theories of personality power point presentation by avidan milevsky ph d touro college south l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Theories of Personality Power Point Presentation by Avidan Milevsky, Ph.D. Touro College South PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Theories of Personality Power Point Presentation by Avidan Milevsky, Ph.D. Touro College South

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 28

Theories of Personality Power Point Presentation by Avidan Milevsky, Ph.D. Touro College South - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 620 Views
  • Uploaded on

Theories of Personality Power Point Presentation by Avidan Milevsky, Ph.D. Touro College South. This presentation copyright Susan C. Cloninger. Some images are from "Holy Cow! 250,000 Graphics," by Macmillan Digital Publishing USA. CHAPTER FOUR ADLER: Individual Psychology. Chapter Overview.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Theories of Personality Power Point Presentation by Avidan Milevsky, Ph.D. Touro College South' - Ava


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
theories of personality power point presentation by avidan milevsky ph d touro college south
Theories of PersonalityPower Point Presentation by Avidan Milevsky, Ph.D.Touro College South

This presentation copyright Susan C. Cloninger. Some images are from "Holy Cow! 250,000 Graphics," by Macmillan Digital Publishing USA.

Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

chapter four adler individual psychology

CHAPTER FOURADLER:Individual Psychology

Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

chapter overview
Chapter Overview
  • Striving From Inferiority Toward Superiority
    • Inferiority
    • Fictional Finalism
  • The Unity of Personality
    • Style of Life
    • Mistaken And Healthy Styles of Life
  • The Development of Personality
    • Parental Behavior
    • Family Constellation
  • Psychological Health
    • Social Interest
    • The Three Tasks of Life
  • Interventions Based On Adler’s Theory
    • School
    • Therapy

Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

preview of adler s theory
Preview of Adler’s Theory

Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

alfred adler
Alfred Adler
  • Born into a Jewish family in Vienna (1870)
  • Second son in a family of four boys and two girls
  • Unhealthy childhood
  • Competitive with his brothers
  • Medical degree from Vienna University at 1895
  • Joined the psychoanalytic group in 1902
  • Moved to the US in 1935
  • Died in 1937 while on a lecture tour in Scotland

Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

striving from inferiority toward superiority
Striving From Inferiority Toward Superiority
  • Inferiority
  • Fictional Finalism

Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

inferiority
Inferiority

Adler's Evolving Ideas about Striving to Improve:

  • Organ Inferiority: Compensation for weakness leads to strength
  • Aggressive Drive: experienced as fighting or competition
  • Masculine Protest: seeking the privilege associated with the male gender role
  • Superiority Striving: striving to achieve personal best
  • Perfection Striving: inherent motivation toward personal growth

Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

inferiority8
Inferiority Complex

Stagnation of growth in which difficulties seem too immense to be overcome

feeling one never will be strong enough

feeling one never will be intelligent enough

Superiority Complex

neurotic belief that one is better than others

feeling no one else is as athletically fit

feeling one’s own ideas are better than anyone else’s

Inferiority

Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

fictional finalism
Fictional Finalism
  • Creative self: Each person is “the artist of his own personality”
  • Fictional Finalism: A person’s image of the goal of his or her striving

Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

the unity of personality
The Unity of Personality

Style of Life

  • First Memories
    • evidence of style of life
    • not necessarily accurate
    • Sources of memory errors:
      • immature brain (hippocampus)
      • inadequate early language
      • distortion from thinking about events based on their subjective importance

Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

the unity of personality11
The Unity of Personality

Mistaken and Healthy Styles of Life

  • Mistaken Styles of Life
    • Ruling Type (deprecation complex)
    • Getting Type
    • Avoiding Type
  • The Healthy Style of Life: Socially Useful Type

Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

the development of personality
The Development of Personality
  • Parental Behavior
  • Family Constellation

Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

parental behavior
Parental Behavior
  • The Pampered Child
  • The Neglected Child
  • Parenting Training Programs

Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

advice for raising healthy children derived from adler s approach
Advice for Raising Healthy Children, Derived from Adler’s Approach

Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

family constellation
FAMILY CONSTELLATION

The influence of number, age, and sex of sibling on personality development

Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

firstborn child
Firstborn Child
  • Adler's prediction: a problem child
  • experiences “dethronement” when the next child is born
  • may try too hard and become exhausted

Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

second born child
Second-Born Child
  • most favorable
  • Peace maker

Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

youngest child
Youngest Child
  • Problem children
  • risks being pampered

Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

only child
Only Child
  • Risks developing a “mother complex”
  • Research shows a similar personality to firstborns

Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

research on birth order
Research on Birth Order
  • Shows weak and inconsistent effects, which vary depending on other factors (such as culture)
  • Does not consistently confirm Adler’s predictions, though there are many supportive findings

Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

sulloway s analysis of scientific revolutions
Sulloway’s Analysis of Scientific Revolutions
  • conservatism of first-born scientists
  • rebellion of later-born scientists
    • Copernicus
    • Darwin

Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

psychological health
Psychological Health
  • Social Interest
  • The Three Tasks of Life

Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

social interest
Social Interest
  • sense of community and shared tasks
  • essential for mental health
  • measurement
  • positive effects on social behaviors, health, job satisfaction, etc.

Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

examples of questions suggested by adler to measure psychological health in children
Examples of Questions Suggested by Adler to Measure Psychological Health in Children

Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

the three tasks of life
The Three Tasks of Life
  • Work
  • Love
  • Social Interaction

Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

interventions based on adler s theory
Interventions Based On Adler’s Theory

School

  • individual education
  • Adler's Child Guidance Clinics

Therapy

  • "What would you do if you had not got this trouble?" (i.e., What are you avoiding?)
  • style of life
  • brief; discouraged transference
  • humor
  • supported religion
  • effect on physical symptoms
  • behavioral approach

Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

stages of adlerian psychotherapy
Stages of Adlerian Psychotherapy

Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.

chapter review
Chapter Review
  • Striving From Inferiority Toward Superiority
  • The Unity of Personality
    • The Development of Personality
    • Psychological Health
    • Interventions Based On Adler’s Theory

Prepared to accompany Theories of Personality (5th ed.) by Susan C. Cloninger (2008), published by Prentice Hall, Inc. All rights reserved.