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Mediterranean Living Heritage (MedLiHer) Implementing the Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage in Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon and the Syria Paris, 25 and 26 May 2009 Fernando Brugman UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage Section The ICH Convention

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Mediterranean Living Heritage

(MedLiHer)

Implementing the Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage

in Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon and the Syria

Paris, 25 and 26 May 2009

Fernando Brugman

UNESCO

Intangible Cultural Heritage Section

the ich convention
The ICH Convention
  • Adopted: October 2003
  • Open for ratification since November 2003
  • Ratified by 30 States: 20 January 2006
  • Entered into force: 20 April 2006
  • Ratified now by 112 States:
    • Egypt: 03.08.08 (ratification)
    • Jordan: 24.03.06 (ratification)
    • Lebanon: 08.01.07 (acceptance)
    • Syria: 11.03.05 (ratification)

The Al-Sirah Al-Hilaliyyah Epic, Egypt

Vietnamese Court Music

Nha Nhac

The Cultural Space of Sosso-Bala in Nyagassola, Guinea

defining ich
Defining ICH:

Expressions and practices, knowledge and skills that

  • are recognised by communities, groups, and in some cases individuals, as forming part of their cultural heritage
  • are living, transmitted from generation to generation and constantly recreated
  • are crucial for the sense of identity and continuity of communities and groups
  • are in conformity with human rights (+ sustainable development)
  • (belong to one or more of the relevant domains)

The definition also includes objects and spaces that are associated with manifestations of ICH

domains
Domains
  • Oral traditions and expressions, including language as a vehicle of the ICH
  • Performing arts
  • Social practices,

rituals and festive events

  • Knowledge and practices

concerning nature

and the universe

  • Traditional craftsmanship

The Traditional Music of Morin Khuur

Mongolia

goals
Goals
  • Safeguarding ICH: ensuring its viability (continued enactment and transmission) within communities/groups
  • Awareness-raising
  • Sharing and celebrating
  • Dialogue, respect for cultural diversity
  • International cooperation and assistance
role of states parties
Role of States Parties
  • Take necessary measures to ensure safeguarding (= ensure the viability of ICH)
  • Identify and define elements of intangible heritage, with participation of communities, groups and NGO’s

The Garifuna Language,

Dance and Music,Nicaragua

national safeguarding measures
National Safeguarding Measures
  • Inventory making
  • Adopt a general safeguarding policy
  • Establish competent safeguarding bodies
  • Foster studies and research methodologies
  • Adopt legal, technical, administrative and financial measures
  • Education, awareness-raising and promotion

Shashmaqom Music

Tajikistan - Uzbekistan

mechanism of the convention
Mechanism of the Convention
  • General Assembly of States Parties
  • Intergovernmental Committee for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage
  • Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity
  • List of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Need of Urgent Safeguarding
  • Programmes, projects and activities reflecting the principles and objectives of the Convention
  • Fund for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage
  • International assistance and cooperation
general assembly
General Assembly
  • Sovereign Body of the Convention
  • ordinary session every two years, and in extraordinary sessions
  • Elects the members of the Committee
  • Approves the Operational

Directives for the

implementation of the

Convention

  • 27-29 June 2006: 1 GA
  • 9 November: 1 EXT GA
  • 16-19 June 2008: 2 GA

The Al-Sirah Al-Hilaliyyah Epic, Egypt

intergovernmental committee
Intergovernmental Committee
  • 24 Members
  • 4-year term, renewal of half of the members every 2 years
  • Membership: determined by equitable geographical representation and rotation
  • Members to send experts as their representatives
  • Algeria: 1 COM (Nov.2006)
  • China: 1 EXT COM (May 2007)
  • Japan: 2 COM (Sept. 2007)
  • Bulgaria: 2 EXT COM (Feb. 2008)
  • Istanbul: 3 EXT COM (Nov. 2008)
  • ABU DHABI: 28/9-2/10 2009

The Art of Akyns, Kyrgyz Epic Tellers Kyrgyzstan

functions of the committee
Functions of the Committee
  • Prepare Operational Directives for implementation
  • Implement the Convention
    • Examine requests for:
      • inscription on the Lists
      • Article 18
      • international assistance
    • Make recommendations on safeguarding measures
    • Seek means of increasing its resources
    • Examine periodic reports of States Parties

The Pansori Epic Chant

Republic of Korea

the fund international assistance
International Assistance:

Safeguarding of heritage inscribed on the Urgent Safeguarding List

Preparation of inventories

Programmes, projects and other activities in the States Parties (incl. capacity building)

Preparatory assistance

The Fund: International Assistance

Congos of Villa Mella

Dominican Republic

features of the convention
Features of the Convention
  • Introduces a list system for visibility and safeguarding; other main focus on programmes and projects
  • Deals with heritage representative for communities (not of outstanding universal value)
  • Emphasis on living heritage, enacted by people, often collectively, mostly transmitted orally
  • Attention for processes/conditions rather than products
  • Role of communities/groups
  • Contribution to promotion of creativity and diversity, to well-being (of communities and groups and societies at large) and peaceful development
implementation operational directives
Implementation: Operational Directives
  • The Convention creates new mechanisms for the safeguarding of ICH, but does not provide specific instructions on how to implement them.
  • The Operational Directives serve as guidance for implementing the Convention
  • The Convention requests the Committee to prepare operational directives for the implementation of the Convention and submit them to the General Assembly for its approval
  • First set adopted by the General Assembly in June 2008
operational directives contents
Operational Directives Contents

Contents

Safeguarding intangible cultural heritage

  • Urgent Safeguarding List
  • Representative List
  • Incorporation “Masterpieces” into the Representative List
  • Programmes, projects and activities that best reflect the principles and objectives of the Convention

Intangible Cultural Heritage Fund and International Assistance

  • Guidelines for the use of the resources of the Fund
  • International assistance

Participation in the implementation of the Convention

  • Participation of communities, groups and, where applicable, individuals, as well as experts, centres of expertise and research institutes
  • Non-governmental organizations and the Convention

Reports by States Parties on the implementation of the Convention

urgent safeguarding list representative list
Urgent Safeguarding List Representative List
  • No simultaneous inscription on the Urgent Safeguarding List and Representative List
  • An element could be transferred from one List to the other when complying with all criteria of that List and following the nomination procedure
  • An element shall be removed from the Lists when it does not any longer satisfy criteria

Urgent Safeguarding List

Representative List

Take appropriate safeguarding measures

for ICH in danger

Ensure better visibility of the ICH and

awareness of its significance

Encourage dialogue which respects

cultural diversity

criteria
Criteria

Adopted by the General Assembly at its second session (June 2008)

two lists nomination procedure
Two Lists: Nomination procedure

Urgent Safeguarding List

Representative List

1. Preparatory Assistance

Deadline: 1 September

2. Preparation/Submission

Community involvement in the preparation of their nomination

Multi-national nominations

Evaluate the nomination as quickly as

possible after its submission

May be brought to the attention by any

other State Party, by the community

concerned or by an advisory organization.

Extreme urgency

3. Examination/Recommendation

  • Conformity with the inscription criteria
  • The viability of the element and
  • the feasibility and sufficiency of
  • the safeguarding plan.
  • The risk of its disappearing
  • Subsidiary body
  • Conformity with the inscription criteria

4. Evaluation/Decision

No resubmision: 4 years

If not inscribed

two lists for inscription in 2009
Two Lists For inscription in 2009

Urgent Safeguarding List

Deadline for the submission

15 Mar 2009

Number of files received

15

Representative List

Deadline for the submission

30 Sep 2008

Number of files received

111

Number of States submitting files

35

Number of multinational files

4

article 18 programmes projects and activities for the safeguarding of ich
Article 18: Programmes, projects and activities for the safeguarding of ICH
  • National, subregional and regional programmes, projects and activities best reflecting the principles and objectives of this Convention will be selected and promoted
  • Special attention is given to:
    • the needs of developing countries
    • the principle of equitable geographic distribution
  • Encourage submission of:
    • subregional or regional programmes, projects and activities
    • programmes, projects and activities undertaken jointly by States Parties in geographically discontinuous areas
    • Proposals characterized by international cooperation and/or focusing on specific priority aspects of safeguarding.
programmes projects and activities criteria
Programmes, projects and activities Criteria
  • Defined in Article 2.3 of the Convention
  • Promote the coordination at regional, subregional and/or international levels
  • Reflect the principles and objectives of the Convention
  • Demonstrate effectiveness in contributing to the viability of the ICH concerned (completed)
  • Demonstrate reasonable expectation for the contribution to substantially to the viability (underway or planned)
  • Implemented with the participation of the community, group or, if applicable, individuals concerned
  • Serve as a subregional, regional or international model
  • Willing to cooperate in the dissemination of best practices
  • Feature experiences that are susceptible to an assessment of their results
  • Applicable to the particular needs of developing countries
timeframe
Timeframe

Article 18

USL

RL

Preparatory

Assistance

1 Oct 2008 (2009)

1 Sep 2009 (2010)

1 Sep 2010 (2011)

1 Oct 2008 (2009)

1 Oct 2008 (2010)

1 Sep 2009 (2011)

Deadline for

submission

1 Mar 2009 (2009)

1 Mar 2010 (2010)

1 Mar 2011 (2011)

15 Mar 2009 (2009)

31 Mar 2009 (2010)

31 Mar 2010 (2011)

30 Sep 2008

31 Aug 2009

31 Aug 2010

Decisions to

be taken

September 2009

September 2010

September 2011

Sep 2009

Sep 2010

Sep 2011

international assistance purposes and budget
International Assistance Purposes and Budget

International Assistance: 70%

336 849 + 112 283 x 4 = 1.796.528 USD

  • Safeguarding the heritage inscribed on the Urgent Safeguarding List
  • Preparation of inventories
  • Support for programmes, projects and activities
  • Preparatory Assistance

(17.5% x 4)

international assistance selection criteria
International AssistanceSelection Criteria

Decisions on granting assistance will be made on the basis of the followingcriteria:

  • Involvement of communities, groups and/or individuals concerned
    • the preparation of the request
    • the implementation of the proposed activities, and
    • their evaluation and follow-up
  • Appropriate requested amount
  • Feasibility of the proposed activities
  • Sustainability
  • Cost sharing with the submitting State Party
  • Capacity building in the field of safeguarding intangible cultural heritage
international assistance deadlines
International AssistanceDeadlines

Type of assistance

Budget

DL of submission

Emergency Assistance

Any amount

At any time

Preparatory Assistance

< 25,000USD

1 September

Other Assistance

>= 25,000USD

1 May

< 25,000USA

Any time

accreditation of ngos
Accreditation of NGOs
  • NGOs that meet the criteria for accreditation may request to be accredited to provide advisory services to the Committee.
  • Accredited non-governmental organizations may be invited by the Committee to examine:

a. nomination files for the Urgent Safeguarding List;

b. the programmes, projects and activities mentioned in Article 18;

c. requests for international assistance above 25 000 USD;

d. the effects of safeguarding plans for elements inscribed on the Urgent Safeguarding List

  • Requests for accreditation can be submitted at any time.
accreditation of ngo current situation
Accreditation of NGOCurrent Situation
  • At its third session (Istanbul, 4-8 November 2008) the Committee examined requests that have been received in complete form before 1 September 2008.
  • At the Istanbul session, the Committee recommended 51 NGOs for accreditation by the General Assembly, and invited them to participate at its next session.
  • Requests for accreditation that are received after the deadline will be examined by the Committee at its following session (Abu Dhabi, September 2009).
  • The list is not geographically balanced, for the time being.
  • The modalities and methods of facilitating the contribution of NGOs from developing countries will be discussed at the next session.
accreditation of ngo criteria
Accreditation of NGOCriteria
  • NGOs shall:
      • Have proven competence, expertise and experience in safeguarding intangible cultural heritage belonging
      • Have a local, national, regional or international nature
      • Have objectives in conformity with the spirit of the Convention
      • Cooperate in a spirit of mutual respect with communities, groups, and, where appropriate, individuals
      • Possess operational capacities, including
        • regular active membership
        • an established domicile and a recognized legal personality
        • existence for at least four years
slide30

UNESCO

INTANGIBLE HERITAGE SECTION

1, rue Miollis

75732 Paris Cedex 15

France

Tel: 00 33 (0) 1456 84168

Fax: 00 33 (0) 1456 85752

f.brugman@unesco.org

www.unesco.org/culture/ich