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Coal Mining. EGEE 211 By: Dave Grube, Patrick Ciarrocchi, Andy Sankovich, John Ritter. Old Time Mining. Main Parts of the Underground Mine The Main Rock man Rooms About 24 feet wide The Face Working surface of the mine. http://www.lib.iup.edu/spec_coll/articles/old_time_mining.html.

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coal mining

Coal Mining

EGEE 211

By: Dave Grube, Patrick Ciarrocchi, Andy Sankovich, John Ritter

old time mining
Old Time Mining
  • Main Parts of the Underground Mine
    • The Main
      • Rock man
    • Rooms
      • About 24 feet wide
    • The Face
      • Working surface of the mine

http://www.lib.iup.edu/spec_coll/articles/old_time_mining.html

old time mining3
Old Time Mining
  • Common Machines and Tools
    • Picks & shovels
    • Early auger & drill
    • Early Cutting Machines
      • Powered by compressed air
      • Later by electricity
    • Explosives
      • What type depended on the coal
    • Davy Lamp
old time mining4
Old Time Mining
  • Examples of Personal Equipment
    • Leather hats
    • Torch Lamps
      • Called “Sunshine Lamps”
    • Carbide Lamps
    • Lunch bucket
    • In-Out Token
old time mining5
Old Time Mining
  • Transportation of Coal
    • Mules and Coal cars
    • Rope Haulage
      • Roller tenders
    • Motor Haulage
      • Wiremen
      • Small Electric Locomotives
      • Face Conveyor
        • Employed in later years

http://www.lib.iup.edu/spec_coll/articles/old_time_mining.html

old time mining6
Old Time Mining
  • Some Early Jobs in the Mine
    • Motorman
    • Spragger
    • Trapper
    • Dock Boss
    • Barn Boss
    • Pick Miner
    • Shot-firer

http://www.lib.iup.edu/spec_coll/articles/old_time_mining.html

old time mining7
Old Time Mining
  • Some Early Jobs (cont.)
    • Fire boss
    • Foreman
    • Cutter & Scraper
old time mining8
Old Time Mining
  • Common way to shoot coal before the 1940s
    • Make a V-shaped cut with pick underneath the coal seam
    • Prop it up with wood
    • Make a small pocket for the auger
    • Auger the hole out
    • Roll up explosive in a tube of newspaper
    • Tamp
    • Squib the charge
    • Yell Fire! Three times
    • Light the Squib and run
modern coal mining
Modern Coal Mining
  • Machines and Tools used in Underground Mining
    • Continuous Miner
    • Long-wall Miner
      • Used in Long-wall Mining
      • Ex. Consol Energy mines in PA
    • Shuttle cars (“man-trip”)
    • Roof Bolters
    • Scoops
    • Ventilation Fans
    • Rock Dusters
    • Other Loading Machines

http://www.joy.com/jmm/photo_gallery

modern coal mining10
Modern Coal Mining
  • Examples of Personal Equipment
    • Plastic Hard Hats
      • Electric Lights
    • Self-rescuers
    • Lunch Bucket
      • Changed little from 100 years ago
    • In-Out Token
modern coal mining11
Modern Coal Mining
  • Today’s Jobs
    • The increasing development of technology made the early jobs in the mine obsolete
    • Very few miners today compared to 50 years ago
    • Gross tonnage has increased with less miners due to technology

http://www.consolenergy.com/

sources
Sources
  • http://www.coaleducation.org/technology/Pictorial_History.htm
  • http://www.lib.iup.edu/spec_coll/articles/old_time_mining.html
  • http://www.joy.com/jmm/photo_gallery/photo-display.html?12CM27-Underground