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GHG Inventory System in Albania Ermira Fida, MBA Mirela Kamberi, MSc Climate Change Unit/Program VERTIC/REC UNFCCC and K PowerPoint Presentation
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GHG Inventory System in Albania Ermira Fida, MBA Mirela Kamberi, MSc Climate Change Unit/Program VERTIC/REC UNFCCC and Kyoto Protocol Workshop Budapest, Hungary 9 – 10 October, 2006. Albania & UNFCCC. Joined the UNFCCC in 1995 Non-Annex I Party to the UNFCCC

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slide1
GHG Inventory System in Albania

Ermira Fida, MBA

Mirela Kamberi, MSc

Climate Change Unit/Program

VERTIC/REC UNFCCC and Kyoto Protocol Workshop

Budapest, Hungary

9 – 10 October, 2006

albania unfccc
Albania & UNFCCC
  • Joined the UNFCCC in 1995
    • Non-Annex I Party to the UNFCCC
  • Joined the Kyoto Protocol on 16 December 2004
  • INC completed on July 2002
    • Submitted to the UNFCCC Secretariat
    • Launched at COP8, India.
  • Technology Needs Assessment completed on November 2004
  • SNC started (March 2005)
    • Stocktaking exercise completed
    • SNC Project Document approved from GEF
    • GHG inventory under preparation
    • Vulnerability and adaptation analysis under preparation
why national communications
Why National Communications?

Article 4

  • …to develop, periodically update, publish and make available to the COP, national inventories of anthropogenic emissions of GHGs…
  • …to formulate, implement publish, and regularly update national and where appropriate, regional programs containing measures to mitigate climate change and to facilitate adaptation to climate change…
  • …to communicate to the COP, through the Secretariat, the above elements

UNFCCC

institutional capacity for ncs
Institutional capacity for NCs
  • Relies upon the responsibility of the Climate Change Unit:
    • Based under the Ministry of Environment of Albania
    • Responsible for managements and implementation of UNDP-GEF portfolio for climate change
    • Responsible for implementation of the UNFCCC and Kyoto Protocol.
slide5

Institutional framework for NCs

Ministry of

Environment, Forests &

Water Management

UNDP-GEF

NCSP

UNDP-RBEC

Manager of

UNDP-GEF

Climate Change Program

UNDP Albania

Technical teams

Institutions, NGO, Ministries

MoETE

Hydromet

INSTAT

Inventory

Abatement

V&A

Mainstreaming

MoAFCP

EESD

others

slide7

Content of the Albania’s INC

Executive Summary

Country Profile

GHG inventory

Abatement analysis

Vulnerability and adaptation

National Climate Action Plan

Public awareness, training, …

Problems, constraints

References

slide8

Country Profile

Square

Climate

Geography

Demography

Economy

Energy

Forests

Transport

Water

Agriculture

Environment

Livestock

Tourism

Education

Industry

slide9

GHG inventory: the scope

CO2

N2O

CH4

CO

NOx

NMVOC

1994 base year

1990-1994

(CO2 /energy)

GHG emissions

ALBANIA

Energy

CO2/GDP

CO2/GDP

Agriculture

Key

Sources

Industry

CO2/capita

Data gaps

Forests

Waste

Uncertainty

Solvents

slide10

GHG inventory: the approach

  • 10/CP2 & draft revised UNFCCC guidelines:
  • Old GEF operational guidelines for Expedited Procedures for NC for NAI Parties.
  • Revised 1996 IPCC guidelines
  • CORINAIR
    • Classification of Solvents
  • IPCC default EFs
  • Country specific EFs
    • EF(wood stoves, industrial boilers
    • classification of fruit trees
  • IPCC Good Practice Guidance
    • Uncertainty estimates
    • Key sources
slide11

GHG inventory: Main findings

  • [7061.45 Gg] CO2 eqvemissions total
  • CO2-themain GHG
  • Energysector –the main source category
  • Forest sector– GHG emitter rather than sink
slide13

GHG inventory – Key sources

2%

4%

8%

11%

14%

21%

22%

CH4 enteric ferment.

CO2-fuel combustion in industry

CO2-fuel combustion in transport

CO2-fuel combustion in energy

CO2 – fuel wood

CH4-waste

CO2 – agriculture

slide14

Phase II – Tech. Needs Assessment

  • Complementary to the Albania’s INC
  • Reviewed measures proposed under INC in the light of new socio-economic developments and priorities.
  • Scope of assessment:
    • GHG abatement
      • Energy , Transport, LUCF, Waste, Agriculture
    • Adaptation
      • Coastal area
  • Approach used:
    • UNDP-GEF handbook for TNA
      • Multi criteria analysis , weights and scores.
    • Other country experiences
  • Main output:
    • Albania’s TNA report
    • Priority technology needs for each sector under assessment
    • A package of project idea notes
slide15

SNC: What is new?

  • National Circumstances
    • Update the socio-economic development profile
  • GHG inventory
    • Base year 2000
    • Time-series 1994-2000
    • Improved data (through UNDP-GEF regional project)
    • Reduced uncertainties
  • GHG abatement
    • Update the INC scenarios
    • Extended scenarios: 2005-2025
  • V&A
    • Utilize the Adaptation Policy Framework
    • Focused on a priority system: Drini River Cascade
slide16

Regional Project on Improvement of the GHG Inventory

  • NIS and GHG inventory in Albania:
    • before the start up of the Regional Project on Improvement of the GHG Inventory;
    • at the end of the Regional Project on Improvement of the GHG Inventory
recalling that
Recalling that:

A National Inventory System (NIS) is a set of relations / network between people and institutions to ensure:

  • Availability of the GHG inventory
  • Sustainability of the GHG inventory process
  • Consistency of reported emission estimates
  • Standard quality results
nis documentation before the regional project
NIS documentation before the regional project
  • Inventory documents
    • Albania’s First National Communication
      • GHG inventory chapter for 1994
    • GHG inventory report
      • A simple report which has been extracted to produce the GHG inventory chapter for FNC
  • Inventory “round” documents
    • Manual
    • QA/QC
    • GHG improvement strategy
    • Archiving
  • Almost missing !!
ghg inventory activity data sources
GHG inventory activity data sources
  • No “statistical office” for activity collection and provision for the purpose of GHG inventory.
    • INSTAT and different line ministries and institutes provide data upon our request.
      • On 1994 INSTAT set up the Business Registerof economic enterprises on the basis of the activity and number of employees.
ghg inventory activity data flow
GHG inventory activity data flow

National Agency of

ENERGY &

Energy

TRANSPORT

(sectors)

Ministry of Industry

and Energy

INDUSTRY &

INSTAT

SOLVENT

(sectors)

Ministry of Economy

GHG

TOTAL GHG

Ministry of

AGRICULTURE

INVENTORY

EMISSIONS FOR

Agriculture and Food

(sector)

YEAR 1994

TEAM

Institute of

Veterinary

LUCF

Ministry of

(sector)

Agriculture and Food

Institute of Forestry

National Agency of

WASTE

Environment

(sector)

Regional Agencies of

Environment

Ministry of Territory

INSTAT

ghg inventory data gaps
GHG inventory-Data Gaps
  • Inconsistency or/and low level of disaggregating of AD to the IPCC format
    • transport, energy consumption in industry, wood biomass burned for energy,…
  • High variability of AD among ’90s due to the transition phase
    • transport, fuel consumption in industry, agriculture
  • Lack of reported data from the private activities
    • lime production, livestock breeding, biomass burned for energy
slide22

GHG inventory-level of uncertainty

  • Overall uncertainty of GHG inventory 19.2%
    • Significant contributor – fuel wood with 79.2%;
  • The total combined uncertainty (CO2) – 19.4%
    • Significant contributor – LUCF with 95.6%;
  • The total combined uncertainty (CH4) – 55.8%
    • Significant contributor - enteric fermentation with 47%;
  • The total combined uncertainty (N2O) – 391%
    • Significant contributor – stationary fuel combustion, energy manufacturing and construction industries, with 353%.
albania s nis documentation at the end of the regional project
Albania’s NIS documentation at the end of the regional project
  • Inventory documents
    • Improved inventory for key sources (regional)
      • Improved AD (1994-2000) for key sources
    • GHG national inventory report
      • A detailed NIR
  • Inventory “round” documents
    • Manual of procedures
      • QA/QC
      • Archiving
    • GHG improvement strategy
improvement of ghg inventory
Improvement of GHG inventory
  • How?
    • Use data/inventories from other projects / studies
    • Apply correlation,interpolation, extrapolation when judged that gives trustable results
      • Survey method to be used under SNC phase.
national inventory report
National Inventory Report
  • A detailed National Inventory Report
    • Emission estimates
    • Categories, sectors
    • Methodology used for estimates
    • Data available,
    • Data gaps, barriers
    • Key sources
    • Uncertainty level
    • Annexes
manual of procedures
Manual of procedures
  • Institutional arrangements for GHG inventory
  • Sources of data for each category
  • Planning/steps of an inventory cycle
  • Reporting format for inventory
  • Methodology to perform an inventory
  • Methodology to fill data gaps
  • QA/QC plan
  • Other relevant documentation
  • Annexes
strategy for improvement of inventory
Strategy for improvement of inventory
  • Short-term strategy-(2004-2006)
    • Regional project strategy
      • Collect new data when exist, develop methodology to fill data gaps when do not exist
  • Mid-term Strategy-(2006 – 2009)
    • SNC /Second GHG inventory project strategy
      • Use new data and the soft methodology developed under the regional project.
other achievements
Other achievements
  • Increasing the number of the inventory experts
    • from 5 to 11
  • Training of inventory experts on GPG
    • Training of trainers
  • Increased level of awareness on climate change issues and GHG inventory
    • Inventory component has been addressed under the Article 6 Project funded by UNEP
      • Survey: 40% of interviewed people knows about National Communication and likely the same share knows GHG inventory as well.
      • Communication strategy
      • Competition for posters
      • National stakeholders workshop
        • Presentation of regional project results has been made
    • Regional Project related information can be accessed under the national web page.
slide38

Av. specific waste daily production after the corrected number of population (kg/day capita)

slide39

Aver. spec. daily production of waste after the correction (kg/day capita).

Tirana

Elbasan

Durres

Albania

follow up
Follow up…
  • Update the Meta documents under the SNC phase.
  • Utilization of improved data for the SNC phase
  • Keep exchanging the information between the participating countries after the project closure
  • Keep raising awareness on the importance of the NIS and GHG exercise.
slide45

Efforts in mainstreaming…

  • National Communication process not only for reporting commitments under UNFCCC but for programming as well:
    • Major findings from INC/TNA addressed to the National Energy Strategy that complements NSSED
    • Mobilizing resources to funding of priority technologies
      • Energy efficiency (buildings)
      • Solar panels –HWS
    • Raise awareness among policy makers on climate change
      • Kyoto Protocol