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mini test when wednesday 4 8 15 what breed id and characteristics of polled hereford angus brahman n.
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Mini Test! When: Wednesday 4/8/15 PowerPoint Presentation
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Mini Test! When: Wednesday 4/8/15

Mini Test! When: Wednesday 4/8/15

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Mini Test! When: Wednesday 4/8/15

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  1. Mini Test! When: Wednesday 4/8/15 What: Breed ID and Characteristics of Polled Hereford, Angus, Brahman

  2. Beef, it’s what’s for dinner

  3. What is a Breed? • a group of animals that have certain traits in common • color • size • body structure • place of origin • horned or polled

  4. What is a Purebred? • animals of known ancestry where all parents etc. are of the same breed • Breed associations register purebred animals, develop markets for those animals, and organize breed shows

  5. What is Crossbreeding? • mating animals of the same species, but different breeds • Angus mated to Hereford • crossbreed to achieve desired animal traits

  6. The Industry • Average US herd is 100 head • Over 40 breeds in the US, as well as crosses

  7. Texas Longhorn

  8. What are the English Beef Breeds? • Hereford - Red & white, horned or polled • most popular in the U.S. • Angus - bred to compete with Hereford • smaller cows and calves • excellent conformation (body type) • marbled meat • resistant to pinkeye & cancer eye (due to black) • Shorthorn - dual purpose breed (meat/milk) • Largest segment of the industry

  9. Hereford

  10. Polled Hereford

  11. Angus

  12. Shorthorn

  13. Other Beef Breeds • Brahman - from France • hot & humid climates • disease resistant • Charolais - large & long body, fast growth • used to increase size of English breeds • increasing in popularity due to low marbling • Santa Gertrudis - 3/8 Brahman & 5/8 shorthorn • popular in southern U.S. • Brangus - 3/8 Brahman & 5/8 Angus

  14. Brahman

  15. Charolais

  16. Santa Gertrudis

  17. Brangus

  18. What are Exotics? • animals not common to U.S. • used for increasing calf weights • importation laws restrict bringing exotics into the U.S.

  19. Beefalo

  20. Beefmaster

  21. Belgian Blue

  22. Belted Galloway

  23. Chianina

  24. Dexter

  25. Galloway

  26. Gelbvieh

  27. Highland

  28. Limousin

  29. Simmental

  30. South Devon

  31. Beef Production • Cow-Calf Production: own cows, sell weaner calves • Stocker: buy weaner calves, sell yearlings • Feedlot Finishing: buy calves, fatten, sell to slaughter house

  32. Beef Production • Cow-Calf: most common need range land calve in spring, sell calves in fall feed 2# roughages per 100# of cow weight in winter (extra for cold weather) supplement with needed proteins, minerals, vitamins feed best hay to those that need it the most (pregnant, lactating, heifers) lots of clean water & free choice salt

  33. Stocker • Step between weaning and finishing or fattening of the animals prior to slaughter • Weaned calves put to pasture for skeletal and muscular growth. Must be physically mature to go to feedlot

  34. Feedlot Finishing • place calves in feedlot 500-700# • feed high concentrates (grain) 2-4 months • slaughter at 1000-1200#

  35. Beef Terminology • A Mature Male is called a: Bull • A Mature Female is called a: Cow • The act of Giving Birth is called: Calving • Gestation = 283 days • A Castrated Male is called a: Steer • An Immature Female is called a: Heifer

  36. Evaluating Meat Animals • Loin Eye Area • Length of Loin • Rump • Height • Depth of Body • Width/Stockiness

  37. Let’s do the sheep and pigs!