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Infinitives. Next 5 Miles…. Definition. An infinitive is the word “to” plus the base form of a verb. It often functions as a noun, as either a subject or a direct object. It can also function as an adjective or adverb. It is not a preposition. Formula:. To + Verb. Infinitive Phrases.

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infinitives

Infinitives

Next 5 Miles…

definition
Definition
  • An infinitive is the word “to” plus the base form of a verb.
  • It often functions as a noun, as either a subject or a direct object.
  • It can also function as an adjective or adverb.
  • It is not a preposition.
formula
Formula:
  • To + Verb
infinitive phrases
Infinitive Phrases
  • An infinitive phrase is a group of words that includes an infinitive and any other words to complete its meaning.
  • Ex) To fly a plane was her goal.
  • To fly is the infinitive (to + verb)
  • To fly a plane is the infinitive phrase.
examples
Examples:
  • I wanted to run out the door when the teacher announced a pop quiz.
  • I tried to think of an excuse, but my mind drew a blank and so I was forced to baby-sit for my bratty cousin.
non example
Non-Example
  • I went to the store with my two year old brother, Jake.
  • The above examples are not infinitives. “To the store” is a prepositional phrase. “two” is not “to.”
warm up
Warm-Up
  • Directions: Write the following sentences. Underline the infinitive phrase. Double underline the infinitive.
  • 1.) To ring the bell was her job.
  • 2.) The instructor asked me to stop the car.
  • 3.) Harry wanted to begin the game on good footing.
warm up8
Warm-Up
  • Directions: Write the following sentences. Underline the infinitive phrase. Double underline the infinitive.
  • 1.) Who wants to go to the zoo?
  • 2.) We need to train our dog systematically.
  • 3.) To keep the lead is difficult.
warm up9
Warm-Up
  • Directions: Write the following sentences. Underline the infinitive phrase. Double underline the infinitive.
  • 1.) Ever since childhood, to train dolphins was her goal.
  • 2.) To learn about infinitives can be fun.
  • 3.) The man decided to attack the sleeping bear with a squirt gun.
warm up10
Warm-Up
  • Directions: Create three sentences which contain infinitives or infinitive phrases.
  • Topic- My day as a professional sports player.