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The Joint Commission Laboratory Program- What’s New. Jennifer Rhamy Executive Director . What’s New at The Joint Commission. Me- and excited to be working with all of you Lab STAT News monthly emails Recent customer survey to hear voice of the customer

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what s new at the joint commission
What’s New at The Joint Commission
  • Me- and excited to be working with all of you
  • Lab STAT News monthly emails
  • Recent customer survey to hear voice of the customer
  • Dedicated account executives for laboratory
  • Increased alliance of the hospital and lab programs
ongoing
Ongoing
  • Lab Focus quarterly newsletter
  • Lab Advantage program
    • Discounted program for bundled proficiency testing, ASCP educational programs, and The Joint Commission accreditation.
    • See www.labadvantage.org for more information
coming soon
Coming Soon
  • Crosswalk of The Joint Commission and CLIA standards available as part of e-dition
  • Development of the next revision of Laboratory Accreditation Standards and working collaboratively with ASCP to identify volunteers
  • 2010 Laboratory Accreditation Overview
  • Leading Practices Database
  • eApplication for lab in 2011
  • Deeming process in late 2010
example crosswalk display for home health
EXAMPLE: Crosswalk Display for Home Health

CMS Requirements—may include multiple CMS areas

Joint Commission EP

come meet with us
Come meet with us!
  • Will have a booth at AACC, CLMA, and ASCP this year
  • Speaking at SEABB
  • Another free audio conference next fall
  • Other audio conferences and publications listed on the web site
summary
Summary
  • We want to hear from you
  • Initiatives are being driven by communications out to the accredited facilities or getting feedback
  • Concentrating on standards and accreditation process improvements in 2010
tips for a successful survey

Tips For A Successful Survey

Kathie Steffens

Field Director

use these colors

documents and information
Documents and Information

Test Menu and Instruments Used

Tests that you perform in your laboratory

Total Test Volume for each CLIA

ABG =1 procedure

pH, pCO2, pO2 = 3 tests

CLIA Certificate(s)

For all laboratory services provided on-site.

documents and information11
Documents and Information

Environmental and Safety Inspections

Safety Committee Reports

Hazardous Waste Disposal Manifests

Infection Control Policy and Processes

Performance Improvement

Data gathered

Data analysis and conclusions

Improvements Implemented

On-going monitoring

documents and information12
Documents and Information

Proficiency Testing for last 6 events

Copies (hard copy or electronic) of original test performance

Procedure for handling and assessing PT

Attestation signed by testing personnel

Review of PT results from vendor

Investigation and corrective action of all unacceptable results.

documents and information13
Documents and Information

Policy and Procedures

Do not need to move to a central location

Quality Control Data

Last 24 months accessible

Calibration and Calibration Verification

Performance over last 24 months accessible

documents and information14
Documents and Information

Maintenance Records

Last 24 months accessible

Personnel Files

Have someone available who knows HR file system.

Validation of educational requirements

State licenses as applicable

Competency Assessment Records

Current and last annual assessment

tracer activity
Tracer Activity

Patient tracers cover all specialties and subspecialties across the period from the last full survey

May be less than 24 months.

Labs converting from another accreditor

are reviewed for prior four months activity, except for PT which is for 24 months.

tips for survey
Tips for Survey

Know how to access information.

If on paper, how to retrieve if

information is in storage

If electronic, what program(s) will

you need to access for historic data

If using EMR, who will be needed to access patient information

tips for survey17
Tips for Survey

Encourage staff to openly participate.

If staff doesn’t understand what the surveyor wants, ask the surveyor to explain in more detail.

If staff doesn’t know the answer to a question, it’s okay to say they don’t.

Tell the surveyor how your lab complies with standard within your lab.

Every lab doesn’t comply the same way.

Have open discussion about standards.

tips for survey18
Tips for Survey

Point-of-Care Sites

Inform all staff that they will be asked to participate in survey.

Off-site locations

Inform all staff of same information that will be required for their survey activity.

Staff availability

Let the surveyor know who might be available only on certain days.

2010 standards tips topics

2010 Standards - Tips & Topics

Megan E. Sawchuk, MT(ASCP)

Associate Director, Standards Interpretation Group

standards applicability
Standards Applicability
  • Standards are applicable based on:
    • Definition of a lab test as regulated by CLIA
    • Exceptions
    • Multiple test complexity levels
    • Multiple laboratory accreditors
    • Multiple health care accreditation programs, e.g. hospital, ambulatory, lab
which organization standards apply to laboratory services
Which organization standards apply to laboratory services?
  • Accreditation programs include:
    • Hospital
    • Critical Access Hospital
    • Ambulatory
    • Office Based Surgery
    • Long Term Care
    • Home Care
    • Behavioral Health
  • Manuals include complementary “core” standards
    • Similar across all The Joint Commission accreditation programs
    • Standards often met with organizational policies
core standards chapters
Core standards chapters
  • Accreditation Participation Requirements (APR)
  • Environment of Care (EC)
  • Emergency Management (EM)
  • Human Resources (HR)
  • Infection Control (IC)
  • Information Management (IM)
  • Leadership (LD)
  • National Patient Safety Goals (NPSG)
  • Performance Improvement (PI)
  • Transplant Safety (TS)
  • Waived Testing (WT)
organizational standards applicable to laboratory services
Organizational standards applicable to laboratory services
  • Waived testing: APRs, NPSGs, LD.04.01.01, WT chapters
  • Non-waived testing: Other standards could be reviewed incidental to hospital tracer, e.g. safety, infection control, general policies (specimen collection & transport)
    • No technical testing requirements would be surveyed
  • Other related clinical and hospital requirements, e.g. transfusion medicine
    • Many related to Medicare’s Conditions of Participation (CoPs), e.g. 42 CFR 482.27 Hospital Laboratory Services
tip hospital standards related to blood administration
Tip: Hospital standards related to blood administration
  • EC.02.05.03 Emergency power for blood storage systems
  • HR.01.02.01 Special training provided for transfusion administration
  • MS.05.01.01 Medical staff involved in PI activities for blood & blood use
  • PC.02.01.01 Transfusions administered per law & medical staff policy
  • PC.05.01.09 HIV/HCV Notification (Look back) policies
  • PC.03.01.01 Transfusion administration equipment is available for operative and other high-risk procedures
  • PI.01.01.01 Organization collects data on blood and blood use, and all reported and confirmed transfusion reactions
  • RI.01.03.01 Informed consent process
  • NPSG.01.01.01 Two identifiers used to ID patient for transfusion
  • NPSG.01.03.01 Two persons verify patient ID and product for transfusion
  • UP.01.01.01  Standardized pre-op verification list, including blood product availability (and other laboratory reports)
tip hospital standards related to laboratory services
Tip: Hospital standards related to laboratory services
  • HR.01.02.01 Testing personnel meet the qualifications defined in the CLIA regulations
  • IC.01.02.01 Laboratory resources are provided to support infection prevention and control program
  • IC.02.02.01 Cleaning and disinfection of bedside point-of-care instruments, e.g. glucose meters
  • LD.04.01.01 All laboratory services have CLIA certificates and licenses required by regulation
  • LD.04.03.01 Pathology and clinical laboratory services are provided (essential service) to meet patient needs
  • LD.04.03.09 Performance management of contracted laboratory services; maintaining evidence of CLIA compliance for reference and contract laboratory services
  • MM.01.01.01 Necessary laboratory results are available to those managing a patient’s medications
tip hospital standards related to laboratory services26
Tip: Hospital standards related to laboratory services
  • MS.05.01.01 Medical staff involved in PI activities for autopsies
  • MS.06.01.01 – MS.06.01.13 Credentialing and privileging of licensed independent practitioners (LIPs) providing interpretive reports, e.g. pathologists performing histopathology
  • MS.08.01.01 – MS.08.01.03 Ongoing & Focused Practitioner Performance Evaluation (OPPE & FPPE), applies to the above LIPs
  • NPSG.02.03.01 Reporting of critical results (clinical reporting intervals, such as nurse to physician, not those of the main laboratory)
  • NPSG.03.05.01 Baseline and ongoing testing for anticoagulation therapy provided per written protocol/policy approved by medical staff
  • PC.03.01.08 Surgical tissue specimen policies, e.g. gross only, exceptions to submission to pathology, specimen handling
  • TS.03.01.01 – TS.03.03.01 Tissue storage and issuance (if lab oversees)
  • WT.01.01.01 – WT.05.01.01  Waived Testing
the joint commission laboratory accreditation program
The Joint Commission Laboratory Accreditation Program
  • Laboratory application submitted to The Joint Commission
  • Survey every two years led by an MT/CLS surveyor (Masters prepared or managerial background)
    • Only non-waived services can be accredited
    • Could be main lab, POCT only, or both
    • Organization could have more than one laboratory accreditor, e.g. main lab CAP, POCT The Joint Commission
  • Having Joint Commission hospital accreditation does not mean the laboratory services are also Joint Commission accredited
    • Survey every three years for hospitals
    • Team of RN, MD, LSC, Administrator
    • No technical elements of testing are reviewed
which standards apply if there are joint commission accredited non waived laboratory services
Which standards apply if there are Joint Commission accredited non-waived laboratory services?
  • Laboratory standards manual
    • Non-waived testing: All chapters apply, except WT
      • Core chapters (identified on prior slide)
      • Document Control (DC)
      • Quality Systems Assessment – 3 sections
        • Proficiency testing – all apply (QSA.01.01.01 – QSA.01.05.01)
        • Systems standards – all apply (QSA.02.01.01 – QSA.02.14.01)
        • Specialty & subspecialty – specific groups apply, listed alphabetically (QSA.03.01.01 – QSA.21.01.01)
          • Example: Chemistry QSA.06.01.01 – QSA.06.02.01
    • Waived testing: APRs, NPSGs, LD.04.01.01, WT chapters apply
  • Survey includes tissue, clinical transfusion practices and perioperative transfusion services
if organization none of the non waived laboratory services are joint commission accredited
If organization & NONE of the non-waived laboratory services are Joint Commission Accredited:
  • Laboratory should follow:
    • Their non-waived laboratory accreditor’s requirements, e.g. CAP or COLA (surveyed every two years)
    • The Joint Commission organizational standards (surveyed every three years)
      • Waived testing requirements
        • Follow the most stringent requirements when standards vary between accreditors
      • Other clinical and hospital requirements related to lab service
if organization some of the non waived laboratory services are joint commission accredited
If organization & SOME of the non-waived laboratory services are Joint Commission Accredited:
  • Most common scenario
  • Laboratory should follow:
    • The Joint Commission laboratory standards for services in which the organization applied, waived testing, tissue, clinical side of transfusion services, and perioperative transfusion services (surveyed every two years)
    • The other laboratory accreditor’s requirements (CAP or COLA) for the services in which they applied for accreditation (surveyed every two years)
    • The Joint Commission organizational standards (surveyed every three years)
      • Waived testing requirements
        • Follow the most stringent requirements when standards vary between accreditors
      • Other clinical and hospital requirements related to lab service
if organization all of the non waived laboratory services are joint commission accredited
If organization & ALL of the non-waived laboratory services are Joint Commission Accredited:
  • Simplest scenario
    • The Joint Commission Laboratory standards (surveyed every two years)
    • The Joint Commission organizational standards (surveyed every three years)
  • Sites currently evaluating the opportunity for concurrent organization and laboratory survey every six years (every other organizational survey)
when should we participate in the periodic performance review
When should we participate in the Periodic Performance Review?
  • PPR Software
    • Web enabled tool via secure extranet
    • Self-assessment—non-punitive process
    • Submitted annually
    • Plans of Action / Measures of Success
  • Conference Call (Optional)
    • Standards Interpretation Staff (SIG)
    • Approval of POA and MOS
completing the ppr
Completing the PPR
  • Always participate in the hospital’s PPR and the WT standards!
  • And if the laboratory services are surveyed…
    • Only by a Cooperative Partner
      • Support the hospital’s PPR with completing related standards
      • Participate in the partner’s self assessment process
    • By a combination of laboratory accreditors
      • Complete PPR review against the applicable standards in lab manual and support the related hospital standards
      • Participate in the partner’s self assessment process
    • Only by The Joint Commission
      • Complete PPR review against the applicable standards in lab manual and support the related hospital standards
organization customized standards ocs
Organization Customized Standards (OCS)
  • Linked to specialties and services selected in application
  • Selections in application populate Survey Technology
    • Surveyors apply only those standards
  • Future – link application to E-dition?
  • Standards Applicability Grid in manual for reference
  • Advantages: Single set of standards, customizable based on specialty and service
2010 standards changes
2010 Standards “Changes”
  • No changes to the actual requirements
  • Standards Improvement Initiative
    • Improved clarity
    • Eliminated duplication
    • Reformatted/renumbered
  • NPSGs simplified
  • New chapter headings
    • Document Control (DC)
    • Emergency Management (EM)
    • Transplant Safety (TS)
national patient safety goals
National Patient Safety Goals
  • Retained
    • Two Patient Identifiers
    • Hand Hygiene
  • Revised (based on field input)
    • Critical Reporting
    • 2010 goal is refocused on critical results
    • Critical tests no longer surveyed as part of the goal
national patient safety goals42
National Patient Safety Goals
  • Moved to standards
    • Verbal results read-back
    • Do Not Use abbreviations
    • Hand-off communications
  • Removed
    • Modified Universal Protocol for bedside procedures (duplicates organization standard)
    • Treat Healthcare Acquired Infection (HAI) as sentinel event (duplicates Sentinel Event policy)
    • Patient involvement in care (duplicates organization standard)
equivalent qc alternative qc
Equivalent QC / Alternative QC
  • Traditional QC uses external liquid controls
  • Equivalent QC (EQC) may use electronic or internal monitors, e.g. simulators, on-board or automated QC
  • Also known as Alternative QC (AQC), to differentiate from Electronic QC
  • If the system simulates two levels of controls, it can be used to meet Joint Commission daily QC requirements for both waived and non-waived testing
  • Electronic “checks” are not sufficient
equivalent qc eqc requirements
Equivalent QC (EQC) Requirements

*Use of Option 1 or 2 requirements exceeds the standards.

personnel qualifications
Personnel Qualifications
  • Continues to be an area of focus
  • Recent years - emphasis on leadership roles
    • Laboratory Director (LD)
    • Clinical Consultants (CC)
    • Technical Supervisor (TS) and Technical Consultants (TC)
    • General Supervisor (GS)
  • Future - Anticipate added rigor for all roles
  • TIP: Laboratories must have records to demonstrate testing personnel meet the qualifications specified in CLIA at Subpart M.
personnel qualifications50
Personnel Qualifications
  • Qualification routes specify required education and experience
  • High complexity testing requires Associate’s degree or higher [42CFR 493.1489(b)(1-7)]
  • Moderate complexity testing requires high school diploma or higher[42CFR 493.1423(b)(1-4)]
  • Credentials requiring advanced degrees are not sufficient to demonstrate education, e.g. MT(ASCP), CLS (NCA) or R.N. license
resources on the web
Resources on the Web

Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS)

CLIA: www.cms.hhs.gov/clia

CoPs: www.cms.hhs.gov/CFCsAndCoPs/

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

www.phppo.cdc.gov/clia

Food and Drug Administration CLIA Database Search

www.accessdata.fda.gov/scripts/cdrh/cfdocs/cfCLIA/Search.cfm

The Joint Commission’s

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

http://www.jointcommission.org/Standards/FAQs

to subscribe
To Subscribe:
  • Lab Focus: http://www.jointcommission.org/Library/Newsletters/list_serve.htm
  • Lab Stat News qualitylabs@jointcommission.org
contact us
Contact Us
  • General information:
    • Your account executive (see your organization’s secure Extranet site for specifics)
  • Information on becoming accredited
    • Contact Jennifer Rhamy
    • Phone: 630-792-5754
    • Email: jrhamy@jointcommission.org
  • Standards questions
    • Contact Megan Sawchuk or Cherie Ulaskas
    • Phone: 630-792-5900, Option 6
    • Online: http://www.jointcommission.org/Standards/OnlineQuestionForm/