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Water Availability for Oil Well Development in North Dakota Status of Water Depot Permit Applications. Robert Shaver Water Appropriation Division North Dakota State Water Commission. Scope of Presentation. Surface Water Availability Ground Water Availability Bedrock Aquifer

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slide1

Water Availability for Oil Well Development in North DakotaStatus of Water Depot Permit Applications

Robert Shaver

Water Appropriation Division

North Dakota State Water Commission

scope of presentation
Scope of Presentation
  • Surface Water Availability
  • Ground Water Availability
    • Bedrock Aquifer
      • Fox Hills Aquifer
    • Glacial Aquifers
      • Killdeer Aquifer
      • Shell Creek Aquifer
surface water availability
Surface Water Availability

Bakken Areal Extent

Knife River

surface water availability1
Surface Water Availability

Missouri River/Lake Sakakawea most reliable water supply

Bakken Areal Extent

fox hills aquifer
Fox Hills Aquifer
  • Fox Hills Aquifer occurs from land surface to depths of ≈ 2,000 feet in west central part of state
  • Well yields of up to 200 gpm
  • Variable water chemistry
    • Relatively high salinity
    • Sodium-bicarbonate type water
fox hills aquifer cont
Fox Hills Aquifer Cont.
  • Major source for domestic/stock use in western North Dakota
  • Monitoring since 1980s indicate pressure head declines of 1 to 2 feet/year
  • Negative impact on flowing wells in Little Missouri, Missouri, and Knife River valleys
slide11

Rate of Decline

≈ 1.2 Feet/ Year

management of fox hills aquifer
Management of Fox Hills Aquifer
  • Groundwater mining is occurring
  • Fox Hills Aquifer is an important water source
  • Every effort should be made to develop large scale ground water supplies from other sources
slide15

A

A’

Killdeer Aquifer

slide17

Medicine Hole Golf Course

72 Acre-Feet

Permit 3701

80 Acre-Feet

City of Killdeer

365 Acre-Feet

Permit 5915

20 Acre-Feet

Approved Water Permits in the Killdeer Aquifer

slide18

Medicine Hole Golf Course

300 Acre-Feet

75 Ac-Ft Granted

Permit 6043

350 Acre-Feet

None Granted

Permit 6011

134 Acre-Feet

None Granted

City of Killdeer

365 Acre-Feet

75 Ac-Ft Granted

Permit 5989

350 Acre-Feet

130 Ac-Ft Granted

New Permits and Amounts Granted

slide19

Schematic Diagram of A Typical Glacial Diversion

Channel Aquifer in Western North Dakota

water depots in north dakota
Water Depots in North Dakota
  • 28 Permitted Water Depots
    • 2,340 acre-feet (763 million gallons) per year
  • 30 Pending Water Permit Applications
    • 5,534 acre-feet (1.8 billion gallons) per year
slide23

The most reliable water supply in terms of both quantity and quality required for oil field development in western North Dakota is Lake Sakakawea and the Missouri River