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Hazardous Materials Incidents by Chris Hawley. CHAPTER 8: HAZMAT and Law Enforcement . Chapter 8: Overview. Introduction Common HAZMAT incidents for law enforcement Clandestine labs Explosives incidents SWAT operations Evidence collection Summary. Author Note .

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Hazardous Materials Incidents by Chris Hawley

CHAPTER 8: HAZMAT and Law Enforcement

chapter 8 overview
Chapter 8: Overview
  • Introduction
  • Common HAZMAT incidents for law enforcement
  • Clandestine labs
  • Explosives incidents
  • SWAT operations
  • Evidence collection
  • Summary
author note
Author Note
  • Even though this section is labeled law enforcement, it applies to all emergency responders.
  • This unit should be taught to all responders as the situations discussed here are crimes, but usually involve the other response agencies.
common situations for chemical exposure
Common Situations for Chemical Exposure
  • Blood-borne pathogen situations
    • Shootings, stabbings
    • Blood, saliva, and urine
    • Disease exposure
  • Drugs
    • Exposure to drugs (evidence)
    • Huffing situations
clandestine labs
Clandestine Labs
  • Common types of labs
    • Drug labs
    • Explosives labs
    • Chemical weapon labs
    • Biological weapon labs
  • All labs have inherent dangers, not to mention the two-legged threat.
drug labs
Drug Labs
  • Drug labs can be found anywhere.
    • Homes, hotels, storage units
    • Rental trucks, barns, buildings
  • Methamphetamine is the most common.
    • In 2002, more than 12,175 labs were raided.
  • Meth labs and other drug labs are very dangerous operations.
explosives labs
Explosives Labs
  • Not common
  • Usually a hobbyist
    • Fireworks
  • Bomb squad should always investigate
    • Retreat and wait for bomb technician
terrorism agent labs
Terrorism Agent Labs
  • Least likely to be encountered
    • Most probable would be a biological toxin
      • Ricin lab or manufacturing
chemical agent labs
Chemical Agent Labs
  • Chemical agent labs
    • Chemistry setup
  • Two types
    • Manufacturing
    • Condensing
biological agents labs
Biological Agents Labs
  • Biology lab equipment
    • Petri dishes
    • Incubator
explosives incidents
Explosives Incidents
  • Are much like HAZMAT incidents
    • Require special PPE
    • Require isolation and evacuation
    • Require special training and equipment
swat operations
SWAT Operations
  • Gathering of intelligence is very important.
    • Chemical information valuable.
    • Greatest threat from gun shots
  • Chemical threat
    • Adds to the planning process
    • May add additional PPE
    • Adds decontamination considerations
chemicals and swat
Chemicals and SWAT
  • SWAT operators should not get off target thinking about the chemical risk.
    • Focus should be on apprehending the criminal.
  • Training with specialized equipment is very important.
  • Protective equipment should protect against primary hazard.
swat setup
SWAT Setup
  • Air monitors should be used.
  • Avoid breaching charges or flash bangs in potentially flammable situations.
  • SWAT operator and prisoner decon should be thought out and prepared.
evidence collection 1 of 2
Evidence Collection (1 of 2)
  • Evidence collection is not time-dependent and can often wait.
  • Remove the hazard from the crime scene.
  • Everyone operating in the crime scene must have HAZMAT training.
evidence collection 2 of 2
Evidence Collection (2 of 2)
  • Chain of custody issues with HAZMAT
    • Decontamination
  • Evidence collection a specialized field
    • Rules of evidence apply
    • Special equipment required
  • May need additional personnel
summary
Summary
  • Common HAZMAT incidents for law enforcement
  • Clandestine labs
  • Explosives incidents
  • SWAT operations
  • Evidence collection