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MID-TERM EXAM REVIEW. Format. Part One: Short Story and Essay Response – 40% Part Two: Literary Terms – 10% (multiple choice pertaining to short story) Part Three: Literature – 20% (multiple choice) Part Four: Thematic Significance – 30% (short answer).

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  2. Format • Part One: Short Story and Essay Response – 40% • Part Two: Literary Terms – 10% (multiple choice pertaining to short story) • Part Three: Literature – 20% (multiple choice) • Part Four: Thematic Significance – 30% (short answer)

  3. Part One: Short Story and Essay Response • You will read a short story by Flannery O’Connor. • IMPORTANT: Read quickly while still concentrating on understanding the story. • Be prepared to compare the short story to two other works we have studied.

  4. Since this is worth 40% of your exam grade, it would make sense to devote 40% of your exam time to it. • The total exam time is 90 minutes. • 40% = 36 minutes to both read and write.

  5. Scoring Criteria • Line of Reasoning (10 Points) Do you have a perceptive thesis statement that links the works, and do the reasons and textual evidence in the essay strongly support that thesis statement? • Support (20 Points) Do you use sufficient evidence (examples) from each text to support your thesis? • Coherence (10 Points)  Do you organize your thoughts coherently (logically) and use transitions effectively throughout the essay?

  6. Flannery O’Connor …a brief overview

  7. Praised for her literary and moral genius. Exposes human weakness Explores important moral questions through everyday situations.

  8. O’Connor utilizes biting irony to expose the blindness and ignorance of her characters. • She aims to expose the sinful nature of humanity that often goes unrecognized in the modern, secular world.

  9. Part Two: Literary Terms • This section is worth 10% of your exam grade. • You should take about 10 minutes on it. • There are 10 multiple choice questions. • The questions are about the O’Connor short story. • They focus on literary terms (the elements of fiction) • These are carefully crafted questions so be careful. • You have to choose the best answer.

  10. Elements of Fiction • Setting • Character • Plot • Point of View • Theme • Symbolism • Other

  11. Other Fiction Elements • Allusion: a reference to a person, place or literary, historical, artistic, mythological source or event. • “It was in St. Louis, Missouri, where they have that giant McDonald’s thing towering over the city…”(Bean Trees 15) • Atmosphere: the prevailing emotional and mental climate of a piece of fiction. • Protagonist: The leading character in a literary work. Holden in The Catcher in the Rye, Taylor in The Bean Trees. • Antagonist: The character who opposes the protagonist. • Dialogue: the reproduction of a conversation between two of the characters.

  12. Other Elements Continued • Foreshadowing: early clues about what will happen later in a piece of fiction. • Irony: a difference between what is expected and reality. • Style: a writer’s individual and distinct way of writing. The total of the qualities that distinguish one author’s writing from another’s. • Structure: the way time moves through a novel. • Chronological: starts at the beginning and moves through time. • Flashback: starts in the present and then goes back to the past. • Circular or Anticipatory: starts in the present, flashes back to the past, and returns to the present at the conclusion. • Panel: same story told from different viewpoints. (Lou Ann and Taylor chapters in The Bean Trees)

  13. Part Three: Literature • This is another set of 10 multiple choice questions. • They do not pertain to the O’Connor story. • Instead, they are about the various works we have read during the semester. • They are not easy questions. Be careful. • Give yourself about 15 minutes to complete this 20-point section of the exam.

  14. Part Four: Thematic Significance • This section is worth 30% of the exam points. • Suggested time allotment: 20-25 minutes • You will be given 3 quotes from the works we have read this semester. • Each one is worth 10 points. • You should have no trouble recognizing the quotes if you have read our books carefully.

  15. What You Have to Do… • Identify the Speaker – 2 pts. • Describe the Scene – 2 pts. • State the Theme – 2 pts. • Explain Significance of Theme – 4 pts.

  16. You Need to Know the Themes

  17. The Bean Trees • Friendship • Choices and consequences • Human rights • Human condition

  18. The Women of Brewster Place • Community • Female Bonding • Violence Against Women • Alienation and Loneliness • African-American Heritage • Female Sexuality

  19. Ethan Frome • Passion • Isolation • Lost Potential • Poverty

  20. Ordinary People • Grief and sorrow • Atonement and forgiveness • Alienation and loneliness • Identity

  21. The Death of a Salesman • Appearance vs. Reality • Individual vs. Society • Individual vs. Self • American Dream

  22. Outliers – 2 Theses • Highly successful people have typically benefited from some advantage of circumstance to foster their success. • One’s cultural legacy can remain a powerful force affecting one’s ability to succeed in subtle yet powerful ways.

  23. If you “budget” your time, you should have 5-10 minutes left to check your answers.(Be especially careful not to take too long reading the short story.) GOOD LUCK!

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