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Initial VSC Training Program Purpose To qualify members of the United States Coast Guard Auxiliary and the United States Power Squadrons as Vessel Examiners Chapter 1 one of three Definitions The VSC Program The Vessel Examiner The Vessel Safety Check

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initial vsc training program
Initial VSC Training Program

Purpose

To qualify members of the United States Coast Guard Auxiliary and the

United States Power Squadrons as Vessel Examiners

chapter 1 one of three
Chapter 1 one of three
  • Definitions
  • The VSC Program
  • The Vessel Examiner
  • The Vessel Safety Check
chapter 1 two of three
Chapter 1 two of three
  • Vessels eligible for the VSC
  • Vessels NOT eligible for the VSC
  • Activities beyond the scope of the VSC
  • Relations with Law Enforcement officials
chapter 1 three of three
Chapter 1 three of three
  • District supervision of the VSC Program
  • VSC performed outside your home District
  • Vessel Examiner qualifications
chapter 2 vessel safety check techniques
Chapter 2 – Vessel Safety Check Techniques
  • This chapter addresses the techniques that the Vessel Examiner should be aware of and adhere to when performing a Vessel Safety Check
chapter two one of two
Chapter Two one of two
  • The Vessel Examiner
  • Educational Materials
  • Exchange Boating Information
chapter two two of two
Chapter Two two of two
  • Conducting the VSC
  • Awarding the VSC Decal
chapter 3 the vsc decal requirements
Chapter 3 – The VSC Decal Requirements
  • This chapter focuses on what the Vessel Examiner and the boater need to understand to ensure the safety of the boat and its passengers.
letters and numbers must be
Letters and numbers must be:
  • At least 3” high.
  • Block-type letters.
  • Color contrast with hull color.
  • Space or hyphen between letters and numbers equal to the width of another letter except “I”.
  • Attached to forward half of the boat.
  • State decal is placed according to the requirements of the state of registration.
boat numbers
Boat Numbers

PLACEMENT

Painted or Attached

to Each Side of Bow

Always Read Left to Right

CHARACTERS

Block not less than

3 inches high

FL 1234 AB

COLOR

Must be of a Color

Contrasting to the

Background

SPACING

Hyphen or Equivalent Space

Between 3 Parts of Number

FL 1234 AB

FL-1234-AB

FL1234AB

FL 1234 AB

most power driven vessels must be see exceptions
Most Power Driven Vessels Must Be (see exceptions)
  • Registered or
  • Documented
  • Review the exceptions
  • Registration or Documentation paper must be onboard while underway and during the VSC
the legal paperwork one of two
The Legal Paperwork one of two
  • State Registration
  • Must be registered in the state of principal use.
  • Vessel numbers are obtained from the State
  • Vessel numbers remain with the vessel after it is sold.
the legal paperwork two of two
The Legal Paperwork two of two
  • Documented Vessel
  • 5 or more net tons.
  • Pleasure use only.
  • Owner must be US Citizen.
hull identification number
Hull Identification Number
  • HIN
  • Usually on Starboard Side of Transom
hull identification number16
Hull Identification Number

DATE OF

CERTIFICATION

MANUFACTURERS

I.D. CODE

HULL SERIAL

NUMBER

  • Before July 31, 1984
  • Since August 1, 1984

A B C 4 5 6 7 8 M 7 3 E

MANUFACTURERS

I.D. CODE

HULL SERIAL

NUMBER

OPTIONAL METHOD

DATE OFCERTIFICATION

A B C 4 5 6 7 8 A 4 9 2

MODEL

YEAR

MANUFACTURERS

I.D. CODE

DATE OF

CERTIFICATION

HULL SERIAL

NUMBER

personal flotation devices life jackets one of two
Personal Flotation Devices (Life Jackets) one of two
  • Must Be Coast Guard approved and suitable size for wearer
  • For boats Less than 16’
    • One wearable for each person
  • For boats 16’ and longer
    • One wearable for each person
    • PLUS one throwable on the boat
personal flotation devices life jackets two of two
Personal Flotation Devices (Life jackets) two of two
  • Wearable life jackets
    • Readily accessible
  • Throwable PFDs
    • Immediately available
  • All life jackets/PFDs
    • Good and serviceable condition
type i offshore jacket
Type I Offshore Jacket
  • 22 Pounds Flotation
  • Will turn most unconscious people face up
  • Acceptable on all recreational boats and commercial vessels
type ii near shore buoyant vest
Type II Near Shore Buoyant Vest
  • 15.5 Pounds Flotation
  • May turn most unconscious people face up
  • Acceptable on all recreational boats
type iii flotation aid
Type III Flotation Aid
  • 15.5 Pounds Flotation
  • Many special designs for water sports
  • Acceptable on all recreational boats
type iv throwable
Type IV Throwable
  • Designed to be thrown, NOT WORN.
  • Must have on aboard for boats 16 feet or longer.
type v
Type V
  • May provide the performance of Type I, II or III as marked on the label
  • The label may state “approved only when worn”, if so, it must be worn during the VSC.
fully inflatable pfd
Fully inflatable PFD
  • Must be worn!
  • May perform as a type II or III when inflated
  • Manual and/or automatic inflatable
  • Demonstrate the method of checking this device
visual distress signal required
Visual Distress Signal Required

Approved VDS for:

  • All vessels > 16 feet
  • Operating on the “high seas”, Great Lakes or Coastal & Inland waters of the US
visual distress signal exemptions
Visual Distress Signal Exemptions
  • Vessels participating in an organized parade or similar event
  • A manually propelled boat
  • Sailboat under 26 feet of open construction and no propulsion equipment (engine)
visual distress signals
Visual Distress Signals
  • Day - Night
  • Pyrotechnic - Non-Pyrotechnic
  • Coastal Waters - Great Lakes –Inland Waters
pyrotechnic visual distress signals
Pyrotechnic Visual Distress Signals
  • Day
    • Smoke
  • Night
    • Hand Held Flares
    • Aerial Flares
      • Keep Dry - Short burn time
      • Use only when they might be seen
visual distress signals vds
Visual Distress Signals (VDS)
  • Daytime Pyrotechnic Devices
  • Orange Smoke
  • Hand Held Flares
  • Aerial Flares
visual distress signals vds38
Visual Distress Signals (VDS)
  • Nighttime Non-Pyrotechnic Devices
  • Flash Light (SOS)

( hand held flood or

spot lights are acceptable)

visual distress signals vds39
Visual Distress Signals (VDS)
  • Nighttime Pyrotechnic Devices
  • Hand Held Flare
  • Aerial Flare
  • Controlled fire on Boat

(Not Recommended)

fire extinguishers
Fire Extinguishers
  • Boats required to carry

*Review list from manual

  • Should be checked monthly to insure they are operational
types of fires
Types of Fires
  • A - Wood, Paper, Cloth
  • B - Oil, Grease, Gasoline
  • C - Electrical
  • D - Burning Metal
fire extinguishers42
Fire Extinguishers
  • Must be Coast Guard approved
  • Coast Guard classification
    • B-I, B-II
    • Indicates weight of agent
    • Type of fire
types of fire extinguishers
Types of Fire Extinguishers
  • Carbon Dioxide
  • Dry Chemicals
  • Halon

*Halon replacementsuch as FE 241 is now

available.

class b fire extinguishers
Class B Fire Extinguishers

Coast Guard

Classification

(type-size)

B-II

B-I

Underwriter’s

Laboratory

Listing

10B

5B

Carbon

Dioxide

(lbs.)

15

4

Dry

Chemical

(lbs.)

2

10

Halon

(lbs.)

2.5

10

slide45

Minimum Number of Hand Portable

Fire Extinguishers With and Without

Fixed Extinguishing Systems

Fixed fire

extinguishing

system in

machinery space

No fixed

system in

machinery space

Length of Vessel

1 B-I

None

Less than 26 feet

2 B-I or 1 B-II

1 B-I

26 ft. to under 40 ft.

3 B-I or

1 B-I and 1 B-II

2 B-I or 1 B-II

40 ft. to 65 ft.

using a fire extinguisher
Using a Fire Extinguisher
  • Pull the safety pin.
  • Aim the discharge of the

at the base of the flames.

  • Squeeze the Handle
  • Sweep the discharge of the

extinguisher from side to side

ventilation system
Ventilation System

General Precautions:

Use your Nose

If you smell gasoline,

DO NOT START THE ENGINE.

Find the source of the leak

and fix it!

ventilation
Ventilation

Ventilation is not required in

open boats.

(Engine and Fuel tank are

out in the open.)

ventilation systems
Ventilation Systems

Powered Ventilation Systems

ventilation systems52
Ventilation Systems

Powered Ventilation Systems

warning label
Warning Label

Warning

Gas vapors can explode

Before starting engine, operate blower for four minutes and check engine compartment and bilge for gas vapors

sound producing devices
Sound Producing Devices
  • Electric Horn
  • Airhorn
  • Coach’s Whistle
  • Whistle
slide59

Sound Producing Devices

Audibility Range Required:

Less than 65 feet long ----- 0.5 mile

Longer than 65 feet ----- 1 mile

added requirements over 65 ft
Added Requirements over 65 ft

Bell

[May apply to shorter vessels by State requirements]

definitions
Definitions
  • Sidelight
  • Sternlight
  • Towing light
  • All-Around light
  • Flashing light
  • Special flashing light
arc of visibility
Arc of visibility
  • Port – red 112.5o
  • Starboard – green 112.5o
  • Stern – white 135o
  • Masthead – white 225o
  • Anchor –white 360o
sail 23 feet and vessel under oars may
Sail <23 feet and Vessel under oars may:

Carry a flashlight or lantern showing a white light that could be displayed in time to prevent a collision

additional requirements
Additional Requirements
  • Anchor lights
    • Exclusions
  • Sailboat when under power is a power boat
  • Day Shapes
the federal water pollution control act
The Federal WaterPollution Control Act
  • Prohibits the discharge of oil or hazardous substances into U.S. navigable waters.
  • Vessels longer than 26 feet must display a placard
    • 5 x 8 durable material
    • In a conspicuous place near bilge pump station and machinery space
  • See page 25 for details
marpol placards
MARPOL Placards
  • The Act to Prevent Pollution from ships (MARPOL ANNEX V) places limitations on the discharge of garbage from vessels.
  • Vessels of 26 feet or longer must display, in a prominent location, a durable, placard at least 4 x 9 inches notifying the crew and passengers of the discharge restrictions
marpol exceptions
MARPOL Exceptions
  • Recreational vessels used exclusively in the Great Lakes may use the Annex V placards or a specially developed placard that prohibits the dumping of garbage.
  • The trash placard is NOT required on inland lakes and sole state waters unless specified by State or Local regulations.
trash plan requirement
Trash Plan Requirement
  • Boats 40 ft or longer and equipped with a galley and berthing must have a writtenTrash Management Plan
msd requirements
MSD Requirements
  • All recreational vessels with installed toilet facilities MUST have an operable marine sanitation device (MSD) on board. Direct discharge toilets are illegal.
    • Vessels < 65 feet may install type I, II or III MSD
    • Vessels 65 feet or longer must install a type II or III MSD
types of msd
Types of MSD

Type I and Type II devices are waste treatment units and have the ability to discharge overboard.

Type III devices re-circulate waste. They are discharged at a pump out station in a legal dumping area.

no discharge area
No-Discharge Area

A Type I or II MSD must be adequately secured while the vessel is in a no-discharge area to prevent any overboard discharge of treated or untreated sewage.

carriage of inland navigation rules
Carriage of Inland Navigation Rules
  • The owner or operator of each self-propelled vessel 39.4 feet or longer shall carry on board and maintain for ready reference a complete and current copy of the Navigation Rules.  
state and local requirements
State and Local Requirements
  • The requirements of the state and local law enforcement jurisdictions where the VSC is conducted will be included in the VSC criteria.
  • While states may require liability insurance, license restrictions, or specific activity equipment, only equipment directly related to vessel safety or items on the VSC checklist will be considered.
overall vessel condition
Overall Vessel Condition
  • The vessel must have a safe overall condition in order to meet the finalrequirement for the VSC decal.
  • Following are some applicable items critical to the safety of the vessel and must be acceptable before the VE awards the VSC decal.
overall vessel condition78
Overall Vessel Condition
  • Deck free of hazards
  • Clean Bilge
  • Electrical Systems
  • Fuel Systems
  • Galley
  • Heating System
chapter 4 recommended discussion items
Chapter 4 – Recommended & Discussion Items
  • This chapter provides information on items not required by Federal Regulations but strongly recommended for the safety of recreational boaters.
marine radio
Marine Radio
  • Distress Calls
    • MAYDAY
    • PAN-PAN
    • SECURITY
  • Radio Licenses
  • Radio Listening Watch
  • False Distress Signals
dewatering devices and backup
Dewatering Devices and Backup
  • At least one effective dewatering device
  • Also one manual device such as a pail or hand pump
mounted fire extinguishers
Mounted Fire Extinguishers
  • While it is NOT required to mount fire extinguishers, it is recommended that they be mounted in a readily visible and consistent location known to all aboard.
slide85

Should Have An Anchor

And Line Suitable For

Boat And Boating Area.

first aid kits
First Aid Kits
  • Boaters are encouraged to carry additional safety equipment including a First Aid Kit. These can be purchased in various sizes, depending on the type of boating a person does (small lakes versus offshore cruising).
person in water kits
Person in Water Kits
  • A line attached to the PFD or ring thrown to a PIW will provide a means for pulling the Person in the Water back to the vessel.
vds onboard for some inland use
VDS Onboard for some Inland Use
  • Although not required for some localities, it is always a good idea to have a way to signal for HELP.
capacity plate information
Capacity Plate Information
  • Outboards
    • U.S. Coast Guard Capacity Information
      • Maximum Horse Power
      • Maximum Persons Capacity
      • Maximum Weight Capacity
        • Persons Motor & Gear
  • Inboards
    • U.S. Coast Guard Capacity Information
      • Maximum Persons Capacity
      • Maximum Weight Capacity
        • Persons Motor & Gear
capacity plate for outboards
Capacity Plate for Outboards

U.S. COAST GUARD CAPACITY INFORMATION

MAXIMUM HORSE POWER

MAXIMUM PERSONS CAPACITY (POUNDS)

MAXIMUM WEIGHT CAPACITY

PERSONS MOTOR & GEAR (POUNDS)

slide91

Capacity Plate for Inboards

U.S. COAST GUARD CAPACITY INFORMATION

MAXIMUM PERSONS CAPACITY (POUNDS)

MAXIMUM WEIGHT CAPACITY

PERSONS MOTOR & GEAR (POUNDS)

compliance plate
Compliance Plate

THIS BOAT COMPLIES WITH U.S. COST GUARD

SAFETY STANDARDS IN EFFECT ON THE DATE OF

CERTIFICATION

MODEL NO. SERIAL NO.

MFD BY

discussion items one of two
Discussion Items one of two

a. Accident reporting / Owner responsibility

b. Offshore Operation

c. Nautical Charts / Navigation Aids

d. Survival Tips / First Aid

discussion items two of two
Discussion Items two of two

e. Fueling / Fuel Mgt.

f. Float Plan / Weather & Sea Conditions

g. Insurance Considerations

h. Boating Check List

i. Safe Boating Classes

warning systems
Warning Systems
  • Fire Detectors
  • Smoke Detectors
  • Fire Ports
  • Combustible Fumes Detectors
  • Carbon Monoxide Detectors
  • Fire Extinguisher Alarms
emergency gear bag
Emergency Gear Bag

Emergency Gear Bag

chapter 5 forms and materials
Chapter 5 – Forms and Materials
  • This chapter provides information on resources and forms applicable to the Vessel Safety Check Program.
chapter 5
Chapter 5
  • Federal Requirements Pamphlet
  • Coast Guard Infoline
  • State Requirements
  • VSC Form 7012
useful web sites
Useful WEB Sites
  • United States Power Squadrons National Page - USPS.org
  • CG Auxiliary National Page - CGAUX.org
  • V Department Page – SafetySeal.net/index3.asp
  • VSC National Public Page - SafetySeal.net