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Mediterranean Basin. Greer Manton Ben Hughes Brandi Alfaro. Mediterranean Basin - overview. Location: Covers from Portugal to Jordan (W  E) and Italy to Morocco (N  S) Europe, Asia, Africa) Climate: Cool, wet winters Hot, dry summers Ratio: 111:5 (population to extinct species)

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Mediterranean Basin

Greer Manton

Ben Hughes

Brandi Alfaro

mediterranean basin overview
Mediterranean Basin - overview
  • Location:
    • Covers from Portugal to Jordan (W  E) and Italy to Morocco (N  S)
    • Europe, Asia, Africa)
  • Climate:
    • Cool, wet winters
    • Hot, dry summers
  • Ratio:
    • 111:5 (population to extinct species)
      • Population of people being low makes extinction low
      • More people = more development = less habitat
  • Additional Info:
    • One of largest chain of islands
    • 4,500 m. high mountains
    • Population increase = development increase
mediterranean basin hot spot
Mediterranean Basin – hot spot
  • Hot spot
    • Rare and native species
    • Needs a lot of protection
  • Threatened species
    • More people = more development
  • 22,500 different plant species
mediterranean basin unique biodiversity
Mediterranean Basin- Unique Biodiversity
  • Vertebrates: 1,240 species
    • Monk seal: flagship specie- less than 400 in the wild
    • Spanish Imperial Eagle: threatened endemic;only 350 grown adults
  • Plants: 22,500 species
    • 52% are found nowhere else in the world
    •  endemics are mainly on islands and peninsulas
      • Argan tree
mediterranean basin human impact
Mediterranean Basin- Human Impact
  • Habitat Fragmentation
    • Only scattered patches of vegetation
    • extremely vulnerable to habitat loss, urban expansion, and overgrazing
  • Human Development
    • Settlers for over 8,000 years
    • Deforestation to create agricultural lands
  • Tourism
    • Shores are biggest large-scale tourist attraction
      • Direct impact on native species