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Islam - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Islam A historical and religious look at the worlds largest religion Where did it come from? Found roots in Christianity and Judaism Muhammad brought ideas together Founded in modern day Saudi Arabia Believe in Moses, Jesus and Abraham as prophets

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PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Islam' - JasminFlorian


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islam

Islam

A historical and religious look at the worlds largest religion

where did it come from
Where did it come from?
  • Found roots in Christianity and Judaism
  • Muhammad brought ideas together
  • Founded in modern day Saudi Arabia
  • Believe in Moses, Jesus and Abraham as prophets
  • Find basis in Old Testament: known as the Quran
who is muhammad
Who is Muhammad?
  • Trader in and around Mecca
  • Didn’t like immorality and idol worship
  • Very wealthy. Married woman 15 years older than him.
  • 610 received revelation
  • 613 begins preaching
  • Most wealthy and religious leaders didn’t like him; 622 leaves Mecca for Yathrib.
  • Begins Muslim calendar.
  • Seen as final prophet in Islam
  • NOT founder of Islam. Brought everything together.
quran
QURAN
  • Holy Scripture given to Muhammad by Angel Gabriel over 22 years.
  • Stories similar to Bible of Christians and Torah of Jews
  • Means “recital” in Arabic
basic beliefs
BASIC BELIEFS
  • Values
  • Written in Quran
  • Kindness, honor parents, protect orphans and widows, give to poor, etc.
  • Forbids murder, lying, gambling, pork and alcohol
  • Law not separate from religion
  • No ranked order of clergy
five pillars of islam
FIVE PILLARS OF ISLAM
  • FAITH
  • PRAYER
  • ALMS
  • FASTING
  • PILGRAMAGE
faith
FAITH
  • BASIC CONFESSION OF FAITH
  • THERE IS NO GOD BUT ALLAH
  • MUHAMMAD IS THE PROPHET OF ALLAH
  • REQUIRED TO COMMIT TO ALLAH AND QURAN
  • SAME GOD AS JEWS AND CHRISTIANS
prayer
PRAYER
  • PRAY 5 TIMES DAILY
  • EXPRESSION OF DEVOTION TO GOD
  • PRAY FACING MECCA AND KAABA
  • SAME MOTIONS AND WORDS EVERY TIME
  • CAN PRAY ANYWHERE AND SOMETIMES IN MOSQUE
  • GUIDED BY IMAM OR PRAYER LEADER
almsgiving
ALMSGIVING
  • GIVING OF CHARITY
  • REFLECTS IDEA OF WEALTHY HELPING POOR
  • PRIVATE AND PUBLIC
  • ALL MUSLIMS PAY “ZAKAT” OR PURIFICATION TAX ON PROPERTY TO BENEFIT POOR
  • ZAKAT IS FIXED ABOUT 2 ½ % OF ONES INCOME
  • HELPS KIN, THE NEEDY AND WAYFARER
fasting
FASTING
  • OCCURS DURING MONTH OF RAMADAN
  • CONSIDERED MONTH WHEN MUHAMMAD RECEIVED HIS REVELATION
  • DON’T EAT OR DRINK FROM SUNRISE TO SUNSET
  • EACH DAY ENDS AT SUNSET WITH CALL FOR PRAYER
  • END OF RAMADAN HAS THREE DAY CELEBRATION
slide11
HAJJ
  • PILGRIMAGE TO MECCA
  • EACH PERSON SHOULD MAKE TREK AT LEAST ONCE IN LIFETIME IF OF SOUND BODY AND FINANCIALLY ABLE TO MAKE TREK
  • HAPPENS 2 MONTHS 10 DAYS AFTER RAMADAN
  • CONSIST OF 3 DAY CEREMONY, PRAYER AND SACRIFICE
articles of faith
ARTICLES OF FAITH
  • BELIEF IN A SINGLE GOD
  • BELIEF IN ANGELS
  • BELIEF IN THE REVEALED BOOKS
  • BELIEF IN PROPHETS
  • BELIEF IN THE DAY OF JUDGMENT