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Agricultural Solid Waste Management: Basic Strategies. Mukesh Yadav 1 , Monica Puniya 2 , Aarti Bhardwaj 3 , Shalini Jain 4 and Hariom Yadav 4 1 SOS in Chemistry, Jiwaji University Gwalior, M.P.

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agricultural solid waste management basic strategies

Agricultural Solid Waste Management: Basic Strategies

Mukesh Yadav1, Monica Puniya2, Aarti Bhardwaj3, Shalini Jain4 and Hariom Yadav4

1SOS in Chemistry, Jiwaji University Gwalior, M.P.

3College of Applied Education and Health Sciences, Meerut, U.P., 2Dairy Cattle Nutrition, 4Animal Biochemistry Division

National Dairy Research Institute

Karnal-132001 (Haryana), India

slide2

Agricultural Solid Wastes

  • Field Wastes
  • Weeds
  • Straws
  • Animal Wastes
  • Animal Dung
  • Dead Bodies
  • Agro-Industrial Wastes
  • Sugar cane: Molasses, Peals
slide3

Management of agro-wastes

Biogas

Pulp and

Paper

Agro-Wastes

Bio-fertilizer

Phosphorus

and calcium

Leather

Industries

Fuel

Meat

Alcohol

production

slide4

Biogas Production

Fuel

Light

Animal Dung

Biogas plant

Biofertilizer

slide5

Biogas Cycle

Solar energy

Photosynthesis

Animal husbandry

Crop harvesting

Industrial processing

Human consumption

CO2

H2O

Biofertilizer

Energy

crops

Biogas

Organic wastes

Electrical and/or thermal energy

Anaerobic digestion

slide6

Bio-fertilizers production

Bio-Fertilizers

Biogas

Vermiculture

Agro-wastes

Dugging with various microorganisms

Cyanobacteria and other nitrogen fixating MO

slide7

Leather and Meat Industry

Meat

Old animals

Slaughtering

Slaughtering

Leather

slide8

Bone utilization

Drugs

Animal Feed

Bone Powder

Bones

Old animals

Fertilizers

Phosphorus and

calcium extraction

sugarcane source of green energy
Sugarcane – Source of Green Energy

SUGAR

JUICE

Ethanol

BAGASSE

CO-GENERATION

OF ELECTRICITY

LEAVES & TOPS

ethanol from molasses and juice
Ethanol from Molasses and Juice

SUGARCANE

MILLING

JUICE FOR SUGAR

JUICE FOR ETHANOL

MASH

FACTORY

DISTILLERY

FERMENTATION

DISTILLATION

MOLASSES

ETHANOL

FROM

MOLASSES

ETHANOL

FROM

SUGARS

SUGAR

ETHANOL

slide11

Pulp and Paper Production

Paper

Wood/ Ply

Straws and peals

Pulp

slide12

Drawbacks of Improper Agro-Waste Management

Global warming

Field filling

Mosquito generated diseases