Montreal 2004 Measuring the Impacts of Science. The articulation of the Spanish Food Innovation System: measurement of the impacts fostered by the Spanish Food Technology Programme. Fernando Jiménez Sáez Dr. Elena Castro Martínez.
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Measuring the Impacts of Science
The articulation of the Spanish Food Innovation System: measurement of the impacts fostered by the Spanish Food Technology Programme.
Fernando Jiménez Sáez
Dr. Elena Castro Martínez
Articulation reflects the relationships between the different elements of the Innovation System (National/Regional/Sectoral)
Why is this interesting?
It is an objective of both the National R&D Plan and the National Technology Food Programme
Relationships are a key element for the existence and of any Sectoral (National/Regional) Innovation System
There is a need for new indicators in the Economics of Technical ChangeWhat do we mean by articulation?
Policy design: it follows a linear model approach, technology push approach.
Policy objectives: some follow a neoclassical approach (market failure) some others a structuralist-evolutionary approach (institutions)
Policy implementation: tools are used again in a neoclassical fashion
Impact evaluation of the policy: so far, it is non existent
Hence: we find several problems in assessing the articulation fostered with this policyThe lack of coherence: where and why
Public Research Institutions
Firms in the FBS
Callon’s Techno-economic approach: observation technology push approach.between and within units of analysis
Advantages: characterisation of interactions among units of analysis useful to structurally characterise economic sectors and networks
Drawbacks: not easily reproducible
Network Analysis: quantitative observation of units of analysis before and after
Advantages: indicator based on relationship variables
Drawbacks: not dynamic measureApproaches to the topic
Economic evaluation of outputs technology push approach.
Statistical descriptive analysis: input and output variables
Bibliometric analysis of publications: scientific results
Structural analysis of relationships
Monitor and trace trajectories: analysis of relationship tools
Characterisation of interactions: role of interface structures
Programme’s Management Evaluation
Personal interview to the Programme’s managers: role of the main interface structure managing the NFTPOur approach
Quantitative data from the Programme’s tools technology push approach.
Quantitative data from publications (FSTA Database)
Quantitative data from bilateral contracts between CSIC research groups and firms from the Spanish Food and Beverage Sector
Qualitative data from interviews with researchers participating in the SFTPThe data
Regarding the Economic Evaluation of outputs
Some results so far (2) technology push approach.
Regarding the Economic Evaluation of outputs
Regarding the Evaluation of technology push approach.Articulation
Few articulation has been found. Mismatch between industry needs and research groups interests. Only specific cases under specific circumstances
Few continuity in collaborations between firms and research groups after having collaborated in the NFTP
No trace of research results transfer in the medium run
Regarding the Evaluation of the Management Structure
Lack of both human and financial resources
Lack of co-ordination among three different management structures
Same managerial style applied to the heterogeneous scientific communitySome results so far (4)
In the specific case of the SFTP very little articulation has been found, despite the initial and promising expectations of researchers.
Funding has been one of the barriers (Relationship tools)
There are other barriers: communication, bureaucracy, etc. The role of the Interface Structure is key to overcome these barriers.
The lack of coherence between policy formulation and policy implementation make difficult the analysis of articulation.
The methodology to structurally evaluate a R&D Public Policy of a peripheral region, like Spain, must count on both the assessment of the “Relationship Tools” and the role of the “Interface Structures”.Some conclusions
INGENIO - UPV has been found, despite the initial and promising expectations of researchers.
Camino de Vera s/n
Montreal, 17th-18th June 2004