Introduction to International Politics (Poli 86) Dr. Thomas Oatley 370 Hamilton Hall
Course Organization • Why So Much War? • International Organizations • The International Economy and Globalization • The Developing World in the International System: Emerging Issues
Course Requirements • Four In-Class Tests, each worth 20 percent • Recitation Grade, 20 percent
Unexcused Absences • You are required to be present for all scheduled exams. The only allowable exception to this policy is a documented medical emergency. • If you are absent from a scheduled exam for an unexcused reason, you will be allowed to take a make-up test, but there will be a substantial penalty.
Reading • Joseph S. Nye Jr. 2000. Understanding International Conflicts: an Introduction to Theory and History. New York: Longman. • Web-Based Readings • Taking Sides
Course Web Site • www.unc.edu/~toatley • Links to Web-based Readings • Lecture Outlines • PowerPoint Presentations • Syllabus
What is Politics? • Politics Is a Process Through Which Societies Decide Who Gets What. • Decisions Are Made by the Exercise of Power. • Politics, Therefore, Creates Winners (Those Who Get) and Losers (Those Who Don’t). • Critical Question: Why Do Losers Accept Defeat?
Politics within Nations • Take Place Within Well Developed Political Institutions. • The State Has a Monopoly on Coercive Force. • The Political Process Sometimes Has Legitimacy. • Force and Legitimacy interact to make losers accept defeat. • State Controls Coercive Force, Losers Can’t Challenge the Outcome. • Political Process is Fair and Unbiased, Losers Agree to Accept Will of the Majority.
Politics Between Nations • Take Place Without Well Developed Political Institutions. • No Monopoly on Coercive Force. • No Legitimacy to Political Process—”Might Makes Right.” • No Institutional Structure to Ensure that Losers Accept Defeat.
The Importance of Institutions • Critical Difference Between Politics WithinNations and Politics Between Nations, Therefore, is the Institutional Framework Within Which the Two Take Place. • Almost Everything of Interest in International Politics Arises From the Absence of Strong Institutions.
Realism, Liberalism, and International Politics • Realism: Power Politics in Absence of Strong Institutions Generates War. • War is a political act—an attempt to determine who gets what. • Liberalism: Reduce Frequency of War by Institutionalizing International Politics.