Mediterranean Living Heritage (MedLiHer) Implementing the Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Her - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Mediterranean Living Heritage (MedLiHer) Implementing the Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Her

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  1. Mediterranean Living Heritage (MedLiHer) Implementing the Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage in Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon and the Syria Paris, 25 and 26 May 2009 Fernando Brugman UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage Section

  2. The ICH Convention • Adopted: October 2003 • Open for ratification since November 2003 • Ratified by 30 States: 20 January 2006 • Entered into force: 20 April 2006 • Ratified now by 112 States: • Egypt: 03.08.08 (ratification) • Jordan: 24.03.06 (ratification) • Lebanon: 08.01.07 (acceptance) • Syria: 11.03.05 (ratification) The Al-Sirah Al-Hilaliyyah Epic, Egypt Vietnamese Court Music Nha Nhac The Cultural Space of Sosso-Bala in Nyagassola, Guinea

  3. Defining ICH: Expressions and practices, knowledge and skills that • are recognised by communities, groups, and in some cases individuals, as forming part of their cultural heritage • are living, transmitted from generation to generation and constantly recreated • are crucial for the sense of identity and continuity of communities and groups • are in conformity with human rights (+ sustainable development) • (belong to one or more of the relevant domains) The definition also includes objects and spaces that are associated with manifestations of ICH

  4. Domains • Oral traditions and expressions, including language as a vehicle of the ICH • Performing arts • Social practices, rituals and festive events • Knowledge and practices concerning nature and the universe • Traditional craftsmanship The Traditional Music of Morin Khuur Mongolia

  5. Goals • Safeguarding ICH: ensuring its viability (continued enactment and transmission) within communities/groups • Awareness-raising • Sharing and celebrating • Dialogue, respect for cultural diversity • International cooperation and assistance

  6. Role of States Parties • Take necessary measures to ensure safeguarding (= ensure the viability of ICH) • Identify and define elements of intangible heritage, with participation of communities, groups and NGO’s The Garifuna Language, Dance and Music,Nicaragua

  7. National Safeguarding Measures • Inventory making • Adopt a general safeguarding policy • Establish competent safeguarding bodies • Foster studies and research methodologies • Adopt legal, technical, administrative and financial measures • Education, awareness-raising and promotion Shashmaqom Music Tajikistan - Uzbekistan

  8. Mechanism of the Convention • General Assembly of States Parties • Intergovernmental Committee for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage • Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity • List of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Need of Urgent Safeguarding • Programmes, projects and activities reflecting the principles and objectives of the Convention • Fund for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage • International assistance and cooperation

  9. General Assembly • Sovereign Body of the Convention • ordinary session every two years, and in extraordinary sessions • Elects the members of the Committee • Approves the Operational Directives for the implementation of the Convention • 27-29 June 2006: 1 GA • 9 November: 1 EXT GA • 16-19 June 2008: 2 GA The Al-Sirah Al-Hilaliyyah Epic, Egypt

  10. Intergovernmental Committee • 24 Members • 4-year term, renewal of half of the members every 2 years • Membership: determined by equitable geographical representation and rotation • Members to send experts as their representatives • Algeria: 1 COM (Nov.2006) • China: 1 EXT COM (May 2007) • Japan: 2 COM (Sept. 2007) • Bulgaria: 2 EXT COM (Feb. 2008) • Istanbul: 3 EXT COM (Nov. 2008) • ABU DHABI: 28/9-2/10 2009 The Art of Akyns, Kyrgyz Epic Tellers Kyrgyzstan

  11. Functions of the Committee • Prepare Operational Directives for implementation • Implement the Convention • Examine requests for: • inscription on the Lists • Article 18 • international assistance • Make recommendations on safeguarding measures • Seek means of increasing its resources • Examine periodic reports of States Parties The Pansori Epic Chant Republic of Korea

  12. International Assistance: Safeguarding of heritage inscribed on the Urgent Safeguarding List Preparation of inventories Programmes, projects and other activities in the States Parties (incl. capacity building) Preparatory assistance The Fund: International Assistance Congos of Villa Mella Dominican Republic

  13. Features of the Convention • Introduces a list system for visibility and safeguarding; other main focus on programmes and projects • Deals with heritage representative for communities (not of outstanding universal value) • Emphasis on living heritage, enacted by people, often collectively, mostly transmitted orally • Attention for processes/conditions rather than products • Role of communities/groups • Contribution to promotion of creativity and diversity, to well-being (of communities and groups and societies at large) and peaceful development

  14. Implementation: Operational Directives • The Convention creates new mechanisms for the safeguarding of ICH, but does not provide specific instructions on how to implement them. • The Operational Directives serve as guidance for implementing the Convention • The Convention requests the Committee to prepare operational directives for the implementation of the Convention and submit them to the General Assembly for its approval • First set adopted by the General Assembly in June 2008

  15. Operational Directives Contents Contents Safeguarding intangible cultural heritage • Urgent Safeguarding List • Representative List • Incorporation “Masterpieces” into the Representative List • Programmes, projects and activities that best reflect the principles and objectives of the Convention Intangible Cultural Heritage Fund and International Assistance • Guidelines for the use of the resources of the Fund • International assistance Participation in the implementation of the Convention • Participation of communities, groups and, where applicable, individuals, as well as experts, centres of expertise and research institutes • Non-governmental organizations and the Convention Reports by States Parties on the implementation of the Convention

  16. Urgent Safeguarding List Representative List • No simultaneous inscription on the Urgent Safeguarding List and Representative List • An element could be transferred from one List to the other when complying with all criteria of that List and following the nomination procedure • An element shall be removed from the Lists when it does not any longer satisfy criteria Urgent Safeguarding List Representative List Take appropriate safeguarding measures for ICH in danger Ensure better visibility of the ICH and awareness of its significance Encourage dialogue which respects cultural diversity

  17. Criteria Adopted by the General Assembly at its second session (June 2008)

  18. Two Lists: Nomination procedure Urgent Safeguarding List Representative List 1. Preparatory Assistance Deadline: 1 September 2. Preparation/Submission Community involvement in the preparation of their nomination Multi-national nominations Evaluate the nomination as quickly as possible after its submission May be brought to the attention by any other State Party, by the community concerned or by an advisory organization. Extreme urgency 3. Examination/Recommendation • Conformity with the inscription criteria • The viability of the element and • the feasibility and sufficiency of • the safeguarding plan. • The risk of its disappearing • Subsidiary body • Conformity with the inscription criteria 4. Evaluation/Decision No resubmision: 4 years If not inscribed

  19. Two Lists For inscription in 2009 Urgent Safeguarding List Deadline for the submission 15 Mar 2009 Number of files received 15 Representative List Deadline for the submission 30 Sep 2008 Number of files received 111 Number of States submitting files 35 Number of multinational files 4

  20. Article 18: Programmes, projects and activities for the safeguarding of ICH • National, subregional and regional programmes, projects and activities best reflecting the principles and objectives of this Convention will be selected and promoted • Special attention is given to: • the needs of developing countries • the principle of equitable geographic distribution • Encourage submission of: • subregional or regional programmes, projects and activities • programmes, projects and activities undertaken jointly by States Parties in geographically discontinuous areas • Proposals characterized by international cooperation and/or focusing on specific priority aspects of safeguarding.

  21. Programmes, projects and activities Criteria • Defined in Article 2.3 of the Convention • Promote the coordination at regional, subregional and/or international levels • Reflect the principles and objectives of the Convention • Demonstrate effectiveness in contributing to the viability of the ICH concerned (completed) • Demonstrate reasonable expectation for the contribution to substantially to the viability (underway or planned) • Implemented with the participation of the community, group or, if applicable, individuals concerned • Serve as a subregional, regional or international model • Willing to cooperate in the dissemination of best practices • Feature experiences that are susceptible to an assessment of their results • Applicable to the particular needs of developing countries

  22. Timeframe Article 18 USL RL Preparatory Assistance 1 Oct 2008 (2009) 1 Sep 2009 (2010) 1 Sep 2010 (2011) 1 Oct 2008 (2009) 1 Oct 2008 (2010) 1 Sep 2009 (2011) Deadline for submission 1 Mar 2009 (2009) 1 Mar 2010 (2010) 1 Mar 2011 (2011) 15 Mar 2009 (2009) 31 Mar 2009 (2010) 31 Mar 2010 (2011) 30 Sep 2008 31 Aug 2009 31 Aug 2010 Decisions to be taken September 2009 September 2010 September 2011 Sep 2009 Sep 2010 Sep 2011

  23. The Use of the Resources of the Fund

  24. International Assistance Purposes and Budget International Assistance: 70% 336 849 + 112 283 x 4 = 1.796.528 USD • Safeguarding the heritage inscribed on the Urgent Safeguarding List • Preparation of inventories • Support for programmes, projects and activities • Preparatory Assistance (17.5% x 4)

  25. International AssistanceSelection Criteria Decisions on granting assistance will be made on the basis of the followingcriteria: • Involvement of communities, groups and/or individuals concerned • the preparation of the request • the implementation of the proposed activities, and • their evaluation and follow-up • Appropriate requested amount • Feasibility of the proposed activities • Sustainability • Cost sharing with the submitting State Party • Capacity building in the field of safeguarding intangible cultural heritage

  26. International AssistanceDeadlines Type of assistance Budget DL of submission Emergency Assistance Any amount At any time Preparatory Assistance < 25,000USD 1 September Other Assistance >= 25,000USD 1 May < 25,000USA Any time

  27. Accreditation of NGOs • NGOs that meet the criteria for accreditation may request to be accredited to provide advisory services to the Committee. • Accredited non-governmental organizations may be invited by the Committee to examine: a. nomination files for the Urgent Safeguarding List; b. the programmes, projects and activities mentioned in Article 18; c. requests for international assistance above 25 000 USD; d. the effects of safeguarding plans for elements inscribed on the Urgent Safeguarding List • Requests for accreditation can be submitted at any time.

  28. Accreditation of NGOCurrent Situation • At its third session (Istanbul, 4-8 November 2008) the Committee examined requests that have been received in complete form before 1 September 2008. • At the Istanbul session, the Committee recommended 51 NGOs for accreditation by the General Assembly, and invited them to participate at its next session. • Requests for accreditation that are received after the deadline will be examined by the Committee at its following session (Abu Dhabi, September 2009). • The list is not geographically balanced, for the time being. • The modalities and methods of facilitating the contribution of NGOs from developing countries will be discussed at the next session.

  29. Accreditation of NGOCriteria • NGOs shall: • Have proven competence, expertise and experience in safeguarding intangible cultural heritage belonging • Have a local, national, regional or international nature • Have objectives in conformity with the spirit of the Convention • Cooperate in a spirit of mutual respect with communities, groups, and, where appropriate, individuals • Possess operational capacities, including • regular active membership • an established domicile and a recognized legal personality • existence for at least four years

  30. UNESCO INTANGIBLE HERITAGE SECTION 1, rue Miollis 75732 Paris Cedex 15 France Tel: 00 33 (0) 1456 84168 Fax: 00 33 (0) 1456 85752 f.brugman@unesco.org www.unesco.org/culture/ich