The Anatomy of a Gamer Kurt D. Squire Constance A. Steinkuehler University of Wisconsin–Madison 1972 Zork 1977 Pac Man 1980 Super Mario Bros. 1985 Tetris 1985 Mortal Kombat 1992 1972 1977 1980 1985 1990 1993 1994-2004 Quake 2. c. 1997 Ultima Online 1997 Railroad Tycoon 1998
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Kurt D. Squire
Constance A. Steinkuehler
University of Wisconsin–Madison
Dmitri Williams (2004)
Online Games (2003) $ 1.9 billion
Online Games (2009) $ 9.8 billion
“The collapse of literacy and the rise of violence in the electronic age”
”These students will be doing more and more bad things if they are playing games & not doing other things like reading aloud…”
“Video games have emerged as the fourth most dominant medium, displacing print media and vying with other major electronic media in the lives of both young adult and teenage males…”The Literacy Scare
“For the most part I enjoy finding my own information, it feels somehow rewarding because the majority of the informationI come by is from interactive online communities, like fansites and forums…”~Liadon, 22Oct04
Official Game Narrative
Liadon you know hwo the fairies originally came into
Liadon Being, right?
Liadon Oooh, story time!
Liadon once, back when the world was young and the
Liadon gods roamed teh world as mortals, einhasad
Liadon was in the foreset
Liadon and decided to create the race of elves
Liadon none of the other creatures wanted to help
Liadon because they did not know it was einhasad in
Liadon her mortal form
Liadon But 4 exceptionally kind creatures did give
Liadon Their assistance
Liadon that is anothe rstory entirely, but one was
Liadon The humble butterfly
Liadon She did not have much to offer, but spared
Liadon some dust from her wings to allow einhasad
Liadon to make the elves
Liadon as a reward, those butterflies who assisted
Liadon were given the gift of immortality and made
Liadon The fairy queen was the original butterfly
Adeleide how did u know all that?
Liadon Im' smart :p
Liadon Every elf knows that.
Liadon Seriously, though. the mother tree told me
Goal & Conflict
Away from keys
got to go
Just a sec.
I’m out of mana potions.
I have to go to the Eleven Forest to regenerate.
Construal of events (Ideational)
Acknowledges the intact activity structure
Coordinates the other participants who remain
Displays community standing as ‘beta vet’
Shared values & activities
S i e g e T i m e !
Within / across emergent communities of practice (Lave & Wenger, 1991)
1) walking w/out orcing
2) efficiently collectingdrops
orientationto goal (mithril)
goal (mithril) made primary
focuses learner’s attention
routine & valued practice
We should design better ones!
We’re all out of jobs!
Let’s try to understandthis a little better first
Let’s turn everythinginto games
Ban themwherever we can!
Kids online more than parents
We have not yet recognized—much less responded to—the new ways use the Internet. Pew Internet Project, 2003
Open Source Information
Access to social affiliations
issue of ‘addiction’
MMOGs are social spaces.
Third spaces (Bruckman & Resnick, 1995).
Neither work nor home.
And they are quite compelling.
Liadon when it gets close to time i'll step down [as general]and
Liadon give you a few recommendations... but I AM
Liadon comgin back when I can
Liadon Probably won't still want to be the general tho
Adeleide yea ull be v busy
Liadon Tha'ts not it
Liadon peopel make time for what is important
Liadon it would just be kinda weird, sincefantasy
Liadon games are for doing things we can't in real
Liadon life... and if I"m in the military irl, it would
Liadon be really odd ot come home and keep at it
ingame conversation, 28March04
LadySin Im nothing of a leader in RL
LadySin well unless pple get to know me
LadySin then I take over
LadySin but from a distance I look like a simple silly person
LadySin Im short, small
LadySin Im not loud or talk much
LadySin im shy
Adeleide well, what made u different here than in RL?
LadySin I think physical prescence
LadySin I dont see people, people dont see me
LadySin I dont have to worry about how I look or if myhair or clothes are ok
LadySin it sounds shallow but thats what it is
Perhaps these spaces are simply more compelling than “real”spaces.
Such as school.
And perhaps they ought to make us critique our society.
Corporate U.S. Flag AdBusters
Instead of gamersthemselves.