A bottom-up approach to animal welfare in Swiss agriculture Workshop on Societal Concerns, Paris, 2-3 November 2009 François Pythoud Director of International sustainable agriculture Unit Swiss Federal Office for Agriculture CH-3003 Berne. History of animal welfare policies in Switzerland.
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1992Paradigmshift in AgrPolicy: Separation betweenpriceandincomepolicy (decouplingofsupport → directpayments)
Strong pressurefrompopulationandanimalrightsgroups → Mandate fromParliamenttoimplementanimalwelfareprogrammes
1993 Implementation of ROEL (Regular Outdoor Exercise for Livestock)
1995 Implementation of PAS (Particularly Animal-Friendly Stabling)
1996 Swiss people decide to anchor animal welfare in article 104 of the Federal Constitution
1999 Animal welfare is fixed in the Agricultural Act
Article 104 on agriculture
Par. 3: The Confederation shall organise measures in such a manner that the agricultural sector fulfils its multi-functional duties. It has in particular the following powers and duties:
b. encourage by means of economically favourable incentives, methods of production that are particularly near-natural and respectful of both the environment and livestock.
The federal government fixes the incentives so that the particular ethological efforts are rewarding, taking into account higher market prices.
4 animal welfare needs: activity, free movement, daylight, caregiving
Regular OutdoorExercisefor Livestock (ROEL)
- 26 days per monthpasture in summer
- 13 days/monthoutdoorexercise in winter
- Daily outdoorexercise
Animals in groups (at least 2)
Different areas (resting place with straw litter, activity,
Daylight in the stable
Cows (Danuser and Regula 2002)
Fattening pigs (Danuser and Regula 2003)
How did animal welfare come to the fore?
Who decided to intervene?
What considerations were taken into account?
What M&E is undertaken?
What about the international trade dimension?
Danuser, J. und Regula, G. (2002): Evaluation der Ökomassnahmen und Tierhaltungsprogramme. Schlussbericht Kategorie Milchkühe. Bundesamt für Landwirtschaft, Bern
Buchli, S. and Flury, Ch. (2005): Policy related transaction costs of direct payments in Switzerland. OECD, Paris
Danuser, J. und Regula, G. (2003): Evaluation der Ökomassnahmen und Tierhaltungsprogramme. Schlussbericht Kategorie Mastschweine. Bundesamt für Landwirtschaft, Bern
Mann, S. (2003): Die Kosten der Ökomassnahmen in der Schweizer Landwirtschaft. Eidgenössische Forschungsanstalt für Agrarwirt-schaft und Landtechnik, Tänikon
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