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Market Conditions, Barriers and Outlook for Biomass Energy in ASEAN ASEM Green Independent Power Producers (IPPs) Networ PowerPoint Presentation
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Market Conditions, Barriers and Outlook for Biomass Energy in ASEAN ASEM Green Independent Power Producers (IPPs) Network – First Regional Workshop 24-25 October 2002, Sofitel Silom, Bangkok, Thailand. Ludovic Lacrosse: Project Coordinator Romel M. Carlos: Financial Advisor

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slide1

Market Conditions, Barriers and Outlook for Biomass Energy in ASEAN

ASEM Green Independent Power Producers (IPPs) Network – First Regional Workshop

24-25 October 2002, Sofitel Silom, Bangkok, Thailand

Ludovic Lacrosse: Project Coordinator

Romel M. Carlos: Financial Advisor

Mr. Thomas Hernoe: Environmental Advisor

EC-ASEAN COGEN Programme

Asian Institute of Technology, Energy Bldg., PO Box 4

Klong Luang, Pathumthani 12120 Thailand

Tel: +662 524 5399; Fax: +662 524 5396

Website: http://www.cogen3.net; E-mail: cogen3@cogen3.net

slide2

Outline

  • Market conditions and outlook for biomass in ASEAN
  • Barriers and possible solutions
slide3

EC-ASEAN COGEN Programme

An economic cooperation programme: European Commission (EC)

& Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN)

  • Funded by the EC (25 M €)
  • Implementation: January 2002 – December 2004
  • Coordinated by Asian Institute of Technology (AIT) & SYCON-Carl Bro
  • 3rd Phase (COGEN 3)
  • Objectives:
  • Increase the use of cogeneration in ASEAN
  • Promote the use of proven, clean and efficient European cogeneration technology
  • Create business opportunities for cogeneration within the ASEAN industrial sectors using biomass, coal and gas as fuels
slide5

Biomass fuels Available in ASEAN

Rice husk, Wood residues

Rice husk, Sugar bagasse, Palm oil, Pulp and paper

Rice husk, Sugar bagasse, Pulp and paper, Wood residues

Rice husk,

Wood residues

n.a.

Rice husk, Sugar bagasse, Palm oil, Pulp and paper, Wood residues

Rice husk,Palm oil, Wood residues

n.a.

Rice husk, Sugar bagasse, Palm oil, Pulp and paper, Wood residues

slide6

Sugar mills

  • Energy situation
  • Old cogeneration plants (20 to 50 years) with low pressure boilers and less efficient turbines
  • Not possible to sell electricity in the past
  • Seasonal operation using only bagasse
  • Emerging trend
  • Need to replace old cogeneration system
  • Good potential for high pressure boilers and efficient turbines
  • Excess power exported to grid
  • Use of multi-fuel boilers and plant operation throughout the year
  • Already few sugar mills started implementing efficient cogeneration
slide7

Sugar industries:

Fuel availability and cogeneration potential

Bagasse = Sugar cane * 0.29; 1 kWh = 3 kg of bagasse (including steam for process)

slide8

Rice mills

  • Energy situation
  • Only few plants implemented so far
  • Revenue from ash sales
  • Rice husk plants are also fired with wood waste and bagasse
  • Dumping or open burning is common
  • Emerging trend
  • Good potential for high pressure boilers and efficient turbines
  • Excess power exported to grid
  • Separate isolated plants generating only power is also popular
slide9

Rice industries:

Fuel availability and cogeneration potential

Rice husk = Paddy * 0.22; 1 kWh = 1.5 kg of rice husk (including steam for process)

slide10

Rice husk plant in Thailand

2.5 MW Steam turbine

Boiler: Capacity 17 tph, 35 bar,

420 oC

In operation since 1997

COGEN phase 2 Full Scale Demonstration Project

Steam used for drying of rice paddy

Ash sold to steel industries (export)

slide11

Palm oil mills

  • Energy situation
  • Old cogeneration plants (20 to 50 years) with low pressure boilers and less efficient turbines
  • Not possible to sell electricity in the past
  • Seasonal operation using only fibre and shell
  • Emerging trend
  • Need to replace old cogeneration system
  • Good potential for high pressure boilers and efficient turbines
  • Excess power exported to grid
  • Use of empty fruit bunches, fibre and shell
  • Plant operation throughout the year
  • Already few palm oil mills started implementing efficient cogeneration systems
slide12

Palm oil industries:

Fuel availability and cogeneration potential

Residue = Fresh Fruit Bunch * 0.42; 1 kWh = 2.5 kg of residues (including steam for process)

slide13

Wood industries

  • Energy situation
  • Inefficient boilers for heat requirements
  • Very few power/cogeneration plants implemented
  • Bark and other wood processing wastes are more common
  • Saw mills and ply mills generate large amount of waste (up to 50%)
  • Emerging trend
  • Good potential for high pressure boilers and efficient extraction condensing turbines
  • Used together with rice husk, sugar bagasse and coal
  • Excess power exported to grid
  • Plant operation throughout the year
slide14

Wood complex in Malaysia

  • 1.5 MW steam turbine
  • Condensing 900 kW
  • Back pressure 600 kW
  • Boiler: Capacity 16 tph, 22 bar, 280oC
  • In operation since 1995
  • COGEN phase 2 Full Scale Demonstration Project
  • Steam is used for timber drying
  • -
slide16

Barriers

  • Technical
  • Human
  • Information
  • Organisation