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Welcome to... Companion PowerPoint Presentation for the Introduction to Housing textbook Vernacular (Folk) Houses Built for shelter with little concern for popular styles Traditional —based on a local model & uses local materials & construction techniques

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Welcome to...

Companion PowerPoint Presentation for the Introduction to Housing textbook

vernacular folk houses
Vernacular (Folk) Houses

Built for shelter with little concern for popular styles

Traditional—based on a local model & uses local materials & construction techniques

Modern Vernacular—more typical of vernacular architecture today

uses readily available materials, not necessarily of local origins uses traditional construction techniques is based on a variety of models

Early colonization:

Adapted European concepts

Centered around a large fireplace (heat, light & food preparation)

Stone, but wood better choice in America

Simple, small & built by family members

hall and parlor cottage
Hall and Parlor Cottage
  • Fireplace
  • Steep roof
  • Gabled roof with the sloped sides parallel to the front door (side as opposed to front gable)
  • Hall was the public & work area while the parlor was used for sleeping
cape cod
Cape Cod
  • Most popular in the 18th century; major revival in mid-20th century
  • Story and a half with side gable & centered front door
  • Dormers facing the front & symmetrically placed windows
georgian style
Georgian Style
  • Hired builders—more attention to aesthetics
  • Divided interior spaces
  • Primary style until early 19th century
  • Inspired by classic Greek & Roman design
  • Windows were large with numerous panes
  • Entry door capped by decorative crown
greek revival style
Greek Revival Style
  • In the early 19th century the ideal home was a single family detached homestead surrounded by a garden
  • Importance of the home in the new democracy—search for identity
  • Attracted to the birthplace of democracy—Greece
  • Popular up to Civil War
  • Lower slope & front gable
  • Porches with columns; half-round windows
gothic revival style
Gothic Revival Style
  • Competition between styles in the 1840s due to plan books
  • More picturesque—muted colors instead of white
  • Irregular shape
  • More decorative
  • Steeply pitched roof with decorative barge boards on the gable ends
mid 19 th century innovations
Mid-19th century innovations
  • Commercial saw mills—stud frame construction (2” x 4”) & machine made nails—could have more angles: light frame construction
  • Cast iron stove that could be located out of view; less impact on design
  • Central heating
  • Railroads providing shipment of lumber & millwork (architectural trim & decorative elements)
victorian era home styles
Victorian Era Home Styles
  • Modern suburban homes
  • House should have an organic form & be set in a suburban setting with trees & gardens (middle class)
  • Promoted by plan books & land developers—time of self-improvement & progress
  • Complex exterior forms and roof lines to add aesthetic interest
Multiple gables, towers & bay windows
  • Wide porches
  • Variety of siding types
  • Elaborately detailed millwork
  • Interiors were also heavily ornamented with elaborate woodwork & multiple special purpose spaces
  • Hand work
craftsman or bungalow style
Craftsman or Bungalow Style
  • Early 20th century—reaction to excess
  • Home economics & smaller families
  • Smaller & simpler homes—one or one and a half story set on high basement
  • Low pitched roof with wide eaves
  • Porches under main roof supported by columns
  • Natural materials & colors
prairie style
Prairie Style
  • Credited to Frank Lloyd Wright
  • Usually 2 stories
  • Low pitched hipped roof wide overhangs
  • Horizontal focus
  • Many variations
tudor style
Tudor Style
  • Eclectic styles of the 1920s
  • English-trained architects
  • Development of brick veneer &

stucco construction techniques

  • Variety of steeply pitched roofs
  • Tall windows
  • Prominent chimney
post ww 2
Post WW 2
  • Pent up housing demand
  • Development of large subdivisions
  • Smaller homes on larger lots—allowed long side of house to face street with space for a car along side the house
ranch style
Ranch Style
  • Prevalent style today, with many variations
  • Inspired by western ranch homes
  • Started as one level & attached garage
  • Set lower to the ground with little if any exposed basement
  • Sprawling in form
  • Side facing gables with low slopes & wide eaves
  • No single style has replaced the ranch
  • Many variations— split level, raised ranch & two story ranch
  • Older styles also selectively incorporated into housing
Focus now:

Construction & detail

Alternate building techniques

Green materials

Energy efficiency

Thread—importance of housing to families & American society over time