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HAZARDOUS MATERIALS

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  1. HAZARDOUS MATERIALS

  2. SELF-TEST • 1. What are the two major groups of Hazardous Materials? • 2. What are the steps that comprise the process of Hazardous Materials handling? • 3. What is a MSDS sheet? • 4. How should Hazardous Chemicals be stored? • 5. What is PPE?

  3. GOAL • Minimize/prevent claims of personal injury, liability, and property damage associated with the improper handling, storage, and/or disposal of hazardous materials

  4. OBJECTIVES • Understand how to recognize hazardous materials in the workplace • Understand the processes of how to develop and manage the safe and proper handling, storage, and disposal of hazardous materials • Understand how to minimize the risk of handling, storing, and disposing of hazardous materials • Understand the components necessary to comply with the Loss Prevention audit questions

  5. Regulations & Requirements

  6. Federal Regulations • 29 CFR 1910– Workplace Safety (OSHA) • 40 CFR – Environment (EPA) • 49 CFR – Transportation (DOT)

  7. Generator Transporter Secondary Consumer Disposer Secondary Transporter

  8. General Safety Audit Question #10 • A. “Is there a written hazardous materials program including policies and procedures for handling, storing and using hazardous materials from receipt through final disposal? • B. “Are there any hazardous materials present? If so:

  9. General Safety Audit Question #10 cont’d • “Is there training and appropriate monitoring of personnel who manage or regularly come into contact with hazardous materials? • “Are there procedures to follow in the use of Personal Protective Equipment and directions to get assistance?

  10. General Safety Audit Question #10 cont’d • “Are Material Safety Data Sheets reviewed with the employee, maintained in the work area and made available to the employee?”

  11. HAZ-MAT HANDLING

  12. General Process • 1. Recognize hazardous materials • 2. Research and develop policies and procedures • 3. Evaluate for effectiveness • 4. Revise & re-implement, when needed

  13. Hazardous material Physical Health DEFINITIONS

  14. Corrosives • Explosives Flammables • Oxidizers Combustibles • Peroxides Examples

  15. Examples cont’d • Bio-hazardous materials • Carcinogens • Ionizing radiation • Poisons & etiological agents • Compressed gases

  16. DEFINITIONS • Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)— • Devices and equipment that provides a barrier between an employee and a hazardous environment • Routes of exposure • Ingestion • Inhalation • Perenteral • Cutaneous

  17. 1. Recognize • Identify ALL processes that utilize hazardous chemicals in the workplace • ALL locations • ALL buildings

  18. Examples • Maintenance operations • Chiller systems, boiler systems, paints, adhesives, lubricants, solvents, poisons, fuels • Manufacturing/Production operations • Dyes, inks, paints, compressed gases, fuels, etc…

  19. Examples • Scientific/Research operations • Laboratory chemicals, bio-hazardous materials, ionizing radiation sources • Custodial operations • Cleansers, bleach, waxes & polishes, disinfectants

  20. 2. Research/& Develop • Use MSDS’s to research: • PPE requirements • Requires Haz-Com knowledge and implementation!! • Spill/release procedures

  21. 2. Research & Develop • Emergency procedures • Ex. Fire fighting • Control measures • Emergency equipment • PPE

  22. PPE • Usage • Availability • Selection • Adequate type and class

  23. Only use ANSI approved protection!!!

  24. PPE • Fit • Individual basis • Inspection • Prior to use • Maintenance & decontamination • Consult manufacturer for approved methods

  25. PPE types

  26. PPE types • Head protection • 2 types • 4 classes • Eye and face protection • Must meet ANSI 287.1-1968

  27. Ear protection Respiratory protection PPE types cont’d

  28. Torso protection Foot and leg protection PPE types cont’d

  29. Arm and hand protection PPE types cont’d

  30. PPE Classes

  31. Class A • Highest level of respiratory, eye, and skin protection

  32. Class B • Highest level of respiratory and eye protection • Cutaneous and percutaneous exposure to small unprotected areas is not probable

  33. Class C • Same as level B, but a lesser level of respiratory protection

  34. Class D • Basicwork uniform

  35. 2. Policies & Procedures • Develop and implement work procedures • MSDS should be readily available • Develop & implement PPE Policy • Should apply to ALL affected employees, vendors, and visitors!!

  36. 2. Policies & Procedures • Establish a procurement procedure • Establish safe work practices

  37. Procurement Policy & Procedure • Indicate responsibilities and procedures for: • Ordering • Receiving • Inventories

  38. Ordering • Identify procedure for requesting an order • Who’s responsibility? • Name • Phone Number • Email address • Form?? • Do NOT order if: • PPE is not available • Adequate storage facility not available • Cannot use all prior to the shelf-life

  39. Do NOT order if: • 1. PPE is not available • Adequate storage facility not • available • 3. Cannot use all prior to the shelf-life

  40. Receiving • Who’s responsibility? • Do NOT accept if: • Not properly labeled • Package is not intact • No MSDS

  41. Inventory • Each location • Indicate frequency • Record-keeping requirements

  42. Safe Work Practices • No smoking while handling • Always wear proper PPE • Always handle with care • Avoid skin contact • Wash hands prior to leaving work area

  43. Safe Work Practices • Treat all unknown chemicals as hazardous materials • Containers are NOT to be used for food preparation or consumption • Use proper containment when transporting through work area

  44. 3. Evaluate • Routine inspections • Identify concerns • Examples • Quarterly or Monthly safety inspections • State Fire Marshal inspections • ORM audit inspection

  45. 4. Revise • Implement corrective action to correct identified concerns • Examples • Revising policies/procedures • Retraining employees • Re-organizing the workplace • Procuring supplies

  46. HAZ-MAT STORAGE

  47. DEFINITIONS • Flashpoint • Flammable • Combustible • Oxidizer • Incompatability

  48. General Process • 1. Identify hazardous materials to be stored • 2. Communicate reportable quantities • 3. Research and plan • 4. Layout the storage area • 5. Establish procedures • 6. Implement necessary controls • 7. Evaluate (and revise as necessary)

  49. 1. Identify • All haz-mat to be stored • Include ALL locations

  50. 2. Communicate • Reportable quantities • Louisiana State Police • Tier II form • Local fire departments • LEPC • Local Emergency Planning Committee • One in each parish