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The Rise of Fascism and WWII. 1922-1945. Aggression and the policy of Appeasement. Appeasement- The Policy of giving in to an aggressor in order to maintain peace. Why would nations choose Appeasement?. Japan . During the early 20’s Japan became more democratic, setting up a parliament

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aggression and the policy of appeasement
Aggression and the policy of Appeasement
  • Appeasement- The Policy of giving in to an aggressor in order to maintain peace.
  • Why would nations choose Appeasement?
japan
Japan
  • During the early 20’s Japan became more democratic, setting up a parliament
  • Onset of the Great Depression.-People blamed the government
  • Military rulers gained public support and gained control of the government
  • Military leaders kept Emperor as the symbol of power.
    • Use conquered territories to provide raw materials and markets for goods.
japan s strategy for dealing with crisis
Japan’s Strategy for Dealing with Crisis
  • Military leaders wanted to solve economic problems through Empire.
  • 1931- Japan invades Manchuria against the objections of Japanese Parliament
  • Manchuria rich in Iron and coal
  • Japanese set up a puppet government
international response to japan
International Response to Japan
  • League of Nations Protested
  • Deemed it a Violation of the Kellog-Briand pact- which “renounced war as an instrument of national policy.” signed by most nations except Soviet Union
  • League had no military could not enforce treaty
  • Japan withdrew from the League of Nations in 1933
japan invades mainland china 1937
Japan Invades Mainland China 1937
  • The Rape of Nanking
  • Between December 1937 and March 1938 at least 369,366 Chinese civilians and prisoners of war were slaughtered by the invading troops. An estimated 80,000 women and girls were raped; many of them were then mutilated or murdered.
european aggression and the policy of appeasement
European Aggression and the Policy of Appeasement
  • October 1935 Italy- Mussolini Attacks Ethiopia
  • Tests new Chemical weapons on Ethiopian population
  • Easily defeats Ethiopians
  • Ethiopian Ruler appealed to League of Nations for help
  • League condemned attacks but did nothing
hitler defies versailles treaty
Hitler Defies Versailles Treaty
  • Part of NAZI platform was to overturn Versailles Treaty.
  • March 1935 Hitler rearmed Germany violating the condition limiting Germany’s Army.
  • League failed to respond
the formation of the axis powers
The Formation of the Axis Powers
  • 1936 – Rome-Berlin Axis. Hitler (Germany) and Mussolini (Italy) agreed to cooperate on several international issues.
  • One month later Japan aligned itself with Germany and Italy in the Anti-Commintern Pact. (agreed to share information on Communist groups)
aggression and appeasement cont
Aggression And Appeasement Cont.
  • Hitler argued for a German Empire for Germans and claimed that Germans needed Lebensraum
  • Hitler’s Third Reich- (Desire to create a new German Empire)
  • March 1936 Hitler moves into the Rhineland
  • No response by Britain and France
  • Spanish-Civil War – Liberal regime vs. Fascist movement led by Francisco Franco
  • Hitler and Mussolini sent arms to Spain to help Franco’s movement
aggression and appeasement cont11
Aggression and Appeasement Cont.
  • Desire to annex Austria and Czechoslovakia.
  • Versailles Treaty prohibited Anschluss
  • March 1938 Hitler Annexed Austria
    • Austrian People supported the move
aggression and appeasement cont12
Aggression and Appeasement Cont.
  • September 1938 – Hitler demanded the Sudetenland from Czechsolovakia
  • Czech asked France for help
  • Munich Conference Sept. 29 1938- proposed by Mussolini -Britain, France, Germany, and Italy. (excluded Soviet Union)
  • Britain and France gave Germany the Sudetenland if Germany would respect Czech’s new borders.
  • 6 months later Hitler took all of Czech
aggression and appeasement cont13
Aggression and Appeasement Cont.
  • April 1939 - Mussolini seized Albania
  • Hitler demands Poland return the Port of Danzig.
  • Poles refused turned to Britain and France for help
  • Britain and France state that if Germany invades Poland they will go to war
non aggression pact
Non-Aggression Pact
  • Aug 23 1939 Non-aggression Pact- between Russia and Germany. Pledge not to attack each other. Hitler promised Stalin territory
  • Hitler promised Stalin Territory in the Baltic States
  • Secret agreement Germany and the Soviet Union would divide Poland between them
  • Stalin could take over Finland, Lithuania, Estonia and Latvia.
world war ii begins
World War II Begins
  • September 1st 1939 – Hitler Invades Poland
  • Sept 3rd 1939 – Britain and France declare war on Germany
slide16

The Definition of Insanity is doing the same thing over and over again and expecting a different result.