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Theories of Personality Power Point Presentation by Avidan Milevsky, Ph.D. Touro College South PowerPoint Presentation
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Theories of Personality Power Point Presentation by Avidan Milevsky, Ph.D. Touro College South

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Theories of Personality Power Point Presentation by Avidan Milevsky, Ph.D. Touro College South

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  1. Theories of PersonalityPower Point Presentation by Avidan Milevsky, Ph.D.Touro College South This presentation copyright Susan C. Cloninger. Some images are from "Holy Cow! 250,000 Graphics," by Macmillan Digital Publishing USA. Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

  2. CHAPTERSIXHORNEY ANDRELATIONAL THEORY:Interpersonal Psychoanalytic Theory Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. INTERPERSONAL PSYCHOANALYSIS: HORNEY Basic Anxiety and Basic Hostility Three Interpersonal Orientations Moving toward People: The Self-Effacing Solution Moving against People: The Expansive Solution Moving away from People: The Resignation Solution Healthy Versus Neurotic Use of Interpersonal Orientations Major Adjustments to Basic Anxiety Eclipsing the Conflict: Moving toward or against Others Detachment: Moving away from Others The Idealized Self: Moving away from the Real Self Externalization: Projection of Inner Conflict Chapter Overview Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

  4. INTERPERSONAL PSYCHOANALYSIS: HORNEY Cont. Secondary Adjustment Techniques Cultural Determinants of Development Gender Roles Cross-Cultural Differences Therapy Self-Analysis Parental Behavior and Personality Development Chapter Overview Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

  5. Chapter Overview • THE RELATIONAL APPROACH WITHIN PSYCHOANALYTIC THEORY • The Sense of Self in Relationships • Narcissism • Attachment in Infancy and Adulthood • Infant Attachment • Adult Attachments and Relationships • Longitudinal Studies of Attachment • Parenting • Therapy Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

  6. Preview of Horney’s Theory and Object Relations Theory Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. Karen Horney • Born in Germany in 1885 • Authoritarian sea captain Lutheran father • Studied medicine at the University of Freiburg • Established the Berlin Psychoanalytic Institute in 1920 • Moved to the US in 1932 to practice psychoanalysis • Studied Zen Buddhism • Died in 1952 Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Basic Anxiety and Basic Hostility BASIC ANXIETY:feeling lonely and helpless in a hostile world BASIC HOSTILITY: must be repressed for survival and security • dependency • fear of parents • fear of loss of love Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. Horney’s Model of Neurotic Conflict Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

  10. Three Interpersonal Orientations • moving toward (self-effacing solution) • moving against (expansive solution) • moving away (resignation solution) Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. Measurement of Interpersonal Orientation: The Cohen CAD Scale • “To have something good to say about everyone seems…” • [Moving Toward: Compliance Scale] • “For me to have enough money or power to impress self-styled “big shots” would be…” • [Moving Against: Aggression Scale] • “Being free of social obligations is…” • [Moving Away: Detachment Scale] Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. MOVING TOWARD PEOPLE “the self-effacing solution” • needs affection and approval • needs a partner (friend; spouse; lover) • undemanding and compliant • lives life within narrow borders • manipulative demands “poor me”; playing the martyr; the saint • represses competition or dominance • represses rage, anger, hostility temper tantrums Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

  13. MOVING AGAINST PEOPLE “the expansive solution” • Machiavellian, likeable facade • needs control, dominance and power • exploits others • self-worth derived from success and prestige • chooses a partner to enhance prestige, wealth, or power • identifies with the ideal self Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. MOVING AWAY FROM PEOPLE “the solution of resignation” • attitude of “I don't care about anything” • emotionally flat • self-sufficient; unassailable • counterdependent (need to never be dependent on anyone) • belittles own potential • lacks goals • overly sensitive to coercion or advice • vacillates between despised real self and ideal self Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. Healthy Versus Neurotic Use of Interpersonal Orientations Neurotic: overemphasizes one orientation Healthy: uses all orientations Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

  18. Neurotic trends • disproportionate in intensity • indiscriminant in application • everyone must love me; I must be better than everyone; etc. • disregard for reality • intense anxiety if not satisfied Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. MAJOR ADJUSTMENTS TO BASIC ANXIETY: • eclipsing the conflict • detachment • the idealized self • alienation from the real self • the tyranny of the shoulds • externalization Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. SECONDARY ADJUSTMENT TECHNIQUES: • blind spots • compartmentalizing • rationalization • excessive self-control • arbitrary rightness • elusiveness • cynicism Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

  21. Cultural Determinants Of Development Gender Roles • Achievement • Social Dominance • Valuing the Feminine Role • Womb Envy • Mental Health and Gender Roles Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

  22. Cultural Determinants Of Development Cross-Cultural Differences • Individualism • Collectivism Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

  23. THERAPY Self-analysis • personal journal Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

  24. Parental Behavior and Personality Development PARENTAL INDIFFERENCE: THE “BASIC EVIL” • coldly indifferent • may be openly hostile, rejecting the child • child feels unwanted and unloved • caused by the parents’ own neuroses Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

  25. The Relational Approach Within Psychoanalytic Theory Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

  26. Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

  27. The Relational Approach Within Psychoanalytic Theory • Relational Approach • Object Relations Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

  28. Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

  29. The Sense of Self in Relationships • Early relationships • Sense of self Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

  30. Narcissism • Narcissistic Personality Disorder • Self-esteem Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

  31. Attachment in Infancy and Adulthood • Infant Attachment • Adult Attachments and Relationships • Secure • Avoidant • Anxious-ambivalent • Longitudinal Studies of Attachment Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

  32. Ainsworth’s Description of Infant Temperament Types Compared with Horney’s Model of Interpersonal Orientations Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

  33. A Model of Adult Attachment Styles Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

  34. Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

  35. Parenting • Emotional state • Research and clinicians Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

  36. Therapy Opportunity for transformation of old maladaptive relationship patterns to new, healthy ones Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

  37. Chapter review • INTERPERSONAL PSYCHOANALYSIS: HORNEY • Basic Anxiety and Basic Hostility • Three Interpersonal Orientations • Major Adjustments to Basic Anxiety • Secondary Adjustment Techniques • Cultural Determinants of Development • Therapy • Parental Behavior and Personality Development • THE RELATIONAL APPROACH WITHIN PSYCHOANALYTIC THEORY • The Sense of Self in Relationships • Narcissism • Attachment in Infancy and Adulthood • Parenting • Therapy Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.