2008 NFHS Field Hockey Rules Interpretation Meeting B. Elliot Hopkins, CAA, NFHS Field Hockey Rules Editor
Rule 1-2-4, Field Markings • The broken line that is marked 5 yards from the outer edge of the each striking circle from end line to end line is now referred to as the “broken line circle.” • Rationale: To appropriately remain consistent in all levels of field hockey.
Rule 1-4-3, Players “Prior to starting the game, the captain from each team shall meet with the officials at the center of the field for the coin toss. The visiting team captain shall call the coin in the air, and the winner of the toss has the choice of the centerpass or which goal to attack or defend in the first half.The team that did not win shall have the remaining choice.Both possession and direction will change at the beginning of the second half.” • Rationale: Clarification and simplification of the rule without compromising the advantage to the winner of the coin toss.
Rule 1-5-1, Player Uniform • Effective January 1, 2011, Jersey/Top color - 1. The home team shall wear single solid white uniform tops front and back on the torso and the visiting team shall wear single solid black or dark-colored uniform tops front and back on the torso. The "torso" is the portion of the top from an imaginary horizontal line at the base of the neckline extending to each armhole/sleeve, down to the bottom hem of the top and from side seam to side seam.
Rule 1-5-1, Player Uniform (cont.) • Identifying Name – 2. Team names and/or abbreviations may be placed on the front or back of the jersey/top. 3. Lettering must be placed horizontally and may be arched. Names may also be on multiple lines. 4. The first and last letters, either above or below the number, must be on the same horizontal plane. When above the number, the plane may not be below a plane extending through the top of the number(s). When below the number, the plane may not be above a plane extending through the bottom of the number(s).
Rule 1-5-1, Player Uniform (cont.) • 5. Any point on any letter shall not be closer than one inch to any point on any number(s). • 6. Any form of decorative accent (i.e. paw, halo, crown, star, etc.) in a name or abbreviation is only permitted above the number. If a tail is used in the lettering of an identifying name or abbreviation the name or abbreviation must be located below the number.
Rule 1-5-1, Player Uniform (cont.) • Above the Neckline – • 7. There are no restrictions in the area of the jersey/top from an imaginary horizontal line at the base of the neckline extending to each armhole/sleeve, up to the shoulder seam. 8. Different colors and/or designs may be used in this area. Neckline and Armhole/Sleeve Trim - 9. Trim shall not exceed 1 inch around the neck and arm openings.
Rule 1-5-1, Player Uniform (cont.) • Side Inserts – • 10. Side Inserts must be centered vertically below the armpit. • 11. The width of the side inserts, including trim must be a maximum of 4 inches (2 inches on each side of the seam). • 12. The style/design of the side insert may be of any color or design. Side inserts must be the same width for all team jerseys. Commemorative/memorial patches not to exceed 4 square inches with the state association approval may be worn in this area or above the neckline.
Rule 1-5-1, Player Uniform (cont.) • Rationale: The uniforms are becoming increasingly difficult to differentiate between home and visitor uniform tops. The new jerseys’/tops' predominant colors are slightly bigger than the side panels and are causing confusion with the game officials when making rulings and issuing penalties.
Legal Uniforms • Trim shall not exceed 1”inch around the neck and arm openings. • The home team shall wear single solid white uniform tops front and back on the torso. The torso is the portion of the top of the imaginary horizontal line at the base of the neckline extending to each armhole/sleeve, down to the bottom hem of the top and from side seam to side seam.
Legal Uniforms • No restrictions in the area of the jersey/top from an imaginary horizontal line at the base of the neckline extending to each armhole/sleeve up to the shoulder seam.
Legal Uniforms • Side inserts must be centered vertically below the armpit. • The width of the side inserts, including trim must be a maximum of 4” inches (2”inches on each side of the seam). • The style/design of the side insert may be any color or design.
Illegal Uniforms • The width of the side inserts, including trim must be a maximum of 4” inches (2”inches on each side of the seam). • The style/design of the side insert may be any color or design.
Illegal Uniforms • The width of the side inserts, including trim must be a maximum of 4” inches (2”inches on each side of the seam). • Side inserts must be the same width for all team jerseys.
Illegal Uniforms • Trim shall not exceed 1”inch around the neck and arm • openings.
Rule 1-6-4, Player Equipment • Effective January 1, 2009, the player’s stick shall not exceed a bow of 25mm, which must be visible and permanently labeled on the stick. The player’s stick shall weigh no more than 23 ounces and must pass through a 2-inch (5.1cm) ring. • Rationale: Clarification
Rule 1-7-3d, Player Equipment (Goalkeeper) • New: …d. May use their stick, protective equipment or any part of their body to push the ball away, deflect the ball (in any direction including over the end line) or to stop the ball. This permits a goalkeeper to use their hands, arms, or any other part of their body to move the ball away, but only as part of a goal- saving action; • Rationale: This change would reduce risk of injury to the goalkeeper by allowing the goalkeeper to move the ball away from her body when defending on the ground, thus eliminating the opportunity for attackers to drive the ball into her body.
Rule 1-7-3d, Player Equipment (Goalkeeper) • Delete:... May Not propel an aerial ball with her body, hand or stick. There is no penalty for a ball rebounding off her body, hand or stick. If caught, the ball shall be released immediately…. • Rationale: To reinforce the flexibility of the goalkeeper pursuant to Rule 1-7-3d.
Rule 2-1-5, Officials • Change: Art. 5…The official nearer the officials’ table shall sound the whistle to start and end each half of play. In addition, restart the game following a goal. The whistle shall also be sounded to: (a) suspend the game; (b) signal time-outs; (c) resume play following time-out; (d) indicate, when necessary, that the ball has gone out of the field of play; (e) indicate a goal has been scored and report the number of the player who scored to the scorer prior to the center pass;(f) signal a time-out following a goal (See 4-2-2f Note); (f) assess a penalty; and (g) start and end a penalty stroke. • Rationale: Editorial
Rule 6-1-3, Scoring • New: Any goals scored when an ineligible player is on the field shall not count provided this is discovered prior to the center pass. Play shall be restarted with a free hit at the center of the field. • Rationale: Clarification. The existing rule allowed the scoring team an unintended advantage by having an ineligible/illegal player on the field when a goal is scored.
Rule 6-1-4, Scoring • New: Art. 4. All goals scored will stand once the center pass has taken place. Renumber the rest of the articles that follow in that section. • Rationale: To clarify when a goal is legitimized once the center pass has occurred.
Rule 8-1-1o, Fouls • New: …o. Goalkeeper striking and/or kicking in an intimidating manner, playing the ball without the stick in her hand, or placing the ball after a hand stop of an aerial ball. • Rationale: To make consistent with the other playing rules modified for the goalkeeper position.
Rule 8-1-7b, Fouls • New: b. Second offense…in the scorebook. The field player removed by the coach in order for the team to play short during the goalkeeper's 5- minute suspension may properly substitute with another field player provided that the team plays short. • Rationale: The current rule penalizes the offending team twice, by removing the starting goalkeeper and preventing the player that has to be removed in order to fulfill the penalty from further participation.
Rule 8-1-7c, Fouls • EXCEPTION: A disqualified goalkeeper must be replaced by another goalkeeper. The coach shall decide which field player shall leave the game in order to fulfill the penalty of the offending team playing short. However, the designated field player may properly substitute with another field player provided that the team plays short. • Rationale: The current rule penalizes the offending team twice, by removing the starting goalkeeper and preventing the player that has to be removed in order to fulfill the penalty from further participation.
Rule 8-1-7c, Fouls (cont.) • Addition: …Third offense by the…shall play short. The game shall be restarted by awarding the appropriate penalty. See Note. • Rationale: Clarification
Rule 9-2-3, Free Hit • Change (last sentence): …On a free hit…the circle, the ball shall be placed on the broken line circle nearest to where the foul occurred, no player…hit is taken. • Rationale: Consistency of ball placements for free hits coming into the offensive circle provides players and officials a clear visualization of the distance required for proper and safe positioning. Creates more space and reduces on the crowding of players in the circle area.
Rule 10-1-11, Penalty Corner • New… Do not stop any penalty corner when time expires if insertion has already taken place. The penalty corner shall be considered completed when . . . • Rationale: Clarification
Rule 11-2-4, Penalty Stroke • Delete the phrase: " or lose contact with the goal line." The modified article reads: "Prior to the penalty stroke, the goalkeeper may stand in any manner with both feet touching the goal line. She shall not take a step in any direction after she and the stroker have indicated they are ready and until the ball has been played. The official...indicate readiness." • Rationale: Clarification.
Rule 12-1-2 Penalty • Change: Second offense by the same team…in the scorebook. The head coach of the offending team shall remove one field player from the game for 5 minutes of elapsed playing time. The designated field player may properly substitute with another field player provided that the team plays short. The game will restart with a free hit unless a penalty corner or a penalty stroke had already been awarded. • Rationale: Clarification
Official Signals • OFFICIAL SIGNALS: PUSHING - Hands out in front of body with a pushing motion. • Rationale: Consistent in other levels of officiating.
Raised Balls • Raised Balls: A player may not raise the ball dangerously or raise the ball in a way leading to dangerous play. After being warned, if a player continues to raise the ball dangerously. She should be carded and suspended from the game. Any raised ball made with an oncoming opponent within five yards it almost certainly dangerous and should be penalized. A raised ball falling into a crowd of players or two opposing players should be called for danger as early as possible. A raised ball must be judged on actual or potential danger and not whether the ball is off the ground.
Raised Stick • Raised Stick: When players continually raise their stick in a dangerous manner, this should be considered a foul. Controlling the height and use of sticks in various situations is the sole responsibility of the players. The player should be aware that the foul can occur when a player is approaching in addition to when they are a stick’s or player’s distance away. Raising the stick above the shoulders in an intimidating/dangerous manner, or using the stick in a dangerous, uncontrolled manner is not acceptable and warrants a foul to be assessed.
Rough and Dangerous Play • Rough and Dangerous Play: Overly aggressive play and lack of regard for everyone’s safety is unacceptable in the sport of field hockey. In both practice and game play coaches need to teach the safe use of the stick and good body control. Players need to accept the possibility they could inflict serious injury. Officials must be able to recognize dangerous play and penalize it appropriately. Although it is recognized that the possibility of injury is inherent in field hockey all participants have the obligation to minimize risk whenever possible.
Body Adornment • Body Adornment: Foreign substances including but not limited to items such as glitter, marker, paint or other similar types of body adornment shall not be permitted. Eye black or zinc oxide is permissible when applied appropriately.
Good Sporting Behavior • Good Sporting Behavior: Officials and coaches need to work together. Each contest is another opportunity for coaches and officials to teach not only field hockey, but also model good sporting behavior as well. The positive values that are learned will serve the players long after their field hockey experience has concluded. Game situations typically provide a coach the opportunity to identify a teachable moment to reinforce good sporting behavior.
Coaches’ Professionalism • Coaches’ Professionalism: The coaching staff sets the entire tone of a contest and season quite frankly, the students look up to the coaching staff as role models and will repeat what the coaches say and imitate how the coaches act. This role as a mentor is a very serious and honorable role. Coaches have the opportunity to take advantage of “teachable moments” during contests that will contribute to the overall development of a young person through the sport of field hockey. Controlling the bench area, modeling good sporting behavior and exhibiting ethical behavior are essential in providing an excellent lesson on being a good citizen and support the function of education based athletics.