Principles of Landscape Design

1 / 28

# Principles of Landscape Design - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Principles of Landscape Design. BALANCE PROPORTION SIMPLICITY VARIETY UNITY SEQUENCE. Principles of Landscape Design. BALANCE: A state of equilibrium, equality in weight, value or importance. . Principles of Landscape Design. BALANCE: Two types of balance…

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.

## PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Principles of Landscape Design' - Jimmy

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Principles of Landscape Design
• BALANCE
• PROPORTION
• SIMPLICITY
• VARIETY
• UNITY
• SEQUENCE
Principles of Landscape Design
• BALANCE: A state of equilibrium, equality in weight, value or importance.
Principles of Landscape Design

BALANCE: Two types of balance…

• Symmetrical – formal, static… Achieved using the same thing on each side of a central axis. Symmetry can be boring.
Principles of Landscape Design

BALANCE: Two types of balance…

• Asymmetrical – casual, movement… Achieved by using similar ideas but different things on either side.
Principles of Landscape Design

BALANCE:

• Mass Collection – within the framework of either symmetry or asymmetry, mass collection is one other method for establishing order in a design composition.
Principles of Landscape Design

BALANCE (mass collection creates order)

Yes! Plants are grouped together in masses

No! Plants are separated and scattered

Principles of Landscape Design

BALANCE (mass collection creates order)

Principles of Landscape Design
• PROPORTION (or scale): the way things relate to each other with respect to size (big-medium-little).
• In residential design we want elements that are in proportion to each other.
• Much difference in size creates dissonance…unable to reconcile one element with another.
• If you have huge elements and small elements you will need something in the intermediate range to bring them together.
Principles of Landscape Design

PROPORTION

Disproportionate Proportionate

Principles of Landscape Design

PROPORTION

• Proportionate or disproportionate
• Disproportionate
Principles of Landscape Design

PROPORTION

• Proportionate or disproportionate
• Proportionate
Principles of Landscape Design
• SIMPLICITY: limiting change or variation.
• Limit the number of themes. The viewer needs to experience the landscape a little at a time.
• Common error is trying to do too much. Too many different elements.
Principles of Landscape Design

SIMPLICITY

Simple but monotonous

Principles of Landscape Design

SIMPLICITY

Simple but not monotonous

Principles of Landscape Design
• VARIETY: A landscape without variety is monotonous.
• However, A lot of different things is not variety.
• Rather it is more like one thing that stands out among other things.
• Group things to make a unit. Add something of interest - a focal point.
Principles of Landscape Design

VARIETY

Too much variety causes visual confusion

Principles of Landscape Design

VARIETY

Careful use of variety allows emphasis to be placed where desired

Principles of Landscape Design

VARIETY

• Too much variety = confusion

Simple Varied

Monotony Confusion

Principles of Landscape Design

UNITY: Tying the landscape together.

• Curves can be a unifying theme.
• Similar backgrounds for all of the foregrounds.
• Same color/different plant.
• Strong elements to unify the landscape: COLOR, CURVES, LINES, CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS, TEXTURES.
Principles of Landscape Design

UNITY: Tying the landscape together.

Repetition: Selected plant material should be repeated throughout the landscape.

Principles of Landscape Design

UNITY: Tying the landscape together.

Repetition: Selected plant material should be repeated throughout the landscape.

Principles of Landscape Design

UNITY: Tying the landscape together.

Interconnection: When interconnection is utilized the eye can move smoothly from one element to another.

Principles of Landscape Design

UNITY: Tying the landscape together.

Unity of three: Whenever three elements of the same kind are grouped together you get a strong sense of unity.

Principles of Landscape Design
• SEQUENCE (Rhythm): An orderly progression.
• From low spreading plants to vertical plants.
• From here to there. Near to far. Turf-shrubs-trees.
• Sequence helps the eye move smoothly from one area to another.
Principles of Landscape Design

SEQUENCE (Rhythm): can be achieved through the graduation in size and type of plants used.