Security Administration Tools and Practices. Amit Bhan Usable Privacy and Security. Agenda. Security Administration Purpose of Security Tools Examples of Security Tools Security Incident Manager (SIM) Security Monitoring Cases from the Field Problems with Security Administration
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
Security Administration Tools and Practices Amit Bhan Usable Privacy and Security
Agenda • Security Administration • Purpose of Security Tools • Examples of Security Tools • Security Incident Manager (SIM) • Security Monitoring • Cases from the Field • Problems with Security Administration • Improvements
Security Administration? • is the process of maintaining a safe computing environment. • Purpose? Need? • Security Administrator • Responsibilities?
Purpose of Security Tools • Combining text and visuals • Reporting • Monitoring • Correlating • Simplify the life of a Security Administrator
Combining Text and Visuals • Size and complexity of networks • A System Administrator has a variety of responsibilities: install, configure, monitor, debug and patch • Visualization vs. Perl Scripts • VisFlowConnect-IP (who is connecting to whom on my network?) • Other tools (discuss later)
Reporting • Many security tools have an in built capability for reporting • Why is reporting important? • Examples: • Nessus (vulnerability information) • SIM (security incidents information)
Monitoring • Some security tools have live data feed for the network • Different types of monitoring • Network monitoring • Security event monitoring • Network Security Incident monitoring
Correlation • Correlation integrates the key security factors that are critical in determining the potential for significant damage within an organization. These factors are: • Real time events from heterogeneous devices • Results of vulnerability scans and other sources of threat data • The value of the host, database or application to the organization.
Life of a Security Administrator • According to the paper “Combining Text and Visual Interfaces for Security-System Administration”, Security administrators are very conservative when it comes to technology adoption. • Why?
Security Admin Tools • Mentioned in Text: • Bro • Nessus • Symantec Anti-virus • Tripwire • Rootkit • Sebek
Bro • Bro (http://www.bro-ids.org/) is a NIDS. • Bro supports signature analysis, and in fact can read Snort signatures. (Snort is one of the most popular NIDS available.) • Bro also performs (a limited form of) anomaly detection, looking for activity that resembles an intrusion.
Nessus • Nessus is a free comprehensive vulnerability scanning software. • Its goal is to detect potential vulnerabilities on the tested systems
Nessus Screenshot - 1 Nessus Screenshot - 1
Nessus Screenshot - 2 Nessus Screenshot - 2
Nessus Screenshot - 3 Nessus - Screenshot 3
Other tools • Security Incident Management System • ArcSight • Novell e-Security Sentinel • Network Incident Management System • Whatsup Gold • IBM Tivoli
ArcSight • Large Enterprises and Governments infrastructures are growing increasingly dynamic and complex • ArcSight ESM is an event management tool • Different capabilities: filters, correlation, reporting, threat monitor, vulnerability knowledge base, asset information, risk management, zones, etc.
Architecture - ArcSight ESM • SmartAgents (residing on remote systems or on a separate layer) • Devices or Remote Systems (Firewalls, IDSs etc.) • Correlation engine • Central database • ArcSight Manager (console/browser)
Testing ArcSight • Real strength - analyzing huge volumes at data • When tested at an ISP that provided managed services to many corporate clients, generating millions of events a day (stress test), ArcSight had no hiccups. • Biggest advantage: Scaling
e-Security Sentinel • Competitor of ArcSight, Network Intelligence, Symantec Security Information Manager • Event collector • Analyses and correlates events to determine if an event violates a predetermined condition or acceptable threshold. • Control Center & Correlation Engine • Unlike Arcsight, e-Security Sentinel has an iScale Message Bus that is based on the Sonic JMS* bus architecture. • Highly scalable • Doesn’t rely on a relational database
Cases from the Field • Security Checkup • Latest fixes/patches • Use of IDS + regular scanning of network • Security Engineers need to be well informed (discussions on forums)
Problems with Security Administration • Integration is required • From firewalls to IDSs to Websense to vulnerability information to KB • Challenges • Too much to look at • No single standard data format • Out of sync system clocks • Correlation becomes difficult
Problems cont. • Information asymmetry • Use of manual tools (location, address books, information directories) • Process is slow because of very little integration • A problem in times of actual attacks • Critical factor - “Time” • New vulnerabilities - proactive work pays • Administrator motto - “Know Thy Network”
Improvements • New tools to help security administrators need to be developed • Standardization of event formats for easier integration • Application of data mining in event classification, analysis and noise reduction • Automated event stream processing • Improved information management tools
Questions ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?