The History of Zionism. Ethnicity, Nationalism and the origins of Zionism. Herzl After the first Congress. Were I to sum up the Basel Congress in a word which I shall guard against pronouncing publicly, it would be this: “ At Basel, I founded the Jewish State .
Ethnicity, Nationalism and the origins of Zionism
Were I to sum up the Basel Congress in a word which I shall guard against
pronouncing publicly,it would be this: “AtBasel, I founded the Jewish State.
If I said this out loud today, I would be answered by universal laughter.
Perhaps in 5 years, certainly in 50 everyone will know it”
“Herzl”s Diary”, 3 September 1897
Zionism= From the biblical word "Zion", often used as a synonym for Jerusalem and the Land of Israel (Eretz Yisrael).
Religious/Cultural Group ?
they have a right to establish a
homeland in Palestine?
( Anthony D. Smith, The Ethnic Origins of Nations;G. Simony, The Zionist Ideology)
"The Land of Israel was the birthplace of the Jewish people. Here their spiritual, religious and political identity was shaped. Here they first attained to statehood, created cultural values of national and universal significance and gave to the world the eternal Book of Books.”
“After being forcibly exiled from their land, the people kept faith with it throughout their dispersion and never ceased to pray and hope for their return to it and for the restoration in it of their political freedom.“
“Impelled by this historic and traditional attachment, Jews strove in every successive generation to re-establish themselves in their ancient homeland.”
1. The Land of Israel is the birthplace of the Jewish people. Here their
spiritual, religious and National identity was shaped.
2. They were forcibly exiled from their country
3. Nevertheless while in exile they pray and did not lose faith and hope
to return and to restore the sovereignty
5. Since the destruction of the Jewish Commonwealth by Rome
it became a backward province of successive empires, but never
been an “indigenous statehood” and until the 20 century the Jews were the only people who regarded Palestine as their homeland
And the lord appeared unto Abram and said unto him. I am God Almighty…I will established my covenant between me and thee and thy seed after thee throughout the generations for the everlasting covenant to be a God unto thee and thy seed after thee. And I will give unto thee and to thy seed after thee…the land of Canaan for the everlasting holding: and I will be their God (Gen 17:1 7,8)
The First Temple built
attempts to impose the Greek culture (Hellenization) on the Jews instead of Judaism
By the Rivers of Babylon, there we sat down, yea, we wept when we remembered Zion…,
If I forget you, Jerusalem, let my right hand forget its skill; Let my tongue stick to the roof of my mouth if I don't remember you, if I don't prefer Jerusalem above my chief joy".
"The anointed King is destined to stand up and restore the Davidic Kingdom to its antiquity, to the first sovereignty. He will build the Temple in Jerusalem and gather the strayed ones of Israel together“
Theodore Herzl –
The visionary of the
The MenorahAncient Seven-Armed Candelabrum
The Flag of Israel
The Menorah on a Hasmonean coin from the 1st century BC
The Menorah on the Arch of
Titus, Rome About 70 AD
The prefix ‘re’, :
A man wearing a prayer shawl
“ But, they say to me, the Jews have their own judges and laws. I respond that is your fault and you should not allow it. We must refuse everything to the Jews as a nation and accord everything to Jews as individuals. We must withdraw recognition from their judges; they should only have our judges. We must refuse legal protection to the maintenance of the so-called laws of their Judaic organization; they should not be allowed to form in the state either a political body or an order. They must be citizens individually. But, some will say to me, they do not want to be citizens. Well then! If they do not want to be citizens, they should say so, and then, we should banish them. It is repugnant to have in the state an association of non-citizens, and a nation within the nation. . . . In short, Sirs, the presumed status of every man resident in a country is to be a citizen.
Clermont–Tonnerre, "Speech on Religious Minorities and Questionable Professions" (The French National Assembly 23 December 1789)
The Exile is the punishment of god. It will end by a miracle redemption and the coming of the messiah. He will come if people will continue to pray and to observe Jewish laws and tradition
and Jewish studies in a modern way
aroused by much the same ideas
situation of the Jews