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Theories of Personality Power Point Presentation by Avidan Milevsky, Ph.D. Touro College South. This presentation copyright Susan C. Cloninger. Some images are from "Holy Cow! 250,000 Graphics," by Macmillan Digital Publishing USA.

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theories of personality power point presentation by avidan milevsky ph d touro college south
Theories of PersonalityPower Point Presentation by Avidan Milevsky, Ph.D.Touro College South

This presentation copyright Susan C. Cloninger. Some images are from "Holy Cow! 250,000 Graphics," by Macmillan Digital Publishing USA.

Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

chapter six horney and relational theory interpersonal psychoanalytic theory

CHAPTERSIXHORNEY ANDRELATIONAL THEORY:Interpersonal Psychoanalytic Theory

Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

chapter overview
INTERPERSONAL PSYCHOANALYSIS: HORNEY

Basic Anxiety and Basic Hostility

Three Interpersonal Orientations

Moving toward People: The Self-Effacing Solution

Moving against People: The Expansive Solution

Moving away from People: The Resignation Solution

Healthy Versus Neurotic Use of Interpersonal Orientations

Major Adjustments to Basic Anxiety

Eclipsing the Conflict: Moving toward or against Others

Detachment: Moving away from Others

The Idealized Self: Moving away from the Real Self

Externalization: Projection of Inner Conflict

Chapter Overview

Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

chapter overview4
INTERPERSONAL PSYCHOANALYSIS: HORNEY Cont.

Secondary Adjustment Techniques

Cultural Determinants of Development

Gender Roles

Cross-Cultural Differences

Therapy

Self-Analysis

Parental Behavior and Personality Development

Chapter Overview

Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

chapter overview5
Chapter Overview
  • THE RELATIONAL APPROACH WITHIN PSYCHOANALYTIC THEORY
  • The Sense of Self in Relationships
  • Narcissism
  • Attachment in Infancy and Adulthood
      • Infant Attachment
      • Adult Attachments and Relationships
      • Longitudinal Studies of Attachment
  • Parenting
  • Therapy

Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

preview of horney s theory and object relations theory
Preview of Horney’s Theory and Object Relations Theory

Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

karen horney
Karen Horney
  • Born in Germany in 1885
  • Authoritarian sea captain Lutheran father
  • Studied medicine at the University of Freiburg
  • Established the Berlin Psychoanalytic Institute in 1920
  • Moved to the US in 1932 to practice psychoanalysis
  • Studied Zen Buddhism
  • Died in 1952

Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

basic anxiety and basic hostility
Basic Anxiety and Basic Hostility

BASIC ANXIETY:feeling lonely and helpless in a hostile world

BASIC HOSTILITY: must be repressed for survival and security

  • dependency
  • fear of parents
  • fear of loss of love

Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

horney s model of neurotic conflict
Horney’s Model of Neurotic Conflict

Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

three interpersonal orientations
Three Interpersonal Orientations
  • moving toward (self-effacing solution)
  • moving against (expansive solution)
  • moving away (resignation solution)

Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

measurement of interpersonal orientation the cohen cad scale
Measurement of Interpersonal Orientation: The Cohen CAD Scale
  • “To have something good to say about everyone seems…”
      • [Moving Toward: Compliance Scale]
  • “For me to have enough money or power to impress self-styled “big shots” would be…”
      • [Moving Against: Aggression Scale]
  • “Being free of social obligations is…”
      • [Moving Away: Detachment Scale]

Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

moving toward people
MOVING TOWARD PEOPLE

“the self-effacing solution”

  • needs affection and approval
  • needs a partner (friend; spouse; lover)
  • undemanding and compliant
  • lives life within narrow borders
  • manipulative demands

“poor me”; playing the martyr; the saint

  • represses competition or dominance
  • represses rage, anger, hostility

temper tantrums

Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

moving against people
MOVING AGAINST PEOPLE

“the expansive solution”

  • Machiavellian, likeable facade
  • needs control, dominance and power
  • exploits others
  • self-worth derived from success and prestige
  • chooses a partner to enhance prestige, wealth, or power
  • identifies with the ideal self

Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

moving away from people
MOVING AWAY FROM PEOPLE

“the solution of resignation”

  • attitude of “I don't care about anything”
  • emotionally flat
  • self-sufficient; unassailable
  • counterdependent (need to never be dependent on anyone)
  • belittles own potential
  • lacks goals
  • overly sensitive to coercion or advice
  • vacillates between despised real self and ideal self

Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

slide15
Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.
slide16
Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.
healthy versus neurotic use of interpersonal orientations
Healthy Versus Neurotic Use of Interpersonal Orientations

Neurotic:

overemphasizes

one orientation

Healthy:

uses all

orientations

Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

neurotic trends
Neurotic trends
  • disproportionate in intensity
  • indiscriminant in application
      • everyone must love me; I must be better than everyone; etc.
  • disregard for reality
  • intense anxiety if not satisfied

Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

major adjustments to basic anxiety
MAJOR ADJUSTMENTS TO BASIC ANXIETY:
  • eclipsing the conflict
  • detachment
  • the idealized self
      • alienation from the real self
      • the tyranny of the shoulds
  • externalization

Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

secondary adjustment techniques
SECONDARY ADJUSTMENT TECHNIQUES:
  • blind spots
  • compartmentalizing
  • rationalization
  • excessive self-control
  • arbitrary rightness
  • elusiveness
  • cynicism

Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

cultural determinants of development
Cultural Determinants Of Development

Gender Roles

  • Achievement
  • Social Dominance
  • Valuing the Feminine Role
      • Womb Envy
  • Mental Health and Gender Roles

Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

cultural determinants of development22
Cultural Determinants Of Development

Cross-Cultural Differences

  • Individualism
  • Collectivism

Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

therapy
THERAPY

Self-analysis

  • personal journal

Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

parental behavior and personality development
Parental Behavior and Personality Development

PARENTAL INDIFFERENCE:

THE “BASIC EVIL”

  • coldly indifferent
  • may be openly hostile, rejecting the child
  • child feels unwanted and unloved
  • caused by the parents’ own neuroses

Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

the relational approach within psychoanalytic theory
The Relational Approach Within Psychoanalytic Theory

Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

slide26
Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.
the relational approach within psychoanalytic theory27
The Relational Approach Within Psychoanalytic Theory
  • Relational Approach
  • Object Relations

Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

slide28
Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.
the sense of self in relationships
The Sense of Self in Relationships
  • Early relationships
  • Sense of self

Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

narcissism
Narcissism
  • Narcissistic Personality Disorder
  • Self-esteem

Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

attachment in infancy and adulthood
Attachment in Infancy and Adulthood
  • Infant Attachment
  • Adult Attachments and Relationships
      • Secure
      • Avoidant
      • Anxious-ambivalent
  • Longitudinal Studies of Attachment

Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

slide32
Ainsworth’s Description of Infant Temperament Types Compared with Horney’s Model of Interpersonal Orientations

Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

a model of adult attachment styles
A Model of Adult Attachment Styles

Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

slide34
Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.
parenting
Parenting
  • Emotional state
  • Research and clinicians

Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

therapy36
Therapy

Opportunity for transformation of old maladaptive relationship patterns to new, healthy ones

Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

chapter review
Chapter review
  • INTERPERSONAL PSYCHOANALYSIS: HORNEY
  • Basic Anxiety and Basic Hostility
  • Three Interpersonal Orientations
      • Major Adjustments to Basic Anxiety
  • Secondary Adjustment Techniques
  • Cultural Determinants of Development
  • Therapy
  • Parental Behavior and Personality Development
  • THE RELATIONAL APPROACH WITHIN PSYCHOANALYTIC THEORY
  • The Sense of Self in Relationships
  • Narcissism
  • Attachment in Infancy and Adulthood
  • Parenting
  • Therapy

Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.