1/9/07 Agenda Introduction Pass out Course Syllabus Review Syllabus Check out Textbooks Activity/Lecture: Constitutional Beginnings. Pass out/Review Course Syllabus. Check out Textbooks Textbook policy: you must bring them to class each time. Activity: A world without government
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Pass out Course Syllabus
Check out Textbooks
Activity/Lecture: Constitutional Beginnings
Textbook policy: you must bring them to class each time.
How did loss of sight change your behaviors?
A. State of Nature: there is physical freedom, but we are little more than animals, slaves to our own instincts and impulses.
B. Reason for government: to create restraints that prevent people from harming others. Monarchy is the best form of government
C. Anyone acting against the public good should be executed. Public good>private property.
A. Life without rules is “short, nasty, and brutish” (Leviathan)
B. People need absolute monarch to keep control and safety
A. Pioneered “separation of powers”
A. Time in which scientific reasoning was applied to social science as well.
VI. Magna Carta: the first document that subjected rulers to laws
VII. British Parliament
A. Bicameral legislature, English Bill of Rights
A. By dividing authority into three equal branches of government, the delegates at the constitutional convention sought to prevent tyranny
A. When a constitution divides powers between a central government and sub-divisional governments.
A. Failures of the Articles of Confederation
B. Prevents growth of tyranny
1. James Madison, Federalist 10
C. Unity without uniformity
D. Encourages experimentation
1. States as “laboratories”
E. Keeps government closer to the people.
A. Express Powers: specifically granted to one of the 3 branches of government.
B. Implied Powers: inferred from express powers
C. Necessary and Proper Clause
D. Inherent Powers: grow from the very existence of national government.