OS451-01 The CORE OSER Dataset: A Community Resource for Assessing Patterns in Ocean Sciences Graduate Education. CORE Member Institutions with Graduate Ocean Science Programs. JOI/CORE Institutions Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory Oregon State University Texas A&M University
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OS451-01 The CORE OSER Dataset: A Community Resource for Assessing Patterns in Ocean Sciences Graduate Education
CORE Member Institutions
Ocean Science Programs
Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory Oregon State University Texas A&M University
University of California San Diego University of Hawaii University of Miami/RSMAS
University of Rhode Island University of Washington
S. B. Cook, Consortium for Oceanographic Research and Education, firstname.lastname@example.org; J. Farrington, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, email@example.com; R. E. McDuff, University of Washington, firstname.lastname@example.org
THE CORE-OSER COMMUNITY
2003-2004 STATUS REPORT
OSER Workshops and the CORE Dataset: Past and Present
In 1980, the education “Deans” from the JOI schools began to meet annually to assess graduate education in ocean sciences (with ocean engineering added later). Mr. A. L. “Jake” Peirson (Associate Dean of WHOI - now retired) originally suggested the idea to Dean Charles D. Hollister of WHOI and Professor Arthur R. M. Nowell, then Director of the School of Oceanography at the University of Washington. Initially, the schools funded participant travel and in the mid 1980s JOI and ONR provided funding (Nowell and Hollister, 1988). Sustained leadership for the effort through the 1980s by Nowell and Hollister led to the assessments we have today.
After CORE was established in 1994, participation expanded to include deans, associate deans, department chairs and program managers from additional graduate programs. Consortium membership now stands at 85 with 3? members granting graduate degrees in some aspect of ocean science. CORE sponsored workshops are now held every other year in the fall at a CORE member institution and are referred to as Ocean Science Education Retreats (OSER). Nine to ten months prior to each workshop, CORE staff distribute Graduate Program Surveys, Faculty Workforce Surveys and Funding and Facilities Surveys to the CORE membership. Dr. Arthur Nowell has continued to play a leadership role in data analysis and community discussion of trends and patterns (see www.coreocean.org/education/ for OSER03 data). In 2005, Dr. Russell Mc Duff reviewed survey data from academic years 2003 and 2004 and summarized patterns and trends for OSER05 participants.
Graduate Programs in 2003-2004
Graduate Programs at CORE institutions are part of a rich and complex tapestry. In 2003-2004, programs ranged in size from very small (n=8) to large (n=200). Between 1996 and 2004, applications to 8 programs increased with the number of interested students doubling while 9 programs were less sought-after with some showing an almost two-fold drop in interest. In 2003, 87% of the student population was supported by institutional or government sources.
CORE Graduate Institutions
College of Charleston
College of William and Mary/VIMS
East Carolina University
Florida Atlantic University
Florida State University
Louisiana State University
Massachusetts Institute of Technology/WHOI
Moss Landing Marine Laboratories
Naval Postgraduate School
North Carolina State University
Nova Southeastern University
Old Dominion University
Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey
Skidaway Institute of Oceanography
Stony Brook University
The University of Southern Mississippi
University of Alaska, Fairbanks
University of California Santa Barbara
University of California Santa Cruz
University of Connecticut
University of Delaware
University of Maine
University of Maryland
University of Massachusetts Dartmouth
University of North Carolina Chapel Hill
University of North Carolina Wilmington
University of South Carolina
University of South Florida
University of Southern California
OSER 05, October 27-28 at Woods Hole, Ma.
45 participants from 21 CORE Institutions. Hosted by CORE and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
Steering Committee members: Dr. John Farrington (MIT/WHOI) Dr. Arthur Nowell (U. Washington), Dr. Peter Betzer (University of South Florida), Dr. Gary Griggs (U. California @ Santa Cruz, and Dr. Nancy Targett (University of Delaware). CORE staff: CORE Education Director Dr. Sue Cook, CORE President Richard West and staff members Susan Haynes and Henry Hope.
In 2003, males made up 50.5 % of the ocean science student body at CORE institutions (Table 2). Gender ratios were approximately equal in chemical oceanography, marine geology and geophysics and coastal and estuarine science. Women were somewhat better represented in marine biology/biological oceanography and marine affairs. Men predominated in ocean engineering, physical oceanography, the ‘other’ category and to a lesser extent Fisheries and Aquatic Science.
SUPPLY SIDE TRENDS
Keynote Address: Ocean Sciences Graduate Education: Status and Trends, Dr. Russ McDuff, U. Washington.
Mentoring Physical Oceanography Women to Increase Retention (MPOWIR), Drs. Amy Bower and Robert Beardsley, MIT/WHOI
Group Discussions: Recruitment Strategies, Dr. P. Betzer; Financial support, Dr. G. Griggs; Retention and career services, Dr. J. Farrington
Funding Opportunities for Research on Ocean Science Graduate Education, Dr. N. Targett
Panel 1: Insights and Recommendations on Diversity
Panel 2: Graduate Student Opportunities to Contribute to K12 Education
USCOP Recommendations 8-7 and 8-10, What can the Community Do Now? Dr. G. Griggs
Discussion of Gaps in Knowledge, Funding sources for gap analysis and Next Steps for the Community, Drs. Griggs and Farrington
GK12 Panel Take Home Message:Involving graduate students in the K12 classroom benefits students in multiple ways from self-organization and priority setting to effective and clear communication of the value of their science.
Ms. Teresa Greely (USF), Ms. Shay Saleem (USF), Ms. Desiree Plata (MIT/WHOI), Ms.Liz Tyner (USF), Dr. Robert Chen (U. Mass.Boston), Ms. Julie Callahan (UMB) , Discussion Lead, Dr. P. Betzer (USF)
WHAT DID WE LEARN FROM OSER05?
The Ocean Sciences community is already responding to the U.S Oceans Commissions and the Pew Ocean Commission reports with respect to all levels of education. As examples, the involvement of graduate students in K-12 activities has been launched and the sharing of best practices is in progress for these activities and for increasing diversity in ocean sciences. Attention to evaluation of success of programs is important and is being incorporated into more programs.
“(The program…) challenged my own way of learning…” “I enjoyed helping students understand and discover the world around them…”
-(Quotes from GK12 Fellows)
At OSER05, a five member panel provided a candid, personal look at the realities of recruiting and retaining individuals from underrepresented groups.
Applications (the supply side of the graduate school equation) are cyclic. In the 1980s, data collected by JOI show a decline in applications to member institutions with numbers peaking in the mid 1990s and dropping again in 1998-2000. Since CORE has been surveying its members, application numbers were highest in 1996 and 1997 with a drop in 1998-2000 and a rebound in 2001-2004. When data from a subset of 17 schools are compared, the same ‘up-down-up’ pattern occurs: 2247 in 1996, a minimum of 1780 in 2000 and a rise to 2073 in 2003. In 2003 and 2004, cohort selectivity (from applications to offers to acceptances) was similar between biological, chemical, physical and geological subdisciplines.
Dr. Ambrose Jearld, NOAA; Dr. Brandon Jones, US EPA; Dr. Letise Houser, U. Delaware, Ms. Camille Daniels (USF), Ms. Regina Campbell Malone (MIT/WHOI Joint Program)
“Cultural competency is key. Different approaches are needed. There must be personal contact - websites and letters don’t always work. Career fairs and visits to HBCUs do work”.
-(B. Jones, EPA)
“Our scientist has opened up my eyes to more of the real world and scientific studies …It was unfathomable how much fun it was learning like this”
-(GK-12 Participant, 2005)
The most recent CORE survey data show that the graduate student pool in the ocean sciences is still dominated by Caucasians. In 2003, of the 79% US citizens in residence, 90% were white, 2.9% were Asian American, 1.5% were African American, 3.2% were Hispanic, 0.4% were Native American and 2.3% classified themselves as other.
Farrington, J. W., 2001. Oceanography, Volume 14: 34-39.
Nowell, A.R.M. and C.D. Hollister, 1988. EOS 69: 834-835; 840-843.
USCOP, 2004. Final Report. Chapter 8, pages ; Appendix IV.
Third grade after school enrichment in science class from Maynard Academy in Cambridge, MA brought to WHOI for a tour and a visit to a nearby beach by MIT/WHOI Joint Program Graduate Students Desiree Plata and Ari Shapiro - enrichment class volunteer instructors.