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Establishing Learning-Centred Education through Open Distributed Technology Enhanced Learning (ODTEL) Framework. K.R. Srivathsan, IGNOU [email protected] National Seminar on Recent Renaissance in Teacher Education                 Sri Krishna Engineering College May 17, 2009.

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Establishing Learning-Centred Education through Open Distributed Technology Enhanced Learning (ODTEL) Framework

K.R. Srivathsan, IGNOU

[email protected]

National Seminar on Recent Renaissance in Teacher Education                Sri Krishna Engineering College

May 17, 2009


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  • How to apply ICT and manage Technology Enhanced Learning (TEL) in ways that enhance quality of education has been a major challenge.

  • There is plenty of content on the Internet, Web Resources, TV Channels, EDUSAT, Mobile and SMS, Call Centres, …. Cheaper PCs, broadband access, etc.

  • Yet our universities, colleges are far from using the facilities.

  • Major needs not adequately addressed: Web-based learner support for courses, peer-2-peer students interaction through forums and web-mentoring.

  • No live Students Database and progress tracking.

     We need to understand what quality education and education systems are about in the context ICT.

Convergence and Quality Education


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E-Learning – From talks to action (TEL) in ways that enhance quality of education has been a major challenge.

Aug. 2008 at IIT Guwahati, Dr. Manmohan Singh said

  • “We are one of the youngest nations and, according to observers, India has the potential to create over 500 million trained people by 2022 which is over a fourth of the global workforce. The big opportunity for India would come from an education revolution that we must undertake as our most important national endeavor.”

  • The World of Education is undergoing a rapid and quiet transformation: How do we in India take advantage of this and synthesize a new framework of providing

     Challenge: How do we deploy and use e-Learning, open up quality education to vast numbers of students?


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SAD STATE OF OUR EDUCATION (TEL) in ways that enhance quality of education has been a major challenge.

  • Education (higher/tertiary) reduced to teaching classes against Board/university exams.

  • No agility in syllabus and students are ‘programmed’ like Artificial Intelligence Systems to ‘answer’ questions!

  • University education no longer LEARNING CENTRIC. Students tutored for ‘contrived’ university examinations. Aim at securing high pass percentages, not promoting learning and scholarship.

  • Good teachers have little say. ‘Teaching’ to prepare studnts for exams removes teacher from engaging students in Learning Activities

  • Education not connected with developments – be they in the scientific or socioeconomic sense.

     India’s Int’l Math Olympiad rank fell from 25th in 2007 to 31st in 2008. China is 1st, South Korea 2nd Why?


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IGNOU’s Vision for Education (TEL) in ways that enhance quality of education has been a major challenge.

  • “QUALITY EDUCATION TO ALL, INDEPENDENT OF GEOGRAPHY.”

    “ENABLE, EDUCATE AND EMPOWER EVERY CITIZEN AND COMMUNITY THROUGH KNOWLEDGE.”

  • Most importantly connect education to community empowerment and developments – socioeconomic, promoting values and scholarship.

  • How do we ensure our system delivers QUALITY EDUCATION?

  • How do we use all available modes of reaching and engaging learners in the course to provide a holistic education in every subject offered by IGNOU.

  • Build on IGNOU’s core strengths and the responsibilities given to it under the Parliament Act.

  • IGNOU working with NPTEL, institutions and organizations and in national programsof different kinds.


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Education To Exploit Wide Varieties Of Technologies (TEL) in ways that enhance quality of education has been a major challenge.

  • For over 10(20?) years we talk of e-learning.

  • Plenty of Technology: Laptops and Netbooks, High cap thumb drives, IP-TV, iPods, iPhones, GPRS, 3G, Broadband, Satellite, Virtualization, Green IT, etc.

  • Whole world of new Internet services/applications: Google & ever improving search engines, Open Source systems, LMS, SCIENTIFIC DATABASES, Open Content, Open Access Publishing, e-Books, …

  • Google’s Slogan: “My other computer is a Datacentre”.

  • Increasing reach and Affordability.

     How we go ahead from CONNECTIVITY &CONTENT to formal systems of Tech Assisted Learning, Teaching And Evaluation (TELTE)?  Quality Assured Instruction.


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Course (TEL) in ways that enhance quality of education has been a major challenge.

Exercises

Knowledge

Management

Course Map

& Library

TV &

Webinars

QMS &

LMS

Web Mentoring

Web

Self Study / Discovery

Content

Discussion

IOCG

Forums

Personal

Dash Board

E-Mail

& Alerts

SMS Alerts

Web

M-Learn

Resources

Group Interactions/ P2P Learning

Convergence and IGNOU Open Course Guide (IOCG)


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Foundations, Concepts, Contextual Skills (TEL) in ways that enhance quality of education has been a major challenge.

Quality

Instruction

By Teachers

Quality

Ambience

& Processes

Self-development Responsibility, Accountability

Professional Competence, Maturity

IOCG

Quality

Resources

Quality

Efforts by

Students

Laying the Basis For Quality Education

  • To make our graduates EMPLOYABLE; to be PRODUCTIVE ON THE JOB and in LIFE.

  • To observe REAL WORLD PROBLEMS, abstract the issues and apply what they have learnt and their innate sense to solve them.

 IOCG: Proposed IGNOU Open Course Guide System


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Education Grid over Regional (TEL) in ways that enhance quality of education has been a major challenge.Broadband/ ERNET or Internet

Education Grid: IITK  IIITM-K  IGNOU

Education Grid is a suite of systems and collaborative processes over a network of institutions

Resource Centre 3

Scientific

Portals

College 2

College 1

College 3

Communication Gateway & Resource Centre

National

Education Grid over Broadband ERNET/Internet (& EDUSAT?)

Network

Resource Centre 2

Computational Servers

VISTA Programs

Coordination Centre

College n

College 4

Resource Centre 1

E-Learning


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Recall Kerala Education Grid (TEL) in ways that enhance quality of education has been a major challenge.

Networkof Education Servers across colleges

Resource Centresin premier institutions.

Develop and maintainpedagogically sound refereed coursewarein identified subjects.

Deploy courseware oversubject specific Course Knowledge and Collaboration Spacein each subject over the network of Servers.

Introduce anIT facilitation layer in the University/ Higher Education System.

 Governed by quality management of Content Development and Teacher Training Processes.


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E (TEL) in ways that enhance quality of education has been a major challenge.

R

N

E

T

STPI

IGNOU Education Grid (IEG)

IGNOU/Universities/Institutions Open Study Guide & Web Collaboration Services

Education Grid Gateway Systems

Study Centres

University

College

Experts,

Mentors

* *

Tier–5: Instruction/Evaluation Management Space (Colleges, Study Centers)

Tier-4: Content Alignment & Capacity Building (AU)

R

A

I

L

T

E

L

Academic Management

Tier–3: Content/Web Resources (IGNOU, NPTEL, …)

Tier-2: Systems, Applications (Over Clouds and LAN)

Managed

Services

Tier-1: ICT Infrastructure (RailTel, TelCos, STPI, NKN)


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Leverage on Core Strengths of IGNOU (TEL) in ways that enhance quality of education has been a major challenge.

  • IGNOU practices a robust system of generating printed Self Learning Materials (SLMs) for the learners.

  • SLMs are pedagogically structured, authored by experts.

  • IGNOU’s SLMs in various courses are globally respected and also used in several open distance education programs run by the state open universities and others.

  • Regional Centres of IGNOU provide critical logistics support for Study Centres and supporting them for conducting the contact classes and examinations.

     IGNOU now faces the challenge of upgrading the above system and its best practices in the Internet era.


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Set Instructional objectives (TEL) in ways that enhance quality of education has been a major challenge.Evaluate against

Instructional Objectives

2. IGNOU

Open Course

Guide: Learning

Activities,

Exercises

5. Exams &

Evaluation

+

_

3. Self

Test

1.Instruction

Delivery

J

+

6. Assessment

Teacher – Learner Involvement in all stages

4. Feedback

to learners

IGNOU’s ODTEL: A UNIFIED E-L FRAMEWORK

Final Marks, Grade

  • Each component system is backed by appropriate ICT systems & back office services.

  • IGNOU setting up an ‘Educational Technology & Info. Services (ETIS)’ to support and service ODTEL.


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Instruction Delivery & Course Management (TEL) in ways that enhance quality of education has been a major challenge.

  • Instruction Delivery may use different modes:

    (i) Teacher taking the class uses rich content;

    (ii) Tutored Video Instruction using Recorded Video Lectures (RVL)

    (ii) IGNOU’s Self Learning Materials (SLM) and supplementary content.

    (iv) Web-accessed/DVD based content and interactive study.

    Examples: NPTEL RVLs – full suites of ~ 40 lectures per course  Visit: www.youtube.com/iit

  • Web Content: Like NPTEL or Open Courseware, Wikiversity, Curriki.org, etc.: http://nptel.iitm.ac.in

    2. Course Management: Engaging learners in disciplined ways of self study, group sessions, exercises and practice  Introducing the IGNOU Open Course Guide (IOCG) system.


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2. IGNOU Course Management Group (CMG) (TEL) in ways that enhance quality of education has been a major challenge.

Tier-4: Setting the stage for Quality ODTEL:

IGNOU Open Course Guide System

Instruction Management Cycles

4. Colleges & Study Centres

Instruction Design Cycle

Students & Teachers

24 X7 access

1.SLMs,RVLs,

MM Content,

Open Web

3. CMG to develop & Deploy IGNOU Open Course Guide (IOCG)


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Tier-4: IGNOU Open Course Guide (TEL) in ways that enhance quality of education has been a major challenge.

Course Home Page

About the Course, Prerequisites, Syllabus

Instructions to SCs, Tutors

Course Objectives

Course Evaluation approach

Course Support and Counseling details.

Sequence of Learning Modules

 Calendar & Alert Systems

Course Concept Map linking Learning Modules

Recommended Text Books,

References, Web References

Course Calendar

Instruction Team and Contact details

IOCG is implemented in IGNOU using Mediawiki


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E (TEL) in ways that enhance quality of education has been a major challenge.

X

P

L

I

C

I

T

T

A

C

I

T

Challenge of Immersing Learners in

Quality Learning Environment

  • At the end of a learning effort, a Learner should be able to say ‘I understand’  Add to his/her Tacit capabilities.

Codified Knowledge and Processes accessible over the net, paper…

Global networked Information and computational base

People’s Competencies, Communications, Feelings,

Intuitions, Social interactions, Judgment, Guestimation, People’s Real World


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Tacit (TEL) in ways that enhance quality of education has been a major challenge.

Explicit

Socialize

Externalize

Tacit

Combinational Thinking

Explicit

Internalize

Tier-3&4: IOCG Categories of Learning Activities Based Upon Tacit – Explicit Interplay

  • Adapt Nonaka’s four types of Learning Activities:

     Quality Learning with Learning Ambience nurtures above SECI  Innovations Driven Learning Environment (IDLE).

  • CMG to build the IOCG rich with pointers to case studies, learning activities, multimedia illustrations, real world situations, term papers, projects and field work.

  • Use LMS for course events management, interactions, discussion forums, assessment activities & for feedback to students.


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Tier-4: SAMPLE IOCG MODULE (TEL) in ways that enhance quality of education has been a major challenge.

Module Topic

Motivational/anecdotal content

Instructional Objectives

Learning Activities Sequencing: RVL to be played, SLM Unit, textbook sections, recommended problem set, practice, experiments, etc.

 LMS used for asynchronous Interactions and directives to students.

 Use of TV Sessions, IP-TV, Webinar driven by Calendar

Guidance for Tutorial

Monitored Self test and counseling classes for learners.

Module test (part of continuous evaluation).

  • Mid-term and end term tests conducted.

  • Computer Assisted Evaluation methods may be used.


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IOCG Over Open Wiki (TEL) in ways that enhance quality of education has been a major challenge.

IOCG Technology: A Canonical Course Management System

Course and Instruction Management Team

Learners Distributed Over Geography

SLM, LMS (Moodle), VoD, Books Web Content, Discussion Forums, QMS, etc.

 IOCG guides course related learning activities management


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IOCG as Formal TEL Academic System (TEL) in ways that enhance quality of education has been a major challenge.

  • CMG formally appointed for each course by the School.

  • CMG Prepares the IGNOU OPEN COURSE GUIDE (IOCG)

  • Relevant RVLs and content preloaded in Study Centre server and distributed to registered students in a course.

  • IOCG has built-in Course Calendar and schedule of learning and assessment activities for the course duration.

  • An LMS (MOODLE) used for Tests, assessment, individual feedback to learners.

  • Self Tests, Evaluation, Feedback counseling, Students interaction among themselves & with counselors and CMG through Discussion Forums and other means.

  • Support for M-Learning, SMS & mail Alerts for course ents.

  • Query Management System addresses personal queries.


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IOCG – a Canonical Course Management System? (TEL) in ways that enhance quality of education has been a major challenge.

  • ‘Canonical’ refers to concepts that have a kind of uniqueness or naturalness, and are "independent of coordinates."

  • An example: A Browser is canonical as an interface between user and his/her interactions with the diverse information and services in the Internet.

  • The IOCG System is canonical in the sense its structure is quite simple – at its core it is a Wiki – and it allows diverse pedagogies to be built over it.

  • Any pedagogic option may be built as statements and declarations of links to activities in the IOCG.

  • IOCG guides and coordinates the instruction team, learners and those who manage the course related resources and information.


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Tier-5: Tutored Video Instruction (TEL) in ways that enhance quality of education has been a major challenge.

  • Tutored Video Instruction (TVI) was introduced by Prof. J. Gibbons, Stanford University in 1970s.

  • TVI involves recording video lectures of class and given to students (in ‘distance’ mode) to play and listen. They need not attend the routine lectures.

  • Weekly contact, or Interaction Classes held for tutorials, small tests, answering common doubts (as expressed in a discussion forum), conducting continuous evaluation exercises, motivational topics, case studies and problem solving, etc.

  • Interaction classes may be more extended than tutorials.

  • TVI changes ‘Distance Learning’ and classroom learning to COLLABORATIVE LEARNING.

  • Studies show performance of students as a whole increases by ~ 0.6σ shift in the mean of the class.


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Tier –5: Counsellors/Teachers Guided by IOCG and Augmented by CMG Support

2. IGNOU

Course Management Group (CMG)

Instruction Management Cycles

4. Study Centres & Colleges

Content Management Cycles

Students & teachers 24X7 access

1.SLMs,RVLs,

MM Content,

Open Web

3. IGNOU Open Course Guide (IOCG)


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IOCG (Back) by CMG Support

IOCG (Front)

Towards ‘Smart’ IOCG from ACIIL

Regional Services

Support for

Study Centres

SMS Alerts &

M-Learn support

for Students, CMG,

& Instruction Team

eGyankosh &

Multimedia

Content on

Demand

Discussion

Forums, LMS

& Collaboration

Education &

IT Services

(EITS)

Web Resources

Support


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IGNOU Educational Technology and Information Services (EITS) as ‘Back Office’

Course Management Group

Teachers & Students in the subject

IOCG anchored

Course Community

Capacity Building & Linkages to R&D, Communities & Industry

Subject related Library, e-Journals and open access publications

ETIS

  • ETIS is operated under ACIIL at IGNOU – Delhi by integrating IGNOU’s existing core services.


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IGNOU Online Study Guide (IOSG) as ‘Back Office’

Discussion Forums, Online Calendar and Alert Systems

TV & Webinar Sessions

Community Radio Sessions

TV & Webinar Sessions

Community Radio Sessions

TV & Webinar Sessions

Community Radio Sessions

File/Assignments U/D

Query Management System

Counsellors Support & Web Mentoring System

Online Library and Multimedia Publishing System

Regional/Study Centres Support System

Education Technology and Information Services (ETIS)


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On the Team and ETIS as ‘Back Office’

  • Rejith R., Sukant Kole and Divya Raj provide core support for ETIS.

  • ETIS is et up under the ACIIL with K. Subramanian as its Director.

  • Supervised by: Sanjay Mishra and K.R. Srivathsan

  • Supported by Computer Division, IUC and STRIDE.

  • Madhu Prahar, Vijay Srivastava, Ramanujam associated with the support systems, learning support and services.

  • Ms. G. Mythili assisting in developing the training program.

  • An IGNOU Education Grid development facility is being set up in Room 20, Block 7 and existing IUC facilities.

     Likely to start the ‘Developmental Informatics and Web Resources Lab’ under ACIIL in a suitable location to develop and support several advanced ICT systems and services for the IEG and convergence.


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((( as ‘Back Office’

Phone

IOCG supports Integrated Multi-modal Engagement of Learners in ODTEL

2

4

Learners Anywhere

3

1

6

5

IGNOU

Kiosk/CSC access

Schools & Centres

Internet Accessed Services

TV

B

A

C

Agriculture, Health, …

IOSG

Internet

& ETIS

7

D

Access

State’s Colleges Institutions

F

E

Call

Centre

8

9


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NPTEL and IOCG Based Education Delivery as ‘Back Office’

  • Under NPTEL, the IITs/IISc are developing and posting openly content in the form of Recorded Video Lectures (RVLs) and web-accessed in ~ 250 courses posted. More courses to be developed under NPTEL Phase-II.

  • IOCG has just been started to provide a way to integrate the NPTEL and IGNOU’s content with quality education delivery.

  • IGNOU and NPTEL will announce programs for Proficiency Certificate, Diploma and Certified Instructor for teachers and interested professionals.

  • In Long term provide open support for colleges to conduct better education for thei students.

  • Make engineering and other education Learning and Learner Centric.


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“ The only irreplaceable capital an organization possesses is the knowledge and the ability of its people.

The productivity of that capital depends on

how effectively people share their competence

with those who can use it.”

- Andrew Carnegie

19th Century

 ‘The End of Education is Character.’ – Sai Baba


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ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS is the

First to IIITM-K for the years spent experimenting with diverse systems of eLearning, the Education Grid, KISSAN-Kerala and others.

Second to all those colleagues at IIITM-K, specifically Dr. Venkatesh, Shri Radhakrishnan, Shri Ajith Kumar, Shri Pradeep Kumar, Dr. Dinesh, Shri Arvind Mohan, Shri David Mathews, and several others.

Third to Vice Chancellor and Board of IGNOU and now Shri Sukant Kole, Ms. Divya Raj, Shri Rejith. R, Dr. Sanjay Mishra, Dr. VSP Srivastava and others for supporting the ongoing initiatives.


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T is the OGETHER

EVERYONE

ACHIEVES

MORE

Thank You


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