‘Classic’ interface option will promote smoother conversion
  • Basic operations require minimal training
  • New features require training
  • An OS upgrade is required so that future software applications will work
  • OS upgrade requires the user to back up their hard drive
  • EXTENSIVE individual testing of non-Hofstra supported software applications is required by users
  • Pilot studies require user participation
proposed time line subject to project plan development
Proposed Time LineSubject to Project Plan Development
  • October 25, 2001: XP released
  • November 2001- November 2002:
    • Develop Project Plan and Pilot schedule
    • Investigate OS implications on existing software applications
    • Determine end user settings and group policies
    • Test proof of concept
  • April 2002: Banner and Novell XP client released
    • Test network and Banner applications
  • Deploy new OS for Fall 2003
for more information
For more information:
  • Paul Thurrott’s Supersite for Windows XP


  • Windows 200 Magazine


  • Infoweek:Ten Ways To Make Windows XP Run Better http://www.informationweek.com/story/IWK20011204S0009
  • WinPlanet
    • Microsoft Windows software news, tutorials, opinions, reviews, and tips.


for more information43
For more information:
  • Tom’ Hardware Guide: Windows XP


  • Difference between Win XP Home Edition and Professional


  • ZDNET Reviews and information on Windows XP



  • Microsoft XP Technical review