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Principles of Landscape Design. BALANCE PROPORTION SIMPLICITY VARIETY UNITY SEQUENCE. Principles of Landscape Design. BALANCE: A state of equilibrium, equality in weight, value or importance. . Principles of Landscape Design. BALANCE: Two types of balance…

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principles of landscape design
Principles of Landscape Design
  • BALANCE
  • PROPORTION
  • SIMPLICITY
  • VARIETY
  • UNITY
  • SEQUENCE
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Principles of Landscape Design
  • BALANCE: A state of equilibrium, equality in weight, value or importance.
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Principles of Landscape Design

BALANCE: Two types of balance…

  • Symmetrical – formal, static… Achieved using the same thing on each side of a central axis. Symmetry can be boring.
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Principles of Landscape Design

BALANCE: Two types of balance…

  • Asymmetrical – casual, movement… Achieved by using similar ideas but different things on either side.
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Principles of Landscape Design

BALANCE:

  • Mass Collection – within the framework of either symmetry or asymmetry, mass collection is one other method for establishing order in a design composition.
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Principles of Landscape Design

BALANCE (mass collection creates order)

Yes! Plants are grouped together in masses

No! Plants are separated and scattered

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Principles of Landscape Design

BALANCE (mass collection creates order)

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Principles of Landscape Design
  • PROPORTION (or scale): the way things relate to each other with respect to size (big-medium-little).
    • In residential design we want elements that are in proportion to each other.
    • Much difference in size creates dissonance…unable to reconcile one element with another.
    • If you have huge elements and small elements you will need something in the intermediate range to bring them together.
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Principles of Landscape Design

PROPORTION

Disproportionate Proportionate

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Principles of Landscape Design

PROPORTION

  • Proportionate or disproportionate
    • Disproportionate
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Principles of Landscape Design

PROPORTION

  • Proportionate or disproportionate
    • Proportionate
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Principles of Landscape Design
  • SIMPLICITY: limiting change or variation.
    • Limit the number of themes. The viewer needs to experience the landscape a little at a time.
    • Common error is trying to do too much. Too many different elements.
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Principles of Landscape Design

SIMPLICITY

Simple but monotonous

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Principles of Landscape Design

SIMPLICITY

Simple but not monotonous

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Principles of Landscape Design
  • VARIETY: A landscape without variety is monotonous.
    • However, A lot of different things is not variety.
    • Rather it is more like one thing that stands out among other things.
    • Group things to make a unit. Add something of interest - a focal point.
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Principles of Landscape Design

VARIETY

Too much variety causes visual confusion

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Principles of Landscape Design

VARIETY

Careful use of variety allows emphasis to be placed where desired

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Principles of Landscape Design

VARIETY

  • Variety adds spice, adds interest
  • Too much variety = confusion

Simple Varied

Monotony Confusion

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Principles of Landscape Design

UNITY: Tying the landscape together.

  • Curves can be a unifying theme.
  • Similar backgrounds for all of the foregrounds.
  • Same color/different plant.
  • Strong elements to unify the landscape: COLOR, CURVES, LINES, CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS, TEXTURES.
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Principles of Landscape Design

UNITY: Tying the landscape together.

Repetition: Selected plant material should be repeated throughout the landscape.

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Principles of Landscape Design

UNITY: Tying the landscape together.

Repetition: Selected plant material should be repeated throughout the landscape.

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Principles of Landscape Design

UNITY: Tying the landscape together.

Interconnection: When interconnection is utilized the eye can move smoothly from one element to another.

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Principles of Landscape Design

UNITY: Tying the landscape together.

Unity of three: Whenever three elements of the same kind are grouped together you get a strong sense of unity.

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Principles of Landscape Design
  • SEQUENCE (Rhythm): An orderly progression.
    • From low spreading plants to vertical plants.
    • From here to there. Near to far. Turf-shrubs-trees.
    • Sequence helps the eye move smoothly from one area to another.
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Principles of Landscape Design

SEQUENCE (Rhythm): can be achieved through the graduation in size and type of plants used.