AMBIENT AIR QUALITY MONITORING NETWORK Item No. 3.0
National Air Quality Monitoring Programme (NAMP) N.A.M.P. started in 1984 with 7 stations in Agra and Anpara. Presently 424 operating stations in 175 cities/towns. Parameters being monitored SO2, NO2, RSPM (PM10), SPM at all stations. Trace Metals, PAHs, NH3 in few cities; BTX, Ozone monitoring conducted in Delhi and some major cities NAMP – present scenario
NATIONAL AMBIENT AIR QUALITY MONITORING PROGRAMME (NAMP) NAMP NETWORK AT A GLANCE
NAMP Parameters Parameters monitored • Criteria pollutants viz. PM10, SO2, NO2 monitored at all (424) locations • Ammonia, CO, O3, PM2.5 and Lead monitored at few locations; • Following parameters needs to be monitored: • PM 2.5 • Benzo(a)pyrene • Carbon monoxide • Ozone • Benzene • Metals
Monitoring Programmefor additional parametersof Ambient Air Quality for next two years ( 2010-2011 & 2011-2012)
Capital and O&M Cost Financial Requirement for Strengthening the National Ambient Air Quality Network • The fund requirement for additional parameters for two years: Rs. 4329.45 Lacs. • The Financial Year wise break up is as below Financial Year 2010-2011 = Rs. 2139.5 Lacs Financial Year 2011-2012 = Rs. 2189.95 Lacs • Operation and Maintenance cost for two years is Rs.2708.652 Lacs. • The Financial Year break up is as below Financial Year 2010-2011 = Rs. 899.065 Lacs Financial Year 2011-2012 = Rs. 1809.587 Lacs
Continuous Ambient Air Quality Monitoring Stations for Non- Attainment Cities Based on Air Quality data, 72 cities are non attainment cities, where the prescribed National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) are in exceedence; As per the directions of Hon’ble Supreme Court setting up of CAAQMS in 16 cities on 50:50 cost sharing basis • Nine stations one each at Hyderabad, Mumbai, Pune, Solapur, Bangalore, Agra, Kanpur Varanasi & Ahmedabad are in operation. • Existing Kolkata station of WBPCB is upgraded. • CAAQMS at Jodhpur be commissioned by December 2010; • Remaining stations at various stages of tendering; • CPCB spent Rs. 600 Lacs for CAAQMS project in 16 cities on 50:50 cost sharing basis.
Continuous Ambient Air Quality Monitoring Station/Network. Private Participation in the Management of CAAQMS Model- I:Operation Contract - All 12 stations (Cities covered: Delhi, Lucknow, Bangalore & Chennai) • All are connected to Central Management units at CPCB Head Office, Delhi (Expenditure incurred: 11.25 crore) Model-II: Build Own & Operate (BOO) Contract (Cities covered: Ahmedabad & Mumbai) • Under implementation
Proposed expansion of CAAQMS in other Non Attainment Cities Estimated cost - CAAQMS • Each station costs Rs. 110.00 Lacs; • Of 72 Non Attainment cities, In 23 cities ongoing projects. • Estimated Capital cost for remaining 49cities will be: 49X110 Lacs=Rs. 5390 Lacs; • 12 SPCBs/PCCs proposed for Continuous Ambient Air Quality Monitoring Stations (CAAQMS) for 33 cities. The Capital cost for 33 CAAQMS installations will be Rs. 3630 Lacs. (on 50:50 cost sharing basis ) • The annual Operation & Maintenance cost of each station will be borne by the respective SPCBs/PCCs • The monitoring data of the CAAQMS will be available at SPCBs/ PCCs and CPCB website.
Issues on Ambient Air Quality Monitoring • To achieve 700 stations as specified in XIth Five year plan, SPCBs to identify sites/parameters and the additional budget requirement ; • In the next five years plan (12th FY plan).; the SPCBs/ PCCs may specify the location and cost requirement on 50:50 sharing basis; • Calibrations of equipments/instruments: • Training of manpower following quality assurance/quality control guidelines, • following standardized methods, locating stations as per guidelines; • Number of online stations to be established at residential and industrial sites; • Data and Payment Certificates gaps: The ambient air quality data as well as payment certificates must be sent timely; • For CAAQMS installed and in operation in, a standardized data transfer/processing system required for free flow of information.