Chapter 14. Theories of Personality . Purposes of Personality Theories. Personality-the consistent, enduring, and unique, characteristics of a person. First Purpose: To provide a way of organizing the many characteristics you know about yourself and other people.
Ego: the part of the personality that is in touch with reality and strives to meet the demands of the id and the superego in socially acceptable ways.
Superego: the part of the personality that is the source of conscience and counteracts the socially undesirable impulses of the id.
The id represents what the person wants to do, the ego plans what she can do, and the superego advocates what she should do.
Extraversion – (outgoing/energetic vs. solitary/reserved). Energy, positive emotions, and the tendency to seek stimulation in the company of others.