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Mainstreaming GEF projects in UNDP CO Programme: Albania. RBEC Environment and Energy Practice Workshop Batkhuyag Baldangombo UNDP Albania. Discussion points. Environmental situation in Albania UNDP environmental portfolio Challenges/Issues faced Efforts in mainstreaming

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Mainstreaming GEF projects in UNDP CO Programme: Albania


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mainstreaming gef projects in undp co programme albania

Mainstreaming GEF projects in UNDP CO Programme: Albania

RBEC Environment and

Energy Practice Workshop

Batkhuyag Baldangombo

UNDP Albania

discussion points
Discussion points
  • Environmental situation in Albania
  • UNDP environmental portfolio
  • Challenges/Issues faced
  • Efforts in mainstreaming
    • Outcome evaluation/Impact assessment
    • CO restructuring
    • Currents achievements
albania republika e shqiperise
Albania – Republika e Shqiperise
  • Surface Area 28,748 km²
  • Population of 3,373 million (1999).
  • Administration:
    • 12 prefectures, 36 districts
  • Since 1998 the country has seen steady progress. As of 2003:
  • GDP growth average 7% per year,
  • Inflation at 2-4%, with stable currency
  • However:
    • 46.6% of the population is below the poverty line of $2 per day
    • 53% of the population lives off the land.
    • High levels of migration (15% is abroad) and unemployment.
    • Fragile Socio-economic relations low levels of tolerance and little confidence in institutions of justice or public administration.
environment in albania
Environment in Albania
  • Rich biodiversity:
    • 30% of European plant species and 42% of mammals are found.
    • Wetlands, lagoons and large lakes provide winter habitat for migratory birds.
  • 36% of the vertebrate species are endangered or threatened.
  • Protected area coverage 5.8% of the territory (Forests 36%, Pastures ~16%; Arable land ~24%)
  • Main causes of Environmental degradation
    • Poor NRM (soil erosion, farming practices, loss of biodiversity)
    • Poor access to services (access to WSS, waste management non efficient energy use)
    • Deterioration of human living environment (natural and man-made disasters; environmental hot spots; climate change impacts)
environmental portfolio
Environmental portfolio
  • UNDP Albania contribution within its SRF outcome framework aimed:
    • Promoting environmental governance in mainstreaming sustainable development and implementing relevant policy, legal and regulatory measures
    • Capacity development to implement global environmental conventions.
  • Main Partners
    • The Ministry of Environment (MoE).
    • Close partnership with other donors, primarily, with the EU, GEF, REC, GTZ, SIDA, WB, and the Netherlands.
challenges issues facing
Challenges/Issues facing
  • Heavy focus on security and transitional economy problems (In 2003 state budget allocation accounted for 0.24%)
  • Regional priority driven programmes.
    • 3 UNDP/GEF programmes
    • 2 WB/GEF programmes
  • Opportunistic approach
  • Lack of in-house capacity/pro-activeness
environmental gef programme mainstreaming efforts
Environmental/GEF programme mainstreaming efforts
  • Outcome Evaluation (February 2004)
  • UNDP programme impact assessment (October 2004)
  • Review all initiatives contributing to the environmental outcome achievements in the country
  • Internally:
    • Relevance and impact of environmental projects,
    • Environmental components within LGP and MDG supported activities,
    • Environmental indicators and the challenges posed by the MDGs;
  • Externally:
    • National settings on institutional arrangements,
    • Policy environment,
    • National capacities and ownership
    • Donors’ environmental assistance framework,
undp s future assistance in environment sector
UNDP’s Future Assistance in Environment sector
  • New Environment and Energy programme is focusing ‘Governance and Local Environmental Management’ with focus on building capacities at the local level in order to create the enabling environment for MDG 1 and 7 specific targets in support of the promotion and attaining government’s commitment in achieving MDG goals.
  • The new programme will also be based on the corporate Water, Energy, Health, Agriculture and Biodiversity (WEHAB) mandate.
  • Future UNDP assistance should balance its activities at the national and local level.
continued
… continued
  • Support to institutional capacity at the regional level should have balanced institution building, capacity development and demonstration approach and participation of Local government and people.
    • Ongoing GEF funded projects shall include sustainable economic development components with a focus on enhancing local development processes
    • Capacity development through demonstration projects (GEF/SGP, Clean and Green) have had the greatest impact on environmental public awareness, economics, livelihoods and planning at the regional level.
co restructuring
New MDG-zed programme

MDG SUBSTANTIVE PROGRAMME

PROJECT/PROGRAMME OF THE MDG

MDG ENABLING ENVIRONMENT

CAPACITY DEVELOPMENT FOR THE MDGs

ICT FOR THE MDGs

DATA

ADVOCACY & PARTNERSHIP

LINKING THE GLOBAL MDG CAMPAIGN TO THE LOCAL MDG CAMPAIGN

FUND RAISING FOR THE MDGs

CCF 2002-2005

DEMOCRATIC GOVERNANCE 43%

PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION AND CIVIL SERVICE STRENGTHENING

DECENTRALISATION AND LOCAL GOVERNANCE

STRENGTHENING GOVERNING INSTITUTIONS

HUMAN SECURITY 36%

ENABLING ENVIRONMENT FOR HUMAN SECURITY

PERSONAL AND COMMUNITY SECURITY

SOCIO-ECONOMIC SECURITY

ENVIRONMENTAL SECURITY

CROSS-CUTTING AREAS 21%

GENDER

INFORMATION AND ADVOCACY

CO restructuring
current achievements
Current achievements
  • GEF-SGP collaboration with LGP programme
    • small grants for communities to implement RDS
    • Production of env. educational book
  • Expansion of full- and medium- size project portfolios
  • Mobilizing additional funding to support alternative livelihoods initiatives under existing projects
    • REC collaboration under MWC project
    • SLM, Solar energy