Hebrew is an ancient and rich language with poetry and songs that date back to the time of the Bible. The revitalization of Hebrew by Eliezer Ben-Yehuda and the modern Zionist movement led to a sort of literary revolution with large outpourings of literature and poetry. Women have always been integral contributors to the arts in the Zionist movement, and the field of poetry is no different...
Zionism does not have a uniform ideology, but has evolved in a dialogue among a plethora of ideologies. After almost two millennia of existence of the Jewish Diaspora without a national state, the Zionist movement was founded in the late 19th century and Theodor Herzl formally established the political movement in 1897. Zionism grew rapidly and became the dominant force in Jewish politics
Beginning with the arrival of the Biluim from Russia in 1882, waves of aliyah brought hundreds of thousands of immigrants to Palestine. Many of these were young pioneers from Eastern Europe, known as halutzim. The new immigrants built roads and towns, expanded agricultural settlements and accomplished projects such as the draining of marshes in the Yizrael Valley and the Hefer Plain
The Independence War ended and Israel focused on building the state which the people had struggled so long and so hard to regain. The gates of the country were thrown open, affirming the right of every Jew to come to the country.Towards the end of the
first decade, the output of industry doubled, as did the number of employed persons. The educational system was greatly expanded, Cultural and artistic activity flourished, blending Middle Eastern, North African, and Western elements, as Jews arriving from all parts of the world brought with them the unique traditions of their own communities as well as aspects of the culture prevailing in the countries where they had lived for generations.